Different Driver’s License Types
- Class D. Although it may seem odd to jump into the middle of the alphabet to start, a Class D license is the most common type of driver’s license.
- Junior License (DJ)
- Commercial Driver’s License (Class A, B, and C)
- Taxi and Livery (Class E)
What are the different types of class licenses?
Other classes of driver licenses/endorsements are:
- Noncommercial Class A.
- Noncommercial Class B.
- Commercial Class A.
- Commercial Class B.
- Commercial Class C.
- Motorcycle Class M1.
- Motorcycle Class M2.
- Commercial endorsements: Doubles/Triples. Hazardous Materials. Passenger Transportation. Tank Vehicle.
What is a Class B driver?
Class B CDL This license allows the driver to operate any vehicle with a GVWR greater than 26,000 pounds, as well as any vehicle towing a trailer that does not exceed a GVWR of 10,000 pounds. A Class B CDL is required for: drivers towing trailers with less than 10,000 pounds of GVWR.
How many different class licenses are there?
There are three classes of Commercial Driver’s Licenses: Class A CDL. Class B CDL. Class C CDL.
What is Class C license in Texas?
“Class C” licensing allows you to operate vehicles with a GVWR under 26,000 lbs that would normally not require a CDL, except when they are designed to transport 16 or more persons, including the driver; carry 15 or fewer people, including the driver, and transport children to or from school and home regularly for
What is class A and B?
When more than one class of stock is offered, companies traditionally designate them as Class A and Class B, with Class A carrying more voting rights than Class B shares. Class A shares may offer 10 voting rights per stock held, while class B shares offer only one.
What is a Class C license?
A class C – Car licence lets you drive: vehicles including cars, utes, vans, some light trucks and car-based motor tricycles. You can also drive tractors and certain implements such as graders. vehicles that seat up to 12 adults, including the driver.
What can you drive with a Class C license?
A category C license allows drivers to drive vehicles over 3.5 tonnes, but must not exceed 32 tonnes. Category C license typically covers a vehicle with a cab and trailer fixed permanently together. In other words, what we would consider a ‘standard lorry’ configuration.
What is the difference between CDL AB and C?
Class B vehicles do not typically have a trailer. A class C CDL can be used for operating small hazmat vehicles, passenger vans of 16 people or combination vehicles not described in class A or B, for example a small truck towing a trailer.
What is a Class B truck?
A Class B CDL lets you drive a single vehicle weighing 26,001 pounds or more without a trailer. It also allows you to operate any vehicle towing a trailer that weighs less than 10,000 pounds. Dump trucks with small trailers.
What is a Class D license?
Different driver’s licenses can be used to operate different classes of vehicles. The most common is the passenger (Class D) license, which allows you to legally operate a passenger vehicle, van or small truck.
What is the most common type of driver’s license?
Class D. Although it may seem odd to jump into the middle of the alphabet to start, a Class D license is the most common type of driver’s license. It is what most people on the road have.
What does CDL stand for?
CDL stands for commercial driver’s license, which is required to operate many of the larger vehicles you see on the road today. CDLs have been required since April 1992, and many states also have specific CDL requirements for various vehicles.
What is a Class B license in Texas?
Class B – Permits the holder to operate any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more, any one of those vehicles towing a vehicle that does not exceed 10,000 pounds GVWR, and any vehicle designed to transport 24 passengers or more, including the driver.
What is a Class D license in Texas?
The class D driver’s license is the standard license for any vehicle under 16,000 pounds–including passenger vehicles, sport utility vehicles, vans, and trucks.
What is class M license in Texas?
Motorcycle riders must obtain a Class M driver’s license to operate a motorcycle on a public highway in Texas. Applicants must be age 16 or older and have passed a Basic Motorcycle Operator Training Course approved by the Department of Public Safety.
Classes of Driver Licenses
The following factors determine the class of a Texas driving license:
- The type of vehicle that is driven on a Texas highway
- The gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of the vehicle being towed, or the gross combination weight rating (GCWR) of the vehicles being hauled The maximum number of people that the vehicle can accommodate
To the extent that it is not banned by the Commercial Driver License Act, the owner of a valid driver license is permitted to operate any vehicles in the class for which the license was granted, as well as all smaller classes, with the exception of motorbikes.
Class of Non-Commercial Driver License
The following classes of driver licenses are granted: Class A, Class B, Class C, and Class M. Class A, B, C, and M driver licenses are issued to persons who are exempt from acquiring a commercial driver license (CDL) or who are not obliged to acquire a CDL. Individuals who are exempt from acquiring a CDL may nevertheless be required to obtain a Class A or B driving license if the kind of vehicle they drive fulfills the weight requirements for a Class A or B vehicle, as described in the following section.
- Those who operate recreational vehicles that are used for personal purposes
- There are certain farmers who satisfy specific requirements
- Cotton burrs and cotton seed module operators
- Cotton seed module operators Operator of a fire engine or other emergency vehicle Operators of military transport vehicles Vehicles that are owned, leased, or managed by an airline company.
Exemptions are detailed in the Texas Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers Handbook, which may be found here.
|Class A||Authorizes an individual to drive:|
- A single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of at least 26,001 pounds
- A combination of vehicles with a combined gross vehicle weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, provided that the GVWR of the vehicle(s) towed is greater than 10,000 pounds
- A single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of at least 26,001 pounds
- A single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more that is towing a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or less, or a farm trailer with a gross vehicle weight rating of 20,000 pounds or less
- In addition to the driver, a bus with a seating capacity of 24 people or more is defined as follows:
- Unclassified motor vehicle is a group of motor vehicles that are not classified as Class A or B
- A single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of less than 26,001 pounds carrying a farm trailer having a GVWR of not more than 20,000 pounds
- Vehicles are designed to convey no more than 23 persons, not counting the driver. Note: Unless exempt, vehicles rated for the transportation of 16-23 people, including the driver, are required to have a Class C commercial driver’s license. An autocycle is a two-wheeled vehicle that is propelled by a motor.
|Class M||Authorizes an individual to drive a motorcycle.|
Class of Commercial Driver License (CDL)
Individuals who possess a valid commercial driver’s license (CDL) are permitted to operate any vehicle in the class for which the license was granted, or a lesser class, including their personal car. A motorbike, on the other hand, is excluded from this category. A CLP must be obtained and retained for a period of 14 days before an application for a CDL may be submitted. For further information, please see the website for the commercial driver’s license.
|Class A CDL||Authorizes an individual to drive any combination of vehicles with a GCWR of 26,001 pounds or more if the GVWR of the vehicle(s) towed exceeds 10,000 pounds.|
|Class B CDL||Authorizes an individual to drive any:|
- A single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of at least 26,001 pounds
- A single vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more that is towing a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds
- Vehicle capable of transporting at least 24 passengers, including the driver
|Class C CDL||Authorizes an individual to drive any single vehicle or combination of vehicles that is not a Class A or B if the vehicle is:|
- Designated for a passenger capacity of 16 to 23 people, including the driver. In the transportation of hazardous chemicals, it is necessary to have a placard attached to the vehicle.
New York State driver license types and classes
|ACommercial (CDL)||Age 21 or olderLegal presence in the United States||Most single unit vehicles and vehicle combinations up to legal weight limits depending on endorsements and restrictions.||H, M, N, P, S, T, W, X Commercial Learner Permit (CLP) Limited to: M, N, P, S, W|
|BCommercial (CDL)||Age 18 or olderLegal presence in the United States||Most single unit vehicles that a Class E driver can drive plus buses and trucks that have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more depending on endorsements and restrictions.||H, M, N, P, S, W, X Commercial Learner Permit (CLP) Limited to: M, N, P, S, W|
|CCommercial (CDL)||Age 18 or olderLegal presence in the United States||Most single unit vehicles that a Class E driver can drive plus buses and trucks that have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)of 26,000 lbs. or less depending on endorsements and restrictions.||H, M, N, P, S, W, X|
|DOperator||Age 18 or over, or age 17 with Driver Education.|
- Passenger automobiles and trucks having a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,000 pounds or less
- And Towing a vehicle with a maximum gross weight of less than 10,000 pounds (for example, a trailer) is considered to be a towing vehicle. Is capable of towing a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 10,000 pounds, provided that the aggregate weight rating of the two vehicles is 26,000 pounds or less
- Motorcycles (mopeds) with a restricted use
- Vehicles that pull another vehicle (for example, a trailer) with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 3,000 lbs. or less
- Passenger cars and trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 10,000 lbs. or less Motorcycles (mopeds) with a restricted use
- See the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Law and the restrictions on drivers under the age of 18 for further information.
|EFor-hire: Taxi, Livery, Limo||Age 18 or older||The same type of vehicles as Class D, plus for-hire vehicles that carry 14 passengers or less.||F, G, R, W|
|MMotorcycle||Age 18 or over, or age 17 with Driver Education. Can be combined with other Classes, for example Class DM||Motorcycles|
|MJJunior Motorcycle||Age 16-17 with Driver Education. Can be combined with Class DJ (DJMJ)||Motorcycles, with restrictions for drivers under age 18.Seethe Graduated Driver License (GDL) Law and the restrictions on drivers under age 18.|
Driver License Classes
- 2-axle vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of no more than 26,000 pounds (lbs. )
- A three-axle vehicle with a gross weight of 6,000 pounds or less
- Housecar with a length of 40 feet or less
- Motorcycle with three wheels, two of which are in the front and two in the back
- Vehicle meant to transport more than ten people, but no more than fifteen people, including the driver
Although a vanpool driver may operate with a Class C license, he or she must also provide proof of the medical examination necessary for a Class B license when operating vanpool cars on public roads. Keeping a statement signed under penalty of perjury in the vanpool vehicle stating that they have not been convicted of reckless driving, drunk driving, or hit-and-run in the previous five years is required under California Vehicle Code Section 12804.9(j).
- A single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 lbs. or less, including a tow dolly if one is employed
- If you have a vehicle that weighs 4,000 lbs. or more unloaded, you can tow the following:
- When towing is not for compensation, a trailer coach or fifth-wheel travel trailer under 10,000 lbs. GVWR is permitted
- A fifth-wheel travel trailer surpassing 10,000 lbs. but under 15,000 lbs. is permitted. When towing is not for profit and with endorsement, the GVWR should be considered.
- Vehicle combinations with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,000 pounds or less, if they are employed purely in agricultural operations and not for hire or remuneration
- Class C licenses are not permitted to tow more than one vehicle. Towing more than one car is prohibited by law for any passenger vehicle, regardless of weight. A motor vehicle with an unladen weight of less than 4,000 lbs. may not tow a vehicle with a gross weight of more than 6,000 lbs. (CVC 21715(b))
Other classes of driver licenses/endorsements are:
- Commercial Class A
- Commercial Class B
- Commercial Class C
- Motorcycle Class M1
- Motorcycle Class M2
- Commercial endorsements:
- Doubles and triples
- Hazardous materials
- Passenger transportation
- Tank vehicle
- Driver’s license with ambulance endorsement, school bus endorsement, tow truck endorsement, driver’s license with transit training verification, driver’s license with ambulance endorsement, and firefighter endorsement are all available.
A Medical Examination Report Form (MER) MCSA-5875 and a Medical Examiner’s Certificate Form (MEC) MCSA-5876 must be submitted by commercially licensed firemen in order to be certified. Noncommercially licensed firemen may submit a self-certificationHealth Questionnaire to the Department of Transportation (DL 546).
Depending on the kind and weight of vehicles that may be driven by the individual to whom the license is granted, a Georgia Driver’s License is assigned a classification.
Explanation of Classes
When towing a vehicle, Class A (Commercial) refers to any combination of vehicles (power unit and trailer) with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, provided the GVWR of the vehicle(s) being towed exceeds 10,000 pounds. This category includes automobiles classified as B and C. Exams in both knowledge and driving ability are necessary. Must be at least 18 years old, yet they are only permitted to drive on interstate highways until they reach the age of 21. Class B (Commercial) includes any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, as well as any such vehicle pulling another vehicle weighing no more than 10,000 pounds.
Exams in both knowledge and driving ability are necessary.
Class CP (Permit)– This permit is available to any individual who is at least 15 years old and who passes a knowledge test as well as a vision assessment, as well as meeting the conditions for school enrolment.
Class C (Non-Commercial and Commercial) includes any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of not more than 26,000 pounds; or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR of not more than 10,000 pounds; or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR of more than 10,000 pounds, provided that the combination of vehicles has a gross combined vehicle weight rating of not more than 26,000 pounds; and any self-propelled or towed vehicle that is Three-wheeled vehicles with a steering wheel are included in this category.
Licences for Class C (Commercial) vehicles are provided only if the vehicle is meant to transport sixteen or more people (including the driver), or if the vehicle is being used to transport hazardous items in amounts that need the use of a placard for transportation.
Driver’s Education course consisting of classroom and hands-on training for Class C vehicles – available to 16-year-olds who have held a Class CP license for at least one year and one day; have not been convicted of any serious traffic violations; meet school enrollment requirements; and have completed a Driver’s Education course consisting of classroom and hands-on training.
It is necessary to pass a road test. Holders of a Class D license are restricted to the following restrictions:
- You are not permitted to operate a motor vehicle between the hours of 12:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m.
- During the first six months after issuance, you are not permitted to operate a motor vehicle with any passenger who is not a member of the driver’s immediate family (defined as the license holder’s parents and step-parents, grandparents, siblings and step-siblings, children, and any other person who lives at the license holder’s residence)
- During the second six months
A vehicle combination with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, providing the GVWR of the vehicle(s) being towed is greater than 10,000 pounds, is classified as Class E (non-commercial). This category includes cars classified in Classes F and C. When applying, you must be at least 18 years old, pass a knowledge and competence exam, and have a valid Class C driver’s license in your possession. Vehicles in Class F (non-commercial) have a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, or they are towing another vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds.
When applying, you must be at least 18 years old, pass a knowledge and competence exam, and have a valid Class C driver’s license in your possession.
Riders must be at least 16 years old and have completed the driver’s education program described for Class D license, or they must be 17 years old.
A person at least 21 years of age who is licensed for the class of vehicle being operated, who occupies the front seat alongside the driver, and who is fit and capable of exerting control over the vehicle are required to be present when a class A or B vehicle is driven.
- Mopeds – A moped is any motor-driven cycle with an engine with a cubic capacity of less than 50 cubic centimeters (3.05 cubic inches) that is capable of propelling the cycle at a speed of not more than 30 miles per hour (MPH) and does not need clutching or shifting. Mopeds are free from the requirements for registration and licensing that apply to other types of motor vehicles.
- The following are the rules for riding mopeds on Georgia’s roads and highways:
- Applicants must be at least 15 years old and in possession of a valid driver’s license, instructional license, or restricted permit. It is necessary to wear protective equipment (a motorcycle helmet)
- There is no need for a tag. Every individual using a moped on a public route is required to follow the same traffic regulations as apply to drivers of motor vehicles. It is not permitted to travel on restricted access highways or other roads where the minimum speed limit is more than 35 mph.
- A low-speed vehicle is any four-wheeled electric vehicle whose top speed attainable in one mile is greater than 20 miles per hour but not greater than 25 miles per hour on a paved level surface, and which is manufactured in accordance with the federal motor vehicle safety standards for low-speed vehicles set forth in 49 C.F.R. Section 571.500 and in effect on January 1, 2001
- The following are the rules for driving low-speed vehicles on Georgia roads and highways: Drivers of low-speed vehicles must follow the Uniform Rules of the Road, with the exception of those that cannot apply to such vehicles because of their nature:
- A lane is reserved for all low-speed vehicles, and no motor vehicle should be operated in such a way that any low-speed vehicle is denied the full use of a lane
- In order to avoid overtaking and passing in the same lane as the car being overtaken, a low-speed vehicle must be driven at a slower pace. It is unlawful for anybody to operate a low-speed vehicle across lanes of traffic, or between neighboring lines or rows of automobiles. The operation of low-speed vehicles in a single lane should not be done more than two abreast
- Low-speed vehicles are only permitted to be used on highways when the official speed limit does not exceed 35 miles per hour. When operating a low-speed vehicle on a highway with a stated speed limit greater than 35 miles per hour, the operator must comply with the following requirements:
Note that drivers of such cars must possess a current driver’s license.
Driver License Classes and Types
Depending on the “class,” licenses are awarded in the following categories: graduated (G), operator (D), motorcycle (M), commercial (A, B, C). Whenever a Class M license is paired with any other class of license, the Class M license will be appended as an endorsement to the rear of the present license, unless otherwise specified.
Operator License (Class D)
Drivers with an operator license are able to operate any vehicle that does not need a motorcycle or commercial driver’s license. To be eligible to apply for an operator license, you must be at least 18 years old.
Motorcycle License (Class M)
To operate a motorbike or motor-driven cycle, you must have a motorcycle license or endorsement (L or M) on your driving license. To apply for a motorbike license, you must be at least 16 years old.
Commercial Driver License (Class A, B or C)
For drivers of heavyweight vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, vehicles hauling a trailer with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,001 lbs.
or more where the combined GVWR is 26,001 lbs. or more, vehicles capable of transporting 16 or more passengers (including the driver), or vehicles required to be placarded for hazardous materials, a commercial driver license (CDL) is required.
Graduated Driver License (Class G)
If you are at least 16 years old but less than 18 years old, you will be awarded a graduated driver license that will let you to operate any vehicle that does not need a motorcycle or commercial driver license with certain limits on your driving. Schools in Arizona that provide professional driver instruction may be found on this page.
Driver License Types
A valid Arizona Travel ID is the only credential that conforms with the federal REAL ID Act of 2005, which was passed in 2005. In addition to the driver’s license, it is also available as an identification card. Only the Arizona Travel ID (driver’s license or ID card), a United States passport, and other federally recognized identification will be allowed at TSA airport security checkpoints for domestic travel beginning on May 3, 2023.
Teenagers who have reached the age of 15 years and six months may be eligible to receive a graduated and/or motorcycle instruction license. An accompanying licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and who occupies the seat alongside the driver is required for the beneficiary. These permissions are good for a period of twelve months. There is also a permission for a commercial driver’s license. To be eligible, applicants must be at least 18 years old. These are good for six months from the date of purchase.
Under 21 Driver License
The license is in a vertical style, and it includes the date on which the licensee will become 21 years old.
License Types & Restrictions
In Pennsylvania, driver’s licenses are given based on the class and kind of vehicle that you operate, rather than your age. So the sort of driver’s license you need relies on the type of car you drive, and not the other way around. In general, the vast majority of people who apply for a Pennsylvania driver’s license will be drivers of normal passenger automobiles, pickup trucks, or vans, according to statistics.
Classes of Driver’s Licenses
- In order to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, and if the vehicle(s) being towed is/are in excess of 10,000 pounds, a CLASS A (minimum age of 18) is required. Using the following example: Recreational Vehicle, the towing vehicle has a weight rating of 11,000 pounds and the vehicle being towed has weight rating of 15,500 pounds (for a total combined weight of 26,500 pounds)
- CLASS B (minimum age of 18): This class is required to drive any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of 26,000 pounds. As an illustration, motor homes weighing at least 26,001 pounds are permitted. CLASS C (requires a minimum age of 16): People 16 years of age or older who have proved their credentials to operate any vehicle, with the exception of those needing a Class M qualification, and who do not fulfill the requirements of Class A or Class B will be awarded a Class C driver’s license, which will be valid for one year. Firefighters and members of rescue or emergency squads who have a Class C driver’s license and a certificate of authorization from a fire chief or the head of the rescue or emergency squad will be authorized to operate any fire or emergency vehicle registered to their respective fire department, rescue or emergency squad, or municipality (emergency use only). Class C driver’s license holders are authorized to operate a motor-driven cycle with an automatic transmission and cylinder capacity of 50 cubic centimeters (ccs) or less, a 3-wheeled motorcycle with an enclosed cab, or an autocycle. CLASS M (minimum age 16): A Class M driver’s license will be issued to those individuals 16 years of age or older who have demonstrated their ability to operate a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle. Someone who is certified to operate only motorcycles or motor-driven cycles will receive a Class M driver’s license, which is the most restrictive type of license available. If you take your driving test on a motor-driven cycle, you will have a “8” limitation placed on your driver’s license. You are not permitted to operate a motorbike due to this limitation. If you take your driving test on a three-wheeled motorbike, you will have a “9” limitation placed on your driver’s license. You are not permitted to operate a two-wheeled motorbike under this limitation.
According to Section 1512 of the Pennsylvania Vehicle Code, the Department has the authority to impose driving restrictions that are appropriate for the licensee’s driving ability when special equipment is required to be installed on a motor vehicle or when other restrictions are necessary to ensure the safe operation of a motor vehicle. Medical Restrictions and how they are applied: 1 -When driving, the license holder is required to wear corrective lenses (glasses or contacts). Two mirrors on either side of the vehicle are required for compliance with this requirement.
In order to operate a vehicle equipped with dual controls (right side brake pedal), a permit holder must have a licensed driver trainer in the passenger seat at all times.
The bearer of a Z-Motorbike learner’s permit is only permitted to operate a motorcycle during daylight hours, which are from dawn to sunset (no night riding)
Commercial Driver’s Licenses
- CLASS A (minimum age 18): A Class A license is issued to those individuals who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, provided that the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds, and who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more. Holders of Class A licenses are permitted to operate cars for which a Class B or Class C license has been given. It is necessary to secure suitable endorsements when they are required. Classes A and B licenses are issued to those who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, or any such vehicle towing another vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 10,000 pounds, and who are at least 18 years old. It is possible for the bearer of a Class B license to operate cars for which a Class C license has been given. It is necessary to secure suitable endorsements when they are required. Classes A and B vehicles are exempt from the requirement for a Class C license. A Class C license is issued to individuals 18 years of age or older who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 26,000 pounds or any combination of vehicles, except combination vehicles that include motorcycles, that does not meet the definition of a Class A or Class B vehicle. It is necessary to secure suitable endorsements when they are required.
NOTE:To operate a Commercial Motor Vehicle on an interstate highway, you must be 21 years of age or older, whichever is greater (traveling between two or more states). This applies to ALL levels of education.
Commercial EndorsementsThe following authorizations are required when operating vehicles of the type listed:
H- Permits the driver to operate a vehicle that is transporting hazardous chemicals on public roads. N- Approves the use of tank vehicles. P- Approves the operation of vehicles transporting people. Drivers of school buses are given the authority to operate them under the letter S. T- Permits a Class A driver to tow double and triple trailers with one vehicle. An X represents a combination of approvals for hazardous chemicals and tank vehicles.
You are not permitted to operate the following types of vehicles due to the following restrictions: A- Restricts the motorist to only driving in accordance with 49 CFR 391.62(c) (relating to limited exemptions for intra-city zone drivers). Driving a commercial motor vehicle with a manual gearbox is prohibited under Section E of the Code of Criminal Procedure. G- Indicates that the individual meets the requirements of 49 CFR 391.62. (e). K– Restricts the driver’s ability to drive just inside the state.
- Driving a class A passenger car is prohibited under M*.
- (This was once a “C” limitation) Truck tractor-trailer combo driving is prohibited for Class A drivers under the code O.
- Q- Requires the driver to use corrective glasses while behind the wheel.
- X– Prohibits the transportation of goods by tank vehicles (will appear on commercial learner permit only).
- Z– It is unlawful to operate a commercial motor vehicle with fully compressed air brakes.
What Are the Different Types of Driver’s License Classes?
Obtaining a driver’s license is a luxury that many people in the United States perceive to be a significant achievement. Along with the freedom to drive lawfully, a driver’s license also serves as a means for drivers to confirm their identity, residence, as well as their date of birth and age, among other things. Any time you spend any length of time on the roads of the United States, you’ll observe a variety of various vehicles, including buses, motorbikes, and trucks, among others. A variety of driver’s license classes are available in the United States, allowing drivers to operate a wide range of various types of motor vehicles across the country with their license.
Class M – Motorcycle
Driving a motorbike or moped requires a Class M driving license, which is available for purchase. Other motorized two-wheel vehicles that require an operator’s license are included in this category as well.
A Class M license may only be obtained by drivers who are at least 16 years old in the majority of states. Every state, on the other hand, has its own set of regulations governing the acquisition of a Class M license.
Class MJ – Junior Motorcycle
The Class MJ driver’s license, like the Class M license, is exclusively valid for motorized two-wheel vehicles such as motorcycles, mopeds, and other similar vehicles. However, it is only available to junior drivers, as indicated by the letter ‘J’. Aside from that, Class MJ permits are only available in the state of New York.
Class DJ – Junior Driver
Class DJ driver licenses are similar to Class MJ driver licenses in that they are exclusively issued to junior drivers under the age of twenty-one. They are not just for motorbikes, but for all passenger automobiles and trucks as well. The state of New York will require all underage drivers to receive one of these licenses at some point over the course of their driver’s license application process. Despite the fact that the licensing class has some limits, it is for many pupils their first experience driving on their own.
Class E – TaxiLivery
The majority of Class E licenses are awarded to persons who are 18 years old or older and want to operate in the taxi and livery industries. The designation of Class E driver’s license allows the holder to operate passenger automobiles, lorries, and big vans that can accommodate up to 14 passengers. Rider-hailing drivers are free from the Class E requirement in the majority of states, and will simply need to get a basic operators license in order to provide this service.
Class CClass D – Standard Driver’s License
If all you want to do is drive a conventional vehicle or truck around for school and work, a class D or class C license is most likely the best option for you. Depending on where you are in the country, the two can be used interchangeably rather easily. The average age varies depending on where you live. In jurisdictions such as Maine, drivers as young as 16 years old are able to apply for a driver’s license.
Class B – Buses and Recreational Vehicle
An operator’s license for buses and recreational vehicles (class B commercial driver’s license) is required. It also permits drivers to tow another car that does not weigh more than 10,000 pounds behind their own vehicle.
The class A license provides drivers with the advantages of both the class B and class C/D licenses. Distinct states have different criteria and processes for getting different types of driver’s licenses, and each state has a somewhat different approach. You are, however, permitted to own more than one if the situation calls for it. Whether you’re in the market for a new automobile, motorbike, or moped, be sure to read our guide to establish which license class is best for you before making your purchase.
You’ll have everything you need to ace your test.
Types of CDL Licenses: A, B, and C Licenses Covered
If you want to drive large, heavy, or placarded hazardous material trucks in the United States for business purposes, you’ll need a commercial driver’s license (CDL). There are various distinct types of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) that require a driver to have a valid commercial driver’s license in order to operate them safely. CDL drivers with one of these license classes are in high demand among employers, therefore we recommend that you obtain the license class you require before applying for your ideal job.
For example, you can drive trucks that contain flammable liquids, explosives, or radioactive substances if your endorsement is Passenger (P).
To be eligible for an endorsement, you must first pass a specialized knowledge exam and, if applicable, a specialized driving skills examination.
In order to be eligible for a School Bus (S) endorsement, you must also pass a rigorous background investigation. From the convenience of your own home, you may receive professionalCDL instruction. Guaranteed to pass.
CDL License Classes Overview (February 2022):
|Type of License||Description||Vehicles You May Drive|
|Class A CDL||Required to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 or more pounds, provided the towed vehicle is heavier than 10,000 pounds.||Tractor-trailers (also known as Semi, Big Rig or 18-wheeler), Truck and trailer combinations, Tanker vehicles, Livestock carriers, Flatbeds. Most Class B and Class C vehicles, depending on endorsement requirements|
|Class B CDL||Required to operate any single vehicle that isn’t hitched to a trailer (commercial trucks that have an attached cab and cargo area with a combined weight greater than 26,000 pounds, as well as trucks with a detached towed cargo vehicle that weighs less than 10,000 pounds).||Straight trucks, Large buses (city buses, tourist buses, and school buses), Segmented buses, Box trucks (including delivery trucks and furniture trucks), Dump trucks with small trailers. Some Class C vehicles with the correct endorsements.|
|Class C CDL||Required to operate a single vehicle with GVWR of less than 26,001 pounds or a vehicle towing another vehicle that weighs less than 10,000 pounds, or transports 16 or more passengers, including the driver.||Double/Tripe Trailers, Buses, Tank Trucks, HazMat Vehicles|
The following is a list of all of the Commercial Driver’s License courses available.
What is a Class A CDL?
In order to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combined weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, a Class A commercial driver’s license is necessary, provided that the towed vehicle weighs more than 10,000 pounds. Having a Class A CDL and the appropriate endorsements allows you to operate the following types of commercial vehicles:
- Tractor-trailers, truck-and-trailer combos, tank vehicles, livestock carriers, and flatbeds are all examples of commercial vehicles.
The following image is courtesy of: tractor-trailer with flatbed trailer Your CDL Class A license may also enable you to drive some Class B and Class C vehicles if you have the appropriate endorsements.
What is a Class B CDL?
If you are driving a single vehicle with a gross combined weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, or if you are towing a vehicle not weighing more than 10,000 pounds, you will need a Class B commercial drivers license. You can operate the following types of trucks with a Class B CDL and the proper endorsements:
- Straight trucks, large passenger buses, segmented buses, box trucks, dump trucks with tiny trailers, tractor-trailers, and other types of vehicles
A young guy boards a passenger bus operated by the Houston Area Rapid Transit (HART) (image credit) Your Class B CDL may also allow you to operate select Class C vehicles if you have the appropriate endorsements on your license.
What is a Class C CDL?
The use of any commercial vehicle designed to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver) or to transport hazardous materials (HazMat), which are items that are defined as dangerous under federal law, necessitates the possession of a Class C commercial driver’s license. The following types of vehicles are permissible to drive with a Class C CDL and the appropriate endorsements:
- Small HazMat vehicles, passenger vans, and combination vehicles that are not protected by Classes A or B are examples of vehicles that fall into this category.
Sodium Hydroxide Solution transported in a HazMat tanker truck (image credit)
What is a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL)?
To operate commercial motor vehicles (CMVs), such as tractor-trailers, semi-trucks, dump trucks, and passenger buses, you must have a Commercial Driver’s License. If you want to work on the road rather than in an office, you’ll almost certainly require a commercial driver’s license. It is determined by the type of CDL you hold that the types of vehicles you are licensed to drive are classified as follows: Class A, Class B, and Class C. The gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of the vehicle, as well as other special regulations, are also taken into consideration in CDL categorization.
Prior to 1986, however, several states let anybody with an automobile driver’s license to operate a commercial motor vehicle.
The Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act was signed into law on October 27, 1986, by President Ronald Reagan.
In addition to guaranteeing that bus drivers and big truck operators receive extensive training and certification, this law has made a substantial contribution to increased highway safety.
What is a Commercial Learner’s Permit (CLP)?
A commercial learner’s permit (CLP) is a permit issued by your state that allows you to get experience driving a commercial motor vehicle while still in school.
In order to obtain a commercial driver’s license, you must first complete the CLP application process.
How to Get a CDL
The normal minimum age to apply for a CDL is 21 years old. Some states, however, enable drivers between the ages of 18 and 20 to apply for a CDL that is valid in only one state. A single-state CDL permits a driver to operate a commercial vehicle exclusively inside the state in which the driver resides (intrastatedriving). When the driver reaches the age of 21, the limitation is immediately lifted. You may apply for a CDL at your local Department of Motor Vehicles office. To earn a commercial driver’s license, you must follow tight federal rules, and each state has its own set of regulations that must be satisfied as well.
Types of Florida Driver’s Licenses
StateofFlorida.com is not associated with, owned by, or run by the State of Florida, and it does not represent or imply any endorsement or approval by the State of Florida in any manner whatsoever. Visit MyFlorida.com for more information. Driver’s licenses are issued by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (FLHSMV) in a variety of configurations. In most cases, teen drivers must first obtain their learner’s permit before obtaining a Class E license, which is reserved for those who operate noncommercial cars.
Automobile drivers who want to ride a motorbike must apply for a motorcycle endorsement to be added to their Class E license, and various endorsements are available for different types of vehicles.
Class E Driver’s License
The Class E driver’s license is the most common type of driver’s license for persons who drive their own cars. A noncommercial vehicle that weighs less than 26,001 pounds is allowed to be driven under this permit. These are some examples:
- Drivers who operate personal automobiles are required to have a Class E license, which is the industry norm. A noncommercial vehicle that weighs less than 26,001 pounds is allowed to be driven on this endorsement. Examples of such items are:
Class E Learner’s License
The learner’s permit for a Class E learner’s license is also known as a learner’s permit. Drivers who have obtained their learner’s permit:
- The driver can only operate a vehicle weighing no more than 8,000 pounds. You are not permitted to use a motorbike. In the passenger seat, there must be a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old. You will be able to drive only during daylight hours for the first three months after receiving your permit. Driving privileges are extended after the first three months till 10:00 p.m.
Class E Learner’s License
You may finish the four-hour DATA course entirely online, utilizing a computer, laptop, tablet, or smartphone as your device. If you currently hold a learner’s permit, you have already completed the required drug and alcohol education course. Additionally, if you now hold or formerly held a driver’s license from another state, nation, or jurisdiction, you are not needed to attend the training course.
If you have a Class E driver’s license, you can apply to have a motorcycle endorsement added to your license, which would enable you to ride a motorbike on public roads. It is necessary to complete the following conditions in order to obtain a motorbike endorsement:
- Complete the BasicRider Course (BRC) or the BasicRider Course updated (BRCU) from an authorized course provider to learn the fundamentals of motorcycle operation. To obtain your motorbike endorsement, go to a driver’s license department with correct identification and pay the money within one year after finishing the course.
Visit theFLHSMV Sites page for a comprehensive list of FLHSMV locations.
Motorcycle-Only Driver’s License
Obtaining a motorcycle-only endorsement on your driver’s license is an option if you do not desire to operate a motor vehicle. The following are the prerequisites must be met:
- A passing score on the standardClass E Knowledge Test is required. To get a learner’s permit, you must be under the age of eighteen but at least sixteen years old and have no traffic offenses for at least one year. An authorized course provider must deliver a BRC or BRCU motorcycle safety course. When applying for a motorcyclist-only endorsement, you must visit a driver’s license branch with correct identification and pay the required price
Commercial Driver’s Licenses
To operate commercial vehicles such as semi-trucks and buses, you must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL). CDLs are divided into three categories:
- It is legal to drive a truck with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of up to 26,001 pounds if you are in Class A. It is suitable for you to use this license if you need to tow a trailer or vehicle that weighs more than 10,000 pounds and the combined weight of your car and trailer does not exceed 26,001 pounds. Class B permits the operation of a straight truck with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more. Class C permits you to drive a vehicle that delivers hazardous items in quantities that necessitate the use of a placard. It also permits you to operate a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of less than 26,001 pounds that is used to transport more than 15 passengers.
Class E license holders are permitted to operate some vehicles that would otherwise necessitate the use of a commercial driver’s license (CDL), such as emergency vehicles. Some vehicles, such as school buses and tanker trucks, need the usage of specific endorsements in order to operate. For further information, visit the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles’ website on licensing classes and endorsements.
Driver’s License Restrictions
There are a variety of reasons why a license might be limited. If you do not adhere to the limitations on your driver’s license, you may be issued a penalty or have your driving privileges suspended. Your driver’s license has a series of codes that signify the restrictions you are subject to. If you drive in code A, for example, you must always wear corrective lenses, such as glasses or contacts, while you are on the road. For a complete list of limitations, please refer to theOfficial Florida Driver License Handbook.
It will prevent you from driving to and from work, as well as to and from certain other places for business purposes.
License Classes, Endorsements & Designations
In this class are noncommercial motor vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of less than 26,001 pounds, which includes automobiles and vans that seat 15 people or fewer, trucks, and recreational vehicles, as well as two or three wheel motor vehicles with a capacity of 50cc or less, such as mopeds or small scooters. CLASS E: (See the section below.) Those who are exempt from acquiring a commercial driver’s license, such as farmers and drivers of certified emergency vehicles, must obtain a Class E driver’s license instead.
- Unless accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and occupies the front passenger seat, or unless the driver is traveling to or from work, 16 year olds are only permitted to drive between the hours of 6 a.m. and 11 p.m. The driving hours for 17-year-olds are restricted to between 5 a.m. and 1 a.m. unless they are accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and occupies the front passenger seat, or the driver is commuting to or from employment.
Vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of less than 8,000 pounds are classified as Class ELearner’s License.
- The following are the requirements for obtaining a learner’s permit:
- Must have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old in the closest seat to the driver’s right
- Can only drive during daylight hours for the first three months following the initial issuance date and until 10:00 p.m. after that
- And Are not permitted to operate motorbikes during this time period.
MOTOCYCLE ALSO or MOTOCYCLE ONLY will show on the front of a driver’s license under the expiration date for people who are permitted to operate a motorcycle: MOTORCYCLE ALSO or MOTOCYCLE ONLY Qualifications in the past If you have a motorcycle license, the following abbreviation will show on the front of your driving license under the expiration date: “MOTORCYCLE ALSO,” “MOTORCYCLE ONLY,” or something similar.
The introduction of a new credential Unlike on the current Florida driver license, which will be accessible in certain regions starting in August 2017, the new credential will not have motorcycle endorsements shown on the front of the license.
Motorcycle Only endorsements are denoted by a ” O ” in the endorsement field (“END”).
A ” A-MTRCL Also ” or ” O-MTRCL Only ” is also printed on the reverse of the card in the endorsement field (“END”) to indicate that they are included. For additional information on how to earn a motorcycle endorsement, please visit this page.
Important information and help for military servicemembers and their families may be found on this website.
Commercial Driver Licenses (CDL)
trucks or truck combinations weighing 26,001 lbs. or more and having a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of 26,001 lbs. or more, as long as the towed vehicle weighs more than 10,000 lbs. Straight trucks weighing 26,001 lbs. Gross Vehicle Weight Rating or more are classified as CLASS B. Transportation of placardable quantities of hazardous chemicals or vehicles designed to transport more than 15 passengers, including the driver, with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 26,001 lbs are classified as Class C vehicles.
The following individuals are excluded from the criteria for obtaining a commercial driver’s license in the state of California:
- Drivers of authorized emergency vehicles that are equipped with extraordinary audible warning devices that flash red or blue lights and are on call to respond to emergencies
- Or, military personnel driving military vehicles
- Or, farmers transporting farm supplies or farm machinery, or transporting agricultural products to or from the first point of storage or processing, or transporting agricultural products directly to or from market, within 150 miles of their farm
- Or, drivers of recreational vehicles
Driver License Restrictions, Endorsements and Designations
|Current Restriction Codes to New Restriction Codes Conversion|
|Current Standard||Added to driver licenses prior to 2019||New Standard||Added to driver license on or after 2019||Explanation|
|1||Vehicle W/O Air Brakes||L||No Air Brake Equipped CMV||(CDL) Vehicles without Air brakes: Restricts a CDL holder from operating any commercial vehicle with air brakes.|
|2||(CDL) Intrastate Only||K||CDL Intrastate Only||(CDL) Intrastate Only: The CDL holder is limited to operating a commercial vehicle within the state of Florida.|
|3||(CDL) Bus Only||N/A||No longer issued as of 10/06/17|
|4||CMV26,001 LBS GVWR||N/A||No longer issued as of 10/06/17|
|5||No Tractor / Trailer||O||No Tractor – Trailer CMV||(CDL) No Tractor/Trailer: Restricts a CDL holder from operating a Class A tractor-trailer vehicle.|
|6||No Class A Passenger Vehicle||M||No Class A Passenger Vehicle||(CDL) No Class A Passenger Vehicle: Restricts a Class A CDL holder from operating Class A passenger vehicles.|
|7||No Class B Passenger Vehicle||N||No Class A or B Passenger Vehicle||(CDL) No Class B Passenger Vehicle: Restricts Class A or Class B CDL holders from operating Class B passenger vehicles.|
|A||Corrective Lenses||B||Corrective Lenses||Corrective Lenses: The driver must wear contact lenses or glasses to meet vision requirements.|
|B||Outside Rearview Mirror||F||Outside Mirror||Outside Rearview Mirror: An outside rearview mirror must be affixed to the left side of any vehicle driven by a driver with this restriction.|
|C||Business Purpose Only||1||Business Purposes Only||Business Purposes Only: The driver is limited to driving which is necessary to maintain livelihood, including driving to and from work, necessary on-the-job driving, driving for educational purposes, driving to and from church, or for medical purposes.|
|D||Employment Purposes||H||Limited to Employment||Employment Purposes Only: The driver is limited to driving to and from work and any necessary on-the-job driving required by an employer or occupation.|
|E||Daylight Driving Only||G||Limited to Daylight Only||Daylight Driving Only: The driver is limited to daylight driving only.|
|F||Automatic Transmission||4||No Manual Transmission||Automatic Transmission: The driver is restricted from operating a standard transmission vehicle.|
|G||Power Steering||5||Power Steering||Power Steering: The driver is limited to operating vehicles with power steering.|
|I||Directional Signals||6||Directional Signals||Directional Signals: The driver may not operate any vehicle without functioning turn signals.|
|J||Grip on Steering Wheel||7||Grip on Steering Wheel||Grip on Steering Wheel: The driver is limited todriving a vehicle that has a grip or knob affixed to the steering wheel|
|K||Hearing Aid||9||Hearing Aid||Hearing Aid: This restriction is placed on a commercial driver license (CDL) and requires the driver to wear a hearing aid during the operation of a vehicle.|
|L||Seat Cushion||N/A||No longer issued as of 10/06/17|
|N||Left Foot Accelerator||8||Left foot Accelerator||Left Foot Accelerator: The driver is required to use a left foot accelerator.|
|P||Probation Interlock Device||2||Probation Interlock||Probation-Ignition Interlock Device: The driver is limited to operating a vehicle that has an ignition interlock device installed.|
|R||Restricted||N/A||No longer issued as of 10/06/17|
|T||No Passenger on Motorcycle||N/A||No longer issued as of 10/06/17|
|S||Other Restriction||I||Limited Other Restriction||Other Restriction|
|X||Medical Alert Bracelet||3||Medical Alert Bracelet||Medical Alert Bracelet: The driver must wear a medical alert bracelet while operating a motor vehicle.|
|Y||Educational Purposes||N/A||No longer issued as of 10/06/17|
|Q||No Class A School Bus Vehicle|
|R||No Class A or B School Bus Vehicle|
A number of limitations on Florida driver licenses have been lifted, including the following:
- Seat Cushion
- No Passengers on Motorcycle
- Education Purposes
- (CDL) Bus Only
- CMV26,001 LBS. GVWR
- Seat Cushion
These limits will remain in effect for previously issued credentials, but they will no longer be applied to any new credentials that are issued in the future. Endorsements
|A||A–MTRCL Also||Motorcycle Also: Allows a rider, holding a valid Florida driver license, to operate a motorcycle, in addition to any other motor vehicles for which they are already licensed.|
|H||H–HazMat||(CDL) Placarded HazMat: Allows a CDL holder to operate a vehicle transporting hazardous materials in placardable amounts.|
|N||N–Tanker||Tank Vehicle: Allows CDL holder to operate a tank vehicle designed to transport any liquid or gaseous material with designed capacity of 1,000 gallons or more.|
|O||O–MTRCL Only||Motorcycle Only: Specifies that a rider is restricted to operating a motorcycle only.|
|P||P– 15 Passengers||(CDL) Passengers: Allows a CDL holder to operate any vehicle, public or private, designed to transport more than 15 persons, including the driver.|
|S||S–School Bus||(CDL) School Bus: Allows a CDL holder to operate a commercial motor vehicle designed to transport pre-primary, primary or secondary school students from home to school, from school to home, or to and from school-sponsored events. This endorsement does not include the operation of a bus used as a common carrier.|
|T||T–Dbl/Trpl Trailers||(CDL) Combination Vehicle with Double/Triple Trailers: Allows a CDL holder to operate vehicles with double or triple trailers.|
|X||X–HM+Tanker||(CDL) Endorsement H and N: Allows a CDL holder to operate any tank vehicle and/or transport|
Designations Other designations may be mentioned on Florida driver licenses and identification cards in a variety of places.