The law allows undocumented immigrants to have a card with driving privileges. The applicant must prove that they have filed their taxes or are a dependent of someone who has filed their taxes with the state in the last two years. The card says “driving privilege only – not valid for identification.”
Can immigrants get a driver’s license?
- Immigrants can get a license in the United States in most states, but it depends on the state they live in and their immigration status. Undocumented immgrants can get a driver’s license in the following states:
Can illegal immigrants get a driver’s license?
State laws permitting this are on the books in California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, New Jersey, Oregon, Utah, Vermont, Virginia and Washington.
How can a non US citizen get a driver’s license?
How to Apply for a US Driving License
- Step 1: Get Your Documents Ready. Before you go to the local branch of Department of Motor Vehicles, make sure you have all the right documents on you.
- Step 2: Pay Your Fees.
- Step 3: Take Your Tests.
- Step 4: Get Your Vision Tested.
- Step 5: Get Your License.
Can I get a driver’s license without a Social Security card?
You can apply for a ‘Standard’ license or permit without a Social Security Card or ineligibility letter.
Can an illegal immigrant register a car?
“Can an undocumented immigrant register a car in California?” No, they cannot.
Can an illegal immigrant get a tax ID number?
At the same time, the government can issue an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number to undocumented immigrants and nonresident immigrants who work in the United States as well as the following: Nonresident alien required to file a United States tax return.
Can a k1 visa holder get a driver’s license?
Under narrow conditions, K-1 visa holders can qualify for a REAL ID compliant California State ID or Drivers License.
Can illegal immigrants get a driver’s license in Florida?
Non-Immigrants are entitled to a one-year driver license or ID. There are many possibilities for acceptable non-immigrant documents depending on each person’s situation and immigration status.
Can I get a driver’s license with a green card?
The answer to this is yes! To get a U.S. driver’s license you must show proof that you are legally permitted to live or work in the U.S. This means that if you are a green card holder, then you can apply for a US driver’s license with your green card and other relevant documents.
What counts as proof of Social Security number?
The most common documentation for proof of SSN includes: Social Security card. 1040 Tax Return (federal or state versions acceptable) W2 and/or 1099s (includes 1099 MISC, 1099G, 1099R, 1099SSA, 1099DIV, 1099S, 1099INT)
Can an undocumented person get a California driver’s license?
Governor Brown signed AB 60 into law in 2013, which directs the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to issue a driver’s license to any California resident who is eligible, regardless of immigration status. This means that an applicant who is undocumented can receive a driver’s license under AB 60.
How do I get proof of ineligible Social Security?
If you are not eligible for a Social Security number, you can request a “letter of ineligibility” from the Social Security Office. You need to present your original I-20/DS-2019, passport, and I-94 card. The letter of ineligibility may be required in order to obtain a driver’s license.
Can illegal immigrants have car insurance?
Illegal immigrants can buy car insurance. However, undocumented immigrants must have a driver’s license. Most auto insurance companies don’t need a Social Security Number (SSN) for you to get a policy.
Can an immigrant own a car?
“ Anyone can purchase a car. If you have cash and can negotiate a sale price, you can purchase a car,” says Pepper. “The two issues that DACA recipients and undocumented immigrants face are coming up with the financing to purchase a car and complying with requirements to drive legally after purchasing a car.
Can a non US citizen get car insurance?
To get auto insurance in the U.S. if you are not an American citizen, you need to apply for an International Driving Permit. Most insurance companies will sell you an auto insurance policy even if you are not a U.S. citizen, so long as you meet the licensing requirements within 60 days.
States Offering Driver’s Licenses to Immigrants
|California||A 60||2013||This law requires the Department of Motor Vehicles to issue driver’s licenses to individuals who are ineligible for a Social Security number, if the required documentation is provided.||Jan. 1, 2015|
|Colorado||S 251||2013||This law allows individuals to qualify for a driver’s license, instruction permit or identification card, despite the individual not being lawfully present or being only temporarily lawfully present in the United States if certain conditions are met, such as providing state tax returns.||Aug. 1, 2014|
|Connecticut||H 6495||2013||This law provides driver’s licenses to applicants who submit a valid foreign passport or consular identification and proof of residency, regardless of legal presence in the United States. Applicants must file to legalize as soon as he or she is eligible||Jan. 1, 2015|
|Delaware||S 59||2015||This law creates the means for an undocumented immigrant to obtain a driving privilege card in Delaware. A driving privilege card or permit applicant must provide the state with satisfactory documentary evidence and that the applicant has filed a Delaware income tax return or resided in Delaware and been claimed as a dependent by an individual who has filed a state income tax return for the preceding two years. The card is not considered a valid form of identification due to the applicant’s inability to prove legal presence in the U.S.||Dec. 27, 2015|
|Hawaii||H 1007||2015||This law authorizes the issuance of driver’s licenses to residents of Hawaii who cannot provide proof of authorized presence in the United States. Applicants must provide satisfactory proof of identity and Hawaii residency.||Jan. 1, 2016|
|Illinois||S 957||2012||This law allows the Secretary of State to issue a temporary visitor’s driver’s license to an individual who has resided in Illinois for a specified time but is ineligible to obtain a Social Security number, and unable to prove lawful presence. A valid, unexpired foreign passport or consular identification document from their country of citizenship are acceptable forms of identification.||Nov. 28, 2013|
|Maryland||S 715||2013||This law authorizes the issuance of driver’s licenses to those who do not have lawful status or a valid Social Security number.New applicants must provide evidence that the applicant has filed two years of Maryland income tax returns or proof of residency or have been claimed as a dependent by an individual who has filed Maryland income tax returns.The licenses are not valid for Federal identification purposes.||Jan. 1, 2014|
|New Jersey||A4743||2019||This law creates a standard driver’s license or identification that does not require proof of lawful presence. The law prohibits the motor vehicle commission from disclosing information to any federal, state or local law enforcement agency for immigration purposes without the consent of the individual, a warrant, court order or subpoena, unless such restriction is contrary to federal law. The commission may not retain copies of documents submitted to establish eligibility for a license or identification card.||June 1, 2020|
|New Mexico||H 173||2003||This law allows the Department of Motor Vehicles to accept tax identification numbers as a substitute for a Social Security number regardless of immigration status.||2003|
|New York||S 1747||2019||This law authorizes the Department of Motor Vehicles to issue standard drivers’ licenses and restricts what information can be retained and given out on those applying or holding licenses.||June 17, 2019|
|New York||A3675||2019||This legislation allows for the issuance of a driver’s license to undocumented residents and protects the data of those applying for such privilege from unwarranted release. The Department of Motor Vehicles may not disclose records to any agency that primarily enforces immigration law without a lawful court order or judicial warrant. The law requires that any person or entity that has access to information from the department to certify that the information will not be used for civil immigration purposes. Application forms for non-commercial drivers’ licenses and learners’ permits which do not meet federal standards for identification may not state: the documents an applicant used to prove age or identity; an applicant’s ineligibility for a social security number where applicable; or an applicant’s citizenship or immigration status. A non-commercial driver’s license or learner’s permit which does not meet federal standards for identification may not be used as evidence of a person’s citizenship or immigration status, and may not be the basis for investigating, arresting, or detaining a person. Such licenses must be visually identical to federal-purpose driver’s licenses except that such licenses may state “Not for Federal Purposes”.||Dec. 14, 2019|
|Nevada||S 303||2013||This law creates a driver’s authorization card and allows applicants, regardless of legal status, to provide birth certificates or passports issued by a foreign country as proof of identity. This law also prohibits the release of information relating to legal status for purposes relating to the enforcement of immigration laws.||Jan. 1, 2014|
|Oregon||H2015||2019||This law eliminates the requirement that a person provide proof of legal presence before the Department of Transportation issues a noncommercial driver license, noncommercial driver permit or identification card. Acceptable documents to prove identity, date of birth or address when a person is applying for a driver license, driver permit or identification card that is not a Real ID, a commercial driver license, or a commercial learner driver permit, include: (a) An unexpired valid passport from the person’s country of citizenship; (b) An unexpired valid consular identification document issued by the consulate of the person’s country of citizenship; (c) A driver license, driver permit or identification card issued by Oregon that expired less than 13 years before the current application; or (d) A driver license, driver permit or identification card issued by another state that is unexpired or expired less than a year before the current application.||Aug. 9, 2019|
|Utah||S 227||2005||This law establishes a one-year driving privilege card for unauthorized immigrants.Applicants without a Social Security number must prove Utah residency for six months and provide a tax identification number. The card is expressly prohibited from being used for any identification purposes by a governmental entity.||March 8, 2005|
|Vermont||S 38||2013||This law allows those Vermont residents unable to establish lawful presence in the United States to be eligible for a motor vehicle operator’s privilege card or alternate identification card.||Jan. 1, 2014|
|Virginia||HB 1211/SB 34||2020||This law creates a driving privilege card or permit for applicants who do not meet the requirements for a driver’s license or permit. The applicant must have reported income and deductions from Virginia sources, or been claimed as a dependent, on an individual income tax return filed in the preceding 12 months and may not be in violation of the insurance requirements. Applicants may not be required to present proof of legal presence in the United States. A driver privilege card or permit will expire on the applicant’s second birthday following the date of issuance. The front of a driver privilege card or permit must be identical in appearance to a driver’s license or permit that is not a REAL ID credential and the back of the card or permit must be identical in appearance to the restriction on the back of a limited-duration license, permit or special identification card.||Jan. 1, 2021|
|Washington||H 1444||1993||This law allows drivers license applicants without Social Security numbers to provide alternate documentation to show proof of residence in the state of Washington such as home utility bills and tax identification numbers.||July 25, 1993|
|District of Columbia||B 275||2013||This law creates a limited purpose driver’s license, permit, or identification card for a District resident who has not been assigned a Social Security number or cannot establish legal presence in the United States.||May 1, 2014|
Your car registration will expire soon, and you will need to update your address. Use MyDMV to do so. Simply follow the on-screen instructions to create a MyDMV account, update your address, and renew your license online. Registration renewals conducted over the Internet or at emission inspection stations are delivered to the vehicle’s registered owner’s mailing address. Because of this, the Registration Certificate and decal will not be sent by the United States Postal Service. A forwarding order with the Postal Service does not result in a change of address with the Department of Motor Vehicles, as previously stated.
In order to acquire an emission inspection or renew, you do not require a renewal notification.
MyDMV allows you to update your address and get a duplicate license.
See the section on Renewing Your Membership.
Changing Laws Surrounding Driver’s Licenses
Many state legislators feel that acquiring a driver’s license ensures greater safety for all drivers and pedestrians on the roads. Undocumented immigrants would benefit from the availability of a driver’s license since it would enable them to cope more realistically and safely with their everyday activities. Things like sending their children to school and purchasing a car insurance policy will become easier and safer as a result of this change. Furthermore, they might receive training on the traffic laws of the state in which they reside, pass their theoretical driving exam, and then demonstrate their practical driving abilities to demonstrate that they understand the state’s traffic laws.
Some States Do Allow Licenses For Undocumented Immigrants
According to the most recent public opinion in favor of collective security, certain states in the United States have decided to enable illegal immigrants to get a special driver’s license. Undocumented individuals are not entitled to the benefits of a driver’s license under federal law, which is why they cannot obtain one. Only a few states permit the possession of a driver’s license, and each state has its own set of restrictions. In many instances, a foreign driver’s license as well as an International Tax Identification Number (ITIN) are required.
Common Features of Driver’s Licenses for Undocumented Immigrants
Undocumented immigrants who get a driver’s license are subject to specific limitations, which vary depending on the state in which they reside. In general, practically every state takes into consideration the following factors:
- Licenses are only useful for two things: driving and purchasing insurance. They do not permit the receipt of federal funds. As part of their efforts to meet the requirements of the Real ID Act, several states have imposed usage restrictions on their special licenses. The design and look of these licenses are distinct from one another. Unlike ordinary licenses, they state “not valid for identification,” “not valid for federal identification, voting, or public benefits purposes,” among other things. Their use as a document that guarantees you permanent legal residency or citizenship is not permissible. It is against the law to use them to vote in elections in the United States. Their use as a legitimate document for travel on a commercial airline is forbidden
- They do not exempt anybody from taking the theoretical and practical driving tests
- And they do not grant entrance to a federal facility.
What States Give Driver’s Licenses to Undocumented Immigrants?
Undocumented immigrants are subject to a variety of state regulations, including those governing driver’s licenses and the necessity for a REAL ID. At present moment, not all states have legislation that are applicable.
|State||Law||Approval Date||Regulations of the Law||Effective Date|
|California||AB 60Chapter 524||2013||You must prove that you are a resident of the state of California and that you do not qualify for a Social Security number. The license says, “federal limits apply.”||Jan. 1, 2015|
|Colorado||SB 13-251Session 42-2-104||2013||You must verify your identity with a passport or consular ID, have filed your taxes with the state during the year before applying for the license, or have your taxpayer identification number and prove that you lived the last 24 months in the state. The license says “not valid for federal identification, voting, or public benefits purposes.”||Aug. 1, 2014|
|Connecticut||H 6495Public Act 1389||2013||You have to verify your identity with your passport or consular registration and prove your residence in the state of Connecticut. In addition, you must submit an affidavit stating that your immigration status will be legalized as soon as you are eligible. The document is not valid as proof of identity and is issued for 3 to 6 years. The license says “not for federal identification.”||Jan. 1, 2015|
|Delaware||S 592711 Title 21||2015||The law allows undocumented immigrants to have a card with driving privileges. The applicant must prove that they have filed their taxes or are a dependent of someone who has filed their taxes with the state in the last two years. The card says “driving privilege only – not valid for identification.”||Dec. 27, 2015|
|District of Columbia (D.C.)||B20-275Driver Safety Amendment||2013||The law in this state allows a driver’s card valid for eight years to anyone who can prove that they are a D.C. resident for more than six months, who does not have a Social Security number, and who can prove their ID.||May 1, 2014|
|Hawaii||H 1007||2015||This state grants a driver’s license to individuals who cannot prove their legal stay in the country. Applicants must provide some proof of identity and proof of state residency. The document says “not acceptable for official federal purposes.”||Jan. 1, 2016|
|Illinois||S 0957||2013||Illinois law provides a temporary license for visitors who do not qualify for a Social Security number, have resided in Illinois for more than one year, and cannot show legal documents about their stay in the country. The applicant must show with their application a valid passport or consular registration number. The license is valid for 3 years and it says “not valid for identification.”||Nov. 28, 2013|
|Maryland||SB 715||2013||It allows individuals without a Social Security number to have a license if they have filed their taxes or are the dependent of someone who has filed taxes with the state in the last two years. The license is a different color from the ones legal residents carry and says “not acceptable for federal purposes.”||Jan. 1, 2014|
|Nevada||SB 303||2013||This state issues a one-year driver’s card for those who do not have a valid Social Security number and regardless of their legal status. The applicant must prove their identity with a birth certificate or passport. The card differs from the official driver’s license and says “not valid for identification.”||Jan. 1, 2014|
|New Jersey||A4743(p.21)||2019||The law mandates two types of documents. One is the Real ID under federal guidelines, and the other is a standard driver’s license that any New Jersey resident can obtain without discrimination based on immigration status. It is also prohibited to disclose the personal information of those who have the standard driver’s license for immigration-related purposes unless there is authorization from the individual.||Jan. 1, 2021|
|New Mexico||H 173||2003||The applicant must present a taxpayer identification number if they do not have a Social Security number to obtain their standard driver’s license, regardless of their status of legal permanence. The document says “not valid for federal purposes.”||2003|
|New York||A3675||2019||New York law establishes that no person or public entity may disclose the information of an applicant for a driver’s license to be used for purposes of determining their immigration status. The applicant must provide proof of identity, such as a valid passport or a driver’s license from their country of origin with less than 24 months of expiration or the consular registration number. But they do not need to prove immigration status, and if they do not have a Social Security number, they must provide an affidavit stating that one has not been assigned. The license is not a REAL ID; therefore, it does not meet federal requirements.||Dec. 14, 2019|
|Oregon||HB 2015||2019||The law eliminated the requirement to prove the legality of immigration status to have a driver’s license. However, the applicant must prove identity with a passport, or consular registration, or license from her country of origin, or license issued by another state. The license is standard, and it is not the REAL ID. Therefore it does not comply with federal requirements.||Aug. 9, 2019|
|Utah||S 227||2005||This state issues a special card with driving privileges valid for one year. The applicant must prove that they are a resident of the state of Utah for at least six months and provide a taxpayer number. The card says “not valid for identification driving privilege only.”||Mar. 8, 2005|
|Vermont||S 38||2013||State law allows an immigrant without legal status in the country to obtain a special driving document called an operator privilege card. To apply, proof of identity must be provided through a valid passport, birth certificate, consular registration, or marriage certificate. You also have to prove that you are a resident of the state. The document says, “driver’s privilege card not for federal identification.”||Jan. 1, 2014|
|Washington||H 1444||1993||The applicant must prove that they are a state resident by presenting a bill for their services, or documents from the school, or university. They must also prove their identity. The card says “driver’s license – federal limits apply.”||July 25, 1993|
Speak to an Experienced Immigration Attorney Today
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Related Topics In This Section
Undocumented immigrants are able to obtain a driver’s license in the states listed below:
- California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington are among the states that have ratified the Constitution.
In the meanwhile, depending on the state in which you reside, you can utilize your international license for a period of 6-12 months. More information may be found on the website of your state.
U.S. Driver’s License Requirements for Immigrants
The prerequisites for obtaining a driver’s license in the United States differ from state to state. Most, but not all, need the use of an agreement card, as previously stated. Typically, some of the prerequisites for acquiring your license include your photo identification, evidence of residency in your state, proof of social security, a driver’s license from your home country, and a passport from your home nation. Visit the website of your state to learn more about the unique criteria for obtaining a driver’s license in the United States.
Preparing for the Driver’s Test
The written section of the driver’s exam and the driving portion are the two components of the U.S. driver’s test. More information about these components of the examination, as well as when you may repeat the exams if you fail, can be found on your state’s website.
The written component of the driver’s examination in the United States includes questions about traffic regulations, safety measures, and other topics. In the event of a failure to pass the driving test, the driver’s license is automatically suspended. A fast Google search will help you locate online quizzes to help you prepare for your driver’s exam, but we recommend visiting your state’s website to obtain additional resources, such as a copy of the state’s driver’s handbook, to help you prepare.
Maneuverability and then on-road driving are required for the driving component of the United States driver’s examination. Depending on where you take your test, any infraction during the test is considered an automatic fail. For example, striking a cone during the maneuverability phase of the test or failing to stop at a traffic signal during the road component are both considered automatic fails in some locations. It is possible to enroll in a local driving school in order to prepare for this component of the exam.
When looking for these choices, your local motor vehicle office might be a valuable resource.
International Driver’s License
Once you get your green card, you may apply for an International Driver’s Permit (IDP), which will allow you to drive in over 150 countries across the world once you have it. This is a great option if you plan on going to other countries and need to rent a car while there. In addition, it is crucial to remember that only two organizations in the United States have been approved by the United States Department of State to grant an International Driving Permit: the American Automobile Association (AAA) and the American Automobile Touring Alliance (AATA) (AATA).
If you’re ever in doubt, you may always seek advice from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
U.S. Driver’s License Renewal
It’s a good idea to visit your state’s website before renewing your license to be sure you have all of the papers you’ll need. Licenses generally expire after a few years, but again, the expiration dates vary from state to state, so it is important to check with your state before purchasing a new license. Are you ready to begin your journey toward obtaining a green card? Allow us to assist you in determining if you are qualified.
Can an Undocumented Person in California Get a Driver’s License?
Someone who was born in a nation other than the United States and who does not have legal immigration status in the United States may be able to receive a driver’s license in a small number of states, including California. (This type of person is referred to as “undocumented” in the short term. The word “illegal alien” may also be heard. In this article, you will learn about California’s law (known as AB 60, which was passed in 2013) about obtaining a driver’s license if you are an illegal person.
Legal Implications of Obtaining a California Driver’s License
Obtaining a California driver’s license just indicates that you are authorized to operate a motor vehicle inside the state of California and that you are required to carry an identification card showing your eligibility. Obtaining a California driver’s license does not confer any form of legal standing in the United States on the individual. California does not have the authority to legalize your immigration status in the United States; this is an issue that is handled only by federal law. Among other things, this implies that you cannot use your license for federal identification or to cast a ballot in United States presidential or congressional elections.
It cited a number of studies that found that around one in every five fatal collisions involved a motorist who did not have a valid license, and that millions of California drivers did not have auto insurance.
Eligibility for a California Driver’s License
For undocumented individuals who are unsure if they are eligible for a California driver’s license because they lack legal status or a Social Security Number (SSN), the most crucial question is whether they can fulfill the requirements laid forth in Assembly Bill 60. This regulation requires you to not only fulfill the same qualifications as other potential drivers (for example, knowing the traffic rules and having acceptable vision), but also to comply with the following additional requirements:
- Proof of your identity is required, as is proof of your residency in California. You must also swear in an affidavit (written statement) that you are ineligible for a Social Security number and that you are unable to provide satisfactory proof that your presence in the United States is authorized by federal law. This affidavit will not be considered a public record
- Instead, it will be kept confidential.
You will be required to provide identification, such as a passport, consular card (matricula consular), or electoral card, as confirmation of your identity. Also required is proof of your California residency, such as rental or lease agreements with your and the landlord’s signature, mortgage and home utility bills in your name, as well as records from your educational and professional institutions as well as your bank and employment records (if you are self-employed). More particular information on what papers to submit may be found on the AB 60 Checklist page of the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) website, which is linked above.
Applicants who submit papers in a language other than English will be required to submit a certified translation or an affidavit of translation into English along with their submission.
Application Process for a California Driver’s License
To apply, you may either schedule an appointment or walk into one of the many driver license processing locations located around the state. Fill out an application form, pay costs, and pass a written exam, as well as possible road sign tests, vision tests, and driving skills tests before being considered for the position of truck driver. Several different language versions of study materials are available. For further information, see the AB 60 Driver License page on the California Department of Motor Vehicles website.
What an Undocumented Person’s California Driver’s License Will Look Like
The note “FEDERAL LIMITS APPLY” will appear on the back of your California driver’s license. That implies that anyone who reads it will have a very decent notion that you are not a citizen of the United States—but don’t be alarmed. The legislation also prohibits discrimination against those who have an AB 60 license, and California police officers are not required to turn over unauthorized immigrants to federal immigration enforcement authorities, as is the case nationwide. Whatever the case may be, it remains true that nothing prevents federal immigration officials from apprehending someone who has an AB 60 license—whether they do so after encountering them during a home or workplace raid, placing a hold on them after an arrest and imprisonment by law enforcement, or accessing the DMV files because they are looking for that individual.
Who Should NOT Apply for an AB 60 License in California
If you have a record of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs (DUI) or any other criminal record, have been deported (removed) in the past, or have used fraudulent documents to get a previous drivers’ license, you should think hard about applying. Before submitting an application, speak with an attorney about the dangers involved.
Undocumented immigrants can get licenses. ICE can get their data.
9 minutes are allotted for reading. Every evening, as Mayra Raymundo travels to work, she incessantly checks her rearview mirror to make sure everything is in order. She is scared that a police officer will stop her and discover that she does not have a driver’s license or auto insurance. She would be forced to declare that she is illegal, putting her life in danger of deportation to Guatemala. Raymundo, a 31-year-old cleaning crew member at a private school near Providence, Rhode Island, works nights.
- Raymundo claims that she is unable to sustain her two young girls because she does not have access to a vehicle.
- If not, then no,” Raymundo answered, adding that if she had a driver’s license, she would be able to get work at a restaurant that paid $15 an hour.
- For more than a decade, politicians in Rhode Island have attempted to enact this legislation.
- This eliminates the possibility of being arrested for driving without a license, which is a common way to expedite deportation.
- The watchdog did its job.
- Please sign up to get our Watchdog newsletter.
- According to a Center for Public Integrity study, at least seven states have exchanged personal information from drivers with the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement since January 2020.
- Other times, they are looking for specific individuals’ residences and driving records.
- Some immigrant rights organizations are now questioning if it is too perilous for illegal immigrants to obtain driver’s licenses in the United States.
” “A lot of people in our communities stated, ‘I’m not going to take the chance.’ I’m not going to renew because I don’t want to risk getting deported merely to drive.”
Some states verify ICE’s requests. Many do not.
In an effort to improve how they handle requests from ICE, Public Integrity reached out to every county that permits unauthorized persons to drive the process. Their laws or internal rules differed greatly, and some were unwilling to provide explanations. For the most part, no proof is required that ICE investigations are connected to criminal behavior rather than civil immigration breaches. When petitions come in citing child exploitation, drug trafficking, or other similar investigations, some states grant them without question, taking the information at its value.
- At least two other states, California and Hawaii, have passed legislation specifically forbidding motor vehicle agencies from exchanging information with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) that is purely devoted to immigration enforcement.
- Furthermore, ICE stated that it does not target people for deportation based on their license information.
- Advocacy groups also believe that jurisdictions will be unable to be certain that the agency will not utilize driver’s license data to seek down illegal immigrants who have not committed any crimes.
- Who knows.” In California, for example, a spokeswoman for the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) stated that ICE “must agree” not to utilize personal information for immigration enforcement.
- When it comes to Utah, which has a regulation identical to the federal approach, Comunidades Unidas’ Cedano says that growing worry about what the government would do with the information has discouraged some illegal immigrants from applying for driving permission cards.
A Utah driving permission card on the left, and a Utah driver’s license on the right are seen here (Getty Images, left; Utah Department of Public Safety, right) ICE is only allowed to share information with Delaware and Vermont’s motor vehicle departments for the purpose of immigration enforcement in those states.
- There is no need to make a request.
- The Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services in Maryland sent that question to ICE’s parent organization, the Department of Homeland Security, for further investigation.
- Over the course of a year and a half, the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency accessed Maryland’s law enforcement database, which contains personal information on drivers.
- Maryland did not specify how many of these events used driver’s license data, instead forwarding the inquiry to Homeland Security for more clarification.
It irritates me that individuals will have to think about data, that their information might be provided to ICE, and that they will be forced to comply “According to Juan Manuel Guzman, state advocacy director of the youth-led immigrant rights organization United We Dream, “We have a dream.” Obtaining his license in Maryland was possible for illegal immigrants as of 2014, when the state authorized them to do so.
“He said that if you allow agencies – whether it’s the FBI or the Central Intelligence Agency – full license and unrestrained authority, they may sift through massive amounts of data and utilize it in potentially harmful ways. “I believe that to be highly alarming.””
ICE pursues drivers’ information
Increasingly, as more states legalized the driving of illegal immigrants, federal immigration officials began approaching state motor vehicle departments for assistance in identifying someone in a photograph or to determine whether someone was living under an assumed name. Between 2015 and 2019, according to a Washington Post investigation, the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the FBI made thousands of facial recognition requests to state motor vehicle agencies. Hundreds of searches were flagged as having generated a “possible match” in the state of Utah alone.
- In May 2020, the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) issued a report stating that it has a policy prohibiting agents seeking face recognition searches unless the searches are for persons suspected of criminal behavior.
- In 2004, around 150 people marched in support of a measure that would have granted illegal immigrants the ability to qualify for a driver’s license in California.
- He stated that the government does not issue these inquiries only for the purpose of identifying people for deportation.
- In September 2020, the Connecticut Intelligence Center, which holds personal data from the state’s department of motor vehicles, received a request from ICE for an individual’s address history, criminal history, traffic violation history, and an image.
- The request was turned down by the center.
- The request was turned down by the department.
- Other states, such as Maryland and Oregon, are unable to provide an answer because of a lack of information.
- Curt Bramble, a Republican from Utah who supported legislation to give driving privilege cards in that state in 2005.
As Bramble said, “there is a reason why the legal word ‘illegal immigrant’ is used in the United States Code.” “The individuals have made the decision to break our immigration rules.” – He claims that no advocates have ever approached him to voice their dissatisfaction with the information sharing with ICE.
Nick Street, the public information officer for the Utah Department of Public Safety, initially told Public Integrity that ICE agents had sought information exclusively for immigration enforcement at least twice in 2021, and that DPS had accepted their requests on both occasions.
They were among over 230 information requests from the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) that were approved by the public safety department in the previous year and a half.
Better lives, more money
There are several economic benefits to allowing unauthorized persons to get driver’s licenses: Vehicles and other large-ticket products, such as houses, are more likely to be purchased by licensed drivers. A greater number of automobiles are registered and insured. Undocumented workers can contribute more to the economy if they have more access to better employment and are able to travel to them. According to a 2016 analysis by Roger Williams University’s School of Law and Latino Policy Institute, poverty falls at a quicker pace in states that implement these measures, particularly in rural areas.
- His wife’s spouse, Rosendo Martinez, works as a gardener and has recently obtained his driving permit card.
- Through an interpreter, Reyes said that he now makes $200 each day.
- It takes an hour to travel to the first residence of the day because she doesn’t have a driver’s license yet and has rely on her employer to transport her and up to five other ladies there in a single vehicle.
- The prospect of passing her driving safety course and launching her own cleaning service excites her.
- Using an interpreter, Castillo stated, “My time does not belong to me.” “It’s almost as if I don’t have any feet.” Castillo will no longer be reliant on $14 cab trips to and from evening English courses four days a week after she has learned to drive.
- “It will be like winning the jackpot when I am able to drive myself and my kid everywhere we need to go,” she says.
- During the nights, Guzman, the undocumented advocate who obtained his driver’s license in Maryland, explained that he was allowed to drive to a community college and study English.
“It’ll be like winning the lotto when I’m able to drive myself and my son anywhere we need to go,” says the author.
“My family works in construction and home cleaning, and being able to free ourselves from sometimes unpleasant bosses has been a fantastic experience,” Guzman explained.
In April 2020, when Democrats retook control of the legislature, the measure was ultimately enacted, and it entered into force in January.
According to Monica Sarmiento, executive director of the Virginia Coalition for Immigrant Rights, the law was sponsored to assure that illegal farmworkers could continue to produce food for the state.
When the bill was finally enacted, advocates erupted in joy.
The General Assembly leadership, according to Alejandro, of the ACLU People Power Fairfax, was not in support of such limits at the time of the vote.
Support Public Integrity
We are unable to complete this task without your assistance. Legislature enacted a data protection statute on its own in March, and it became effective the following month. It is possible that the law in Rhode Island would have featured some of the most stringent data-sharing limitations in the country. In accordance with the statute, state agencies were banned from disclosing information to immigration officials unless ICE could obtain an arrest warrant or an order from a court of law. Despite a 28-10 vote in support of allowing unauthorized immigrants to drive in Rhode Island’s Senate, House leadership determined that they would not take up the issue before the session concluded in June.
Raymundo, on the other hand, needs to get to work right away.
Clarification: On July 14, at 5:15 p.m., the following was stated: This item originally featured a table that did not define the terms “driver data” and “DMV records.” This has since been corrected.
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How to Get a Driver’s License for Illegal Immigrants
Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation According to the most recent statistics available, twelve states and the District of Columbia have approved legislation permitting undocumented immigrants to get driver’s licenses. California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Vermont, and Washington are among the states that fall within this category. There are certain differences between these licenses and the licenses provided to citizens and legal immigrants; for example, you cannot use them to sign up for benefits or board an airline with the same authority.
- 1 Find out what your state’s criteria are. Each state is responsible for issuing its own driver’s license. As a result, the standards for each state may range slightly from one another. Discover your state’s unique criteria by visiting the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) website, which should provide a comprehensive list of prerequisites.
- To locate your state’s Department of Motor Vehicles, enter “DMV” and your state’s name into a search engine. Once you’ve done that, look into the criteria for a driver’s license. Pay close attention exclusively to the regulations of your state
2 Obtain documentation proving your state residency and identification. Most states will ask you to demonstrate that you have been a resident of the state for a specified period of time. Evidence in the form of rental or lease agreements, mortgage bills, job paperwork, education records, and so forth. It is possible that you will require additional documents to confirm your residence. You may also be needed to provide evidence of the following:
- It is necessary to have a valid passport or consular identification card, or any other proof that confirms your identity
- Incapacity to obtain a Social Security number. Proof of insurance and a statement from the Social Security Administration declaring that you do not qualify for a Social Security number may be required. Before you may obtain a driver’s license, certain states may need evidence of insurance.
Advertisement number three: prepare for the knowledge test.
You will be tested on your knowledge of driving regulations as well as state legislation pertaining to driving. If you want to be well prepared for the exam, you should obtain any Driver Handbook that the state makes available on its website. Take a look at it and make some notes.
- A sample test is also available in some states, which you may take for free. It is recommended that you take a practice exam and study the right answers prior to visiting the DMV.
4 Consult with a legal professional. Depending on your circumstances, you may choose to consult with an attorney before applying for your new driver’s license. For example, you may already possess a driver’s license that was obtained via the use of false or fraudulent papers. Additionally, you may have used someone else’s Social Security Number to obtain a driver’s license. If you come forward, it is unclear whether or not you will be prosecuted by the states.
- So, for example, the California Department of Motor Vehicles has indicated that it will not advance prior cases of fraud to get a driver’s license if there is no other criminal behavior on the person’s record. The advice of attorneys is to use cautious, and you should also evaluate your criminal background. You may be targeted by ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement) if you have convictions for crimes or major misdemeanors, or if you have re-entered the nation after being deported from another country. If you are unable to pay an attorney, you should attempt to contact a legal assistance group in your area by utilizing thisLocator tool. Legal aid organizations give free or reduced-fee legal services to persons who are in need of assistance due to financial constraints.
5 Obtain a driver’s license, if one is necessary. Some states may require you to first obtain a learner’s permit before you may drive. The state of Connecticut mandates that undocumented immigrants must get a driver’s permit by passing a knowledge examination.
- If you pass the vision and knowledge tests, the Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles will mail you your permit. Depending on your age, you will be required to meet the criteria of the driver’s license. You must have completed at least 22 hours of classroom training, as well as an eight-hour Safe Driving Practices course, at a commercial or secondary driving school if you are between the ages of 16 and 17. After that, you’ll need an extra 40 hours of driving practice. For individuals who are 18 years or older, you will be required to complete an eight-hour Safe Driving Practices class.
- 1 Make a trip to the DMV. You may find the location of your local DMV by checking your state’s website, which should provide a list of locations where you can submit your application. The website should also provide a listing of the hours during which they are available.
- You will almost certainly need to schedule an appointment in order to obtain an undocumented immigrant driver’s license. If you live in California, you may schedule an appointment online by visiting this website or by calling 1-877-777-0133 (option 1). It is possible to book an appointment in Colorado by visiting thiswebpage or by calling 303-205-2335.
2 Complete the application process. The DMV will need that you complete an application when you arrive at the office. Some states may make their applications available online in PDF format, which is a convenient option for applicants. If this is the case, you can download it and complete it before to visiting the DMV.
- Nevada’s application may be found here on the internet. Make sure you are applying for a “Driver Authorization Card” before proceeding.
3 Have your vision checked. When applying for a driver’s license, most states require that you pass a vision test. Most states require that you have 20/20 vision or better in order to be granted full driving privileges. If your vision deteriorates, you may be denied a license or have driving restrictions imposed on your privilege to drive (such as no night driving).
- If you wear glasses, you may continue to do so during the test. However, if you require the usage of spectacles or contact lenses in order to pass the exam, a notation will be put on your driver’s license indicating this.
4 Pass the written examination. The prerequisites for the tests will differ from state to state. It is more likely that you will be asked to identify typical traffic signals as well as to answer questions regarding driver liability and driving regulations.
- 4 Obtain a passing grade on the written exam It will be necessary to take different tests depending on where you live. It is more likely that you will be asked to identify common traffic signals and to provide answers to questions on driver liability and driving regulations.
5 Put your plan to the test on the road. In order to obtain a driver’s license, most states will need you to pass a road test. In order to drive, you must have auto insurance and have the vehicle registered. However, the driving exam will differ based on the state and the instructor, but you should anticipate the test to include the following topics:
- Identifying and operating the vehicle’s controls, such as the accelerator, signals, brake, horn, and so on
- Ensure that the seat, mirror, and seat belts are correctly adjusted. Taking the brakes out of gear
- Verifying if the path is clear by looking over your shoulder Using turn signals in the appropriate manner
- Having the ability to turn
- Bringing the car to a complete stop and backing it up correctly
- Parking on a steep incline
- Follow all traffic signs and signals. Obey all traffic regulations, including speed limits and lane markers. Your general safety, including your awareness of the traffic in your immediate surroundings
6 You must pay the price. Each state levies a tax, which varies from one state to another depending on the state. Check with the DMV ahead of time to learn out how much the price is and what forms of payment are accepted.
- There is a $50.50 cost in Colorado for this service. It costs $72.00 in Connecticut, and you may pay with cash, money orders, personal checks, bank checks, Mastercard, Visa, Discover card, and most debit cards with a Mastercard or Visa logo
- In Massachusetts, the charge is $72.00
- And in Rhode Island, the fee is $72.00.
Seventh, have your photograph taken. In order to obtain a driver’s license, you will be required to sit and have your photo taken. On the actual license, your picture must be included.
- Washington employs facial recognition technology for its photographs, which means that you must remove anything that is obscuring your face or head before taking your image. It is possible that you will need to produce a thumbprint if you have a medical or religious cause to do so.
8Receive your license in the mail. It is possible that you will not obtain your license immediately. Instead, the Secretary of State may require additional time to verify your immigrant status before granting you a driver’s licence. Advertisement Inquire about something There are 200 characters remaining. Include your email address so that you may be notified when this question has been resolved. SubmitAdvertisement
About This Article
Summary of the ArticleX Several states now enable illegal immigrants to get a driver’s license if they can provide proof of their legal status and the requisite documentation to the proper government agency. Visit the website of your state’s Department of Motor Vehicles to learn more about the unique regulations in your state. Most states will want you to demonstrate that you’ve been a resident for a specified period of time, so you may need to provide documentation such as a rental or lease agreement, mortgage bills, work documents, or school records.
Additionally, you will be required to prepare for and pass the knowledge test, as well as to take the driving test and complete an application.
Continue reading to find out how to pay for and acquire your driver’s license. Did you find this overview to be helpful? Thank you to all writers for contributing to this page, which has been read 35,309 times so far.