K Restriction-Intrastate Only This restriction means that the driver is only allowed to drive within the state that issued them the CDL. No interstate driving of a commercial vehicle is allowed with this restriction.
What is a K restriction on a CDL license?
- K Restriction. This is the “Commercial Driver’s License Intrastate” restriction. This restriction applies to a Commercial Driver’s License only, for customers under the age of 21. This restriction will display on a license as: CDL Limit to Intrastate Only (under age 21)
How do you remove K restriction from CDL in Ohio?
If you have a K restriction, you must obtain a vision waiver from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration to drive for a company regulated by the Public Commission Utilities of Ohio.
How do I get my K restriction off my CDL in Oklahoma?
Do I have to do a pre-trip to remove a restriction? If a drive test is required then you must get a permit, hold it for the full 14 days, and then do all three parts of the CDL Skills Test. The only exception to this is for removing the restriction E-automatic transmission.
What is K restriction on NY CDL?
In New York State a K restriction means that the Commercial Driver can only operate his vehicle within NYS or in other words INTRA-State only. However, please remember that this does not mean that you do not need a Medical Examiner’s Certificate.
What is K restriction?
K Restriction-Intrastate Only This restriction means that the driver is only allowed to drive within the state that issued them the CDL. No interstate driving of a commercial vehicle is allowed with this restriction. If you plan on driving in and out of different states you need to stay away from this restriction.
Can I keep my CDL without a medical card in Ohio?
Ohio CDL holders who drive across state lines, or transport freight that crosses state lines, have to submit a medical examiner’s certificate to the BMV under new regulations adopted by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in 2012.
What is AK restriction on a Oklahoma CDL?
NOTE: If you use this category your license will have a “K” restriction. This means you will NOT be able to cross state lines at ANY time: Now or in the future, until the K restriction is removed from your license. (Even with an emergency condition where waivers are present).
What does N mean on CDL?
N. Tank Endorsement, A CLP holder with an “N” endorsement may only operate an empty tank vehicle, and is prohibited from operating any tank vehicle that previously contained hazardous materials that have not been purged of any residue.
How do you get a restriction B off your license in Texas?
The B restriction in Texas is a provisional “learners” permit. It requires a fully licensed driver to be in the front passenger seat. This restriction usually means you have only taken the written test portion of the exam and will be removed when you successfully pass the driving portion of the exam.
How do I remove corrective lens restrictions from my license in Texas?
If you have a restriction on your driver’s license that requires the wearing of glasses or contact lenses you must return to the Department of Public Safety and retake the DPS vision test to have the restriction removed off your drivers license.
What does B mean on driving Licence?
The category B licence lets you drive a motor vehicle with a maximum weight of up to 3,500kg, it can’t have more than eight passenger seats. If you want to use a trailer the most it can weigh without additional hassle is 750kg.
What is restriction 64?
64 E Class A/B limited to vehicles with automatic transmission (CDL only). 66 P Restricted from operating a CMV bus with passengers (CLP only). 70 X Restricted from operating a CMV tank vehicle with cargo (CLP only).
What is a A3 restriction?
If you operate only in Excepted Interstate or Excepted Intrastate operations, you are not required to hold a USDOT Medical Examiner’s Certificate. Certifying to an excepted operation (Ei/EA) will result in the A3- Med Cert Exempt restriction being placed on your CDL.
How do I take the E restriction off my CDL?
You must visit the DMV and submit the application to remove the “E” Restriction and pay the proper fee. You will also need to retake again the Road Test (known as the Commercial Driving Test) on a truck with manual transmission. Makes sure to bring a manual transmission truck, the DMV will not provide one for you).
Notice of final determination; approval of the exemption application “K” intrastate limitation on commercial driver’s licenses (CDLs) held by custom harvester drivers operating in interstate commerce has been lifted by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). The exception was granted to the U.S. Custom Harvesters, Inc. (USCHI). Exceptions are made in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) for drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) controlled and operated by a person engaged in interstate customs harvesting, including the requirement that drivers be at least 21 years old, from the requirements of the FMCSRs.
Consequently, drivers of USCHI member businesses have been cited during roadside inspections in other states, as the “K” limitation indicates that the license is illegal outside of its state of issue, even if the younger driver is working under the custom harvester exemption in the other state.
Drivers License Restriction Codes TX
The state of Texas may impose limits on your driving privileges in order to ensure that the roadways are safe for everyone – including you and your passengers. Motor vehicles have the potential to be harmful at any time, and if the DPS determines that you pose a particular risk due to the type of driving you undertake, they may decide that your license should be limited. It is not need to be concerned because most Texas limitations codes are just temporary and may be removed if you do the necessary measures.
Many of these are only applicable to commercial drivers.
It is a component of the graded licensing scheme, which is intended to minimize teen driving deaths, which are the primary cause of death among those under the age of 25.
Provisional licenses are subject to many of the same criteria as class B licenses, however they are automatically revoked after one year of use.
Restriction Codes Are as Follows:
- A: When using corrective glasses
- B: When a licensed driver 21 years of age or older is in the front seat
- C: When driving during the day only
- D: No more than 45 miles per hour
- E: No driving on the expressway
- F: You must have a valid learners permit till (date) to participate. I M/C: Not to be more than 250 cc. J: A licensed M/C operator who is at least 21 years old is in sight. K: A motorcycle
- L: Vehicle without air brakes – this classification applies to vehicles requiring a CDL. CDL Intrastate Commerce only
- M: CDL Intrastate Commerce only N: The use of an ignition interlock is necessary. Occupation-specific license
- P: This is stated on the license
- The following terms are used: Q: Licensed Operator in Front Seat (LOFS) 21 or over vehicle above Class B
- R: Licensed Operator in Front Seat (LOFS 21 or over vehicle above Class C)
- S: An external mirror or a hearing aid
- T stands for automatic transmission. U: Prosthetic devices that are applicable
- V: Vehicle devices that are applicable. Power steering is represented by the letter W.
How to Remove Restrictions from Your Drivers License
Each kind of limitation has its own set of requirements that must be met in order for it to be lifted. It is only with the passage of time that the condition of youth may be met, and those with permanent impairments will have to learn to live with a restricted license. Others, on the other hand, can meet the requirements with a little amount of effort and documentation. Using the example of Restriction T, which needs an automatic gearbox, it is possible to get the restriction lifted if the driver passes the Texas drivers test while properly using the clutch.
8 Most Common CDL Restriction Codes And What They Mean – CDL Training Spot
Ideally, you should have as few, if any, of the eight most prevalent CDL limitations as feasible on your CDL. Having a limitation implies that you are restricted in the kind of vehicles and/or equipment that you are permitted to use. Throughout this post, I’ll go over all you need to know about the eight most frequent commercial driver’s license limitations, including how they might affect your driving career. First and foremost, you must be familiar with the most frequent types of CDL limitations.
Some states do have extra limits, which is why I recommend that you double-check with your state’s regulations as well.
This occurs when one of the following events occurs:
- You do not pass the written examination for the air brakes endorsement. Obtain a failing grade on the pre-trip vehicle inspection test for the air brakes
- Continue to drive a commercial vehicle that does not have a full air brake system throughout the duration of the road driving test.
It is possible that you will be required to pass an air brakes written exam, a pre-trip inspection, and the basic skills and driving tests using a vehicle that has either a full or partial brake system in order to be released from this limitation. It is also prohibited for the driver to operate a commercial vehicle equipped with a full air brake system under the Z limitation. This occurs if any of the following events occurred: The driver successfully passed the tests in a vehicle equipped with an auxiliary air system or a hydraulic system.
- The driver is prohibited from operating automobiles with manual gearboxes as a result of this limitation.
- Avoid taking your driving exams in a car with an automatic gearbox since the chances of you working for a firm that has automatic transmission automobiles are extremely low.
- The driver is not authorized to operate a semi-trailer unless they finish the fundamental skills and road driving exam in a semi-trailer or truck-trailer.
- This signifies that the driver has a Class A commercial driver’s license, but he or she obtained his or her passenger or school bus endorsement while driving a Class B vehicle.
- The N limitation indicates that the driver has a Class B commercial driver’s license but acquired his or her school bus or passenger endorsement while driving a Class C vehicle.
- This is the only limitation that applies inside a state.
- With this limitation, commercial vehicle drivers are not permitted to drive over state lines.
This is the most recent CDL limitation to be implemented.
A medical waiver is frequently required for diabetics, people who have hearing problems, people who have seizures, and people who have vision problems, and the waiver must be sent directly from the medical examiner to the DMV.
As long as you have a medical variance, you will be required to have the V limitation on your commercial driver’s license.
For further information, please consult to your state’s CDL handbook (found here).
It is suggested that you take the basic skills and road driving exam while driving the business vehicle for which you are attempting to obtain a commercial driver’s license.
If you successfully complete the exams while driving an automatic gearbox, the E Restriction will be put on your CDL record.
Given the fact that the vast majority of semi-trailers are still equipped with manual transmissions, having this limitation placed on your license will severely restrict your driving options and career chances.
Again, I strongly advise you to do it correctly the first time and to test with the car you want to drive after earning your CDL.
Make careful to verify with your individual state on how to remove a restriction, as each state has its own set of rules and regulations.
You may notice that some states have a few more limits in addition to the ones I listed above.
CDL codes are letters that appear on your CDL that indicate which limitations you are subject to.
When it comes to CDL limits, the manual transmission restriction is the one that you should want to avoid the most if you plan on driving a Class A vehicle such as a semi-truck or tractor-trailer, according to the American Trucking Association.
While it is true that there are more and more automatic transmissions available these days, the manual transmission is still the most prevalent transmission.
Who do you think they’re going to choose?
Taking the basic skills and driving road test in a manual transmission car rather than an automatic transmission vehicle is recommended so that you never ever get the limitation put on your CDL.
This is solid advice, and any truck driver would agree that it is necessary. Keep yourself safe, and best of luck in your pursuit of CDL or limitation removal!
Driver License Endorsements and Restrictions
The written exam on air brakes as well as the pre-trip inspection as well as the basic skills and driving tests in a vehicle with a full or partial brake system may be required in order to be exempt from this limitation. Also prohibited from operation is a business vehicle equipped with a full air brake system, which falls under the Z limitation. The following events occur if any of the following take place: With the assistance of an air system or hydraulic system, the driver finished the tests in time.
- Driving automobiles with manual gearboxes is not permitted under this limitation for the driver.
- Avoid taking your driving exams in a car with an automatic gearbox since the chances of you working for a firm that has automatic transmission automobiles are quite remote.
- The driver will not be permitted to operate a semi-trailer unless they have passed the basic skills and road driving exam in a semi-trailer or truck-trailer vehicle.
- This signifies that the driver has a Class A commercial driver’s license, but he or she obtained his or her passenger or school bus endorsement while operating a Class B vehicle.
- The N limitation indicates that the driver has a Class B commercial driver’s license but acquired his or her school bus or passenger endorsement while driving a Class C automobile.
- Specifically, this is a limitation that applies solely within the state.
- This limitation prevents commercial vehicle drivers from traveling across state lines.
This is the newest CDL limitation to come into effect in the United States.
Typically, a medical waiver is required for diabetics, those who have hearing or visual impairments, or those who have seizures.
Most of the time, the DMV will not accept a copy of this; instead, you must have it submitted directly to the DMV by the medical examiner.
Keep in mind that each state has the authority to impose additional CDL limits at their own discretion.
It is possible to have restrictions placed on a CDL because the driver passed the driving test in a vehicle that did not have specific pieces of equipment installed.
In order to obtain a Class A CDL in order to drive a semi-trailer, you must first pass the fundamental skills and road driving exams in a semi-trailer that has a manual gearbox, as described above.
The E limitation indicates that you are not permitted to operate a vehicle equipped with a manual gearbox or reverse gear.
The process of having a CDL limitation removed from your license is not complicated, but it may be time-consuming.
To have a limitation lifted, you may be required to retake the written exam as well as the basic skills and road driving tests, as well as pay a charge.
Nonsense, because not all states abide by the same rules.
On your CDL, you’ll see letters that indicate the limits you have.
When it comes to CDL limits, the manual transmission restriction is the one that you should try to avoid the most if you plan on driving a Class A vehicle such as a semi-truck or tractor-trailer on the road.
True, there are an increasing number of automatic transmissions available these days, but the manual transmission remains the most popular option for most drivers.
I’m curious who they’ll choose.
Taking the basic skills and driving road test in a manual transmission car rather than an automatic transmission vehicle is recommended so that you never even get the limitation imposed on yourCDL.
A great piece of advice, and one that any truck driver would agree with! Good luck with your CDL or restriction removal efforts, and please be cautious.
|H||Authorizes the transportation ofhazardous material(CDL only)|
|N||Authorizes the operation of a tank vehicle (CDL or CLP)|
|P||Authorizes the operation of a vehicle transporting passengers (CDL or CLP)|
|S||Authorizes the operation of aschool bus(CDL or CLP)|
|T||Authorizes towing two (double) or three (triple) trailers over a specified weight (CDL only)|
|X||Authorizes the operation of a combination of hazardous material and tank vehicle (CDL only)|
There is no limit to the number of restriction codes that can be placed on any sort of driver license, including commercial driver license. This is not intended to interfere with your driving, but rather to assist you in becoming a better driver. If you want to have a restriction code removed from your driver’s license, you need go to a driver licensing office. The following chart outlines the several sorts of limitations that can be imposed on a driver’s license:
|A||With corrective lenses|
|B||A licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS) must be in the front seat|
|C||Daytime driving only|
|D||Speed not to exceed 45 mph|
|E||No manual transmission equipped CMV|
|F||Must hold valid learner license to MM/DD/YY|
|G||TRC 545.424 applies until MM/DD/YY|
|H||Vehicle not to exceed 26,000 lbs. GVWR|
|I||Motorcycle not to exceed 250cc|
|J||Licensed motorcycle operator 21 or over in sight|
|L||No air brake equipped CMV|
|M||No Class A passenger vehicle|
|N||No Class A and B passenger vehicle|
|O||No tractor-trailer CMV|
|P||Stated on license|
|Q||A licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS) must be in the front seat (vehicle above a Class B)|
|R||A licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS) must be in the front seat (vehicle above a Class C)|
|S||Outside rearview mirror or hearing aid|
|U||Applicable prosthetic devices|
|V||Medical variance documents required|
|X||No cargo in CMV tank vehicle|
|Y||Valid Texas vision or limb waiver required|
|Z||No full air brake equipped CMV|
|P1||For Class M TRC 545.424 until MM/DD/YY|
|P5||To/from work/school or a licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS) must be in the front seat|
|P6||To/from work or a licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS) must be in the front seat|
|P7||To/from school or a licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS) must be in the front seat|
|P8||With telescopic lens|
|P9||A licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS 21), bus only|
|P10||A licensed driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS 21), school bus only|
|P11||Bus not to exceed 26,000 GVWR|
|P12||Passenger CMVs restricted to Class C only|
|P13||A license driver 21 years of age or older (LOFS) in vehicle equip with air brake|
|P14||Operation Class B exempt vehicle authorized|
|P15||Operation Class A exempt vehicle authorized|
|P16||If CMV, school buses (interstate)|
|P17||If CMV, government vehicles (interstate)|
|P18||If CMV, only transporting personal property (interstate)|
|P19||If CMV, transporting corpse/sick/injured (interstate)|
|P20||If CMV, privately transporting passengers (interstate)|
|P21||If CMV, fire/rescue (interstate)|
|P22||If CMV, intra-city zone drivers (interstate)|
|P23||If CMV, custom harvesting (interstate)|
|P24||If CMV, transporting bees/hives (interstate)|
|P25||If CMV, use in oil/water well service/drill|
|P26||If CMV, for operation of mobile crane|
|P27||HME Expiration Date MM/DD/YY|
|P28||FRSI CDL valid MM/DD/YY to MM/DD/YY|
|P29||FRSI CDL MM/DD/YY–MM/DD/YY or exempt B vehicles|
|P30||FRSI CDL MM/DD/YY–MM/DD/YY or exempt A vehicles|
|P31||Class C only; no taxi/bus/emergency vehicle|
|P33||No passengers in CMV bus|
|P34||No express or highway driving|
|P35||Restricted to operation of three–wheeled MC|
|P37||Occ/Essent need DL-no CMV–see court order|
|P38||Applicable vehicle devices|
|P39||Ignition Interlock required|
|P40||Vehicle not to exceed Class C|
License Restriction Codes
License and permit restrictions codes are provided below in alphabetical order according to the type of license being applied for.
|A||None (no restrictions)|
|B||Corrective Lenses Required|
|C||Vehicle mechanical Aids Required|
|D||Prosthetic Aids Required|
|F||Right Exterior Mirror Required|
|G||Daylight Hours Only|
|I||Left Exterior Mirror Required|
|J||Automatic Transmission Required|
|Q||No Passengers Allowed|
|S||Power Req, Brakes or Steering|
|U||Visually Impaired Parent or Driver= 21|
|W||Valid Farm Waiver Required|
|1||Bioptic lenses Required|
|E||No manual transmission-equipped CMV|
|K||Intrastate commerce only|
|L||No air brake equipped CMV|
|M||No Class A passenger buses|
|N||No Class A or B passenger buses|
|O||No Tractor Trailer CMV|
|X||No Cargo in CM tank vehicle|
|Y||Hearing Aid required|
|Z||No Full Air Brake|
|H||Employer vehicle only|
|LP2 with Interlock|
|2||Personal vehicle only|
- Employment, medical care, school, driver education, court-ordered driver improvement, the court system, probation, community service, and a drug and alcohol treatment program are all responsibilities. Meetings of groups for those who are addicted to or abusing alcohol, drugs, or both are scheduled on a regular basis. It should be noted that an Ignition Interlock device is necessary.
- Employment, medical care, school, court-ordered driver improvement, driver education, a drug and alcohol program, and scheduled meetings of groups for people with alcohol/drug addiction/abuse problems are all examples of responsibilities.
|5||Business purpose only|
|6||To and from medical-only|
|7||To and from school only|
|8||Ignition Interlock required|
|9||All except HV PL|
- Employment responsibilities, medical care/prescriptions, school/college, alcohol and drug treatment, and driver education are all covered. Driver improvement, court appearances, probation, and community service are all options. The transportation of unlicensed close family members for employment, education, medical appointments, or medications
TITLE 92: TRANSPORTATIONCHAPTER II: SECRETARY OF STATEPART 1030 ISSUANCE OF LICENSESSECTION 1030.92 TITLE 92: TRANSPORTATIONCHAPTER II: SECRETARY OF STATE RESTRICTIONS Section 1030.92 of the Revised Statutes Restrictions are in place. If a driver services facility representative has the ability to set license limits, that person shall do so. Unless the limitation is due to a visual or hearing impairment, no additional restrictions may be imposed until the driving test, if one is necessary, has been administered.
b) b) Corrective eye lenses are required for people with Type B restrictions.
In accordance with Section 1030.75, this limitation covers the use of eyeglasses and contact lenses in one or both eyes in one or both eyes.
In order to operate a motor vehicle, a driver must employ one or more prosthetic aids (such as artificial legs, artificial hands, a hook on either the right or left arm, or a brace on each leg) while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
According to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (49 CFR 383.95(c), effective October 1, 2014), an automatic transmission restriction is imposed when a driver of a commercial motor vehicle uses an automatic transmission during the pre-trip, skills, and road portions of a commercial driver’s license test.
- A driver may be required to utilize both left and right rearview mirrors if the minimum peripheral criteria may be fulfilled by using just one eye in line with Sections 1030.70 and 1030.75 of the Motor Vehicle Safety Standards Act.
- This restriction is imposed when a driver’s binocular visual acuity does not reach the 20/40 minimum requirement set out in Section 1030.70(a), but is not worse than 20/70 as determined by the Department of Transportation.
- It is possible that a Type J limitation with proper numerical indicators has additional restrictions that are not stated in this Section.
- 2) IVC Section 6-106.2 authorizes the operation of a religious organization bus by a J02 driver who meets the requirements of the classification.
- It is possible that the driver holds a Class A, B, or C license and was driving a Class D vehicle for the religious organization bus test.
- Despite the fact that he drove a Class C vehicle for the religious organization bus test, he may also have a Class A or B license.
- IVC Section 6-106.3 states that the driver drives a vehicle that is only for the purpose of transporting older adults.
It is possible that the driver held a Class A, B, or C license when he or she took the senior citizen transportation vehicle exam in a Class D vehicle.
The driver took the senior citizen transportation vehicle exam in a Class C vehicle, although he or she may also have a Class A or B license, depending on the circumstances.
Driver who is 16 or 17 years old and who is entitled to operate either Class L motor-driven cycles or Class M motorcycles, as stipulated in IVC Section 6-103, is classified as J09 (2).
11) J11 Indicates that the driver took the road test on a three-wheel motorcycle (Class M) or a three-wheel motor-driven cycle (Class L) and that the driver is only permitted to operate a three-wheel cycle of the appropriate classification.
12) J14 13.
These unique limits may only be applicable when the applicant is driving that specific motor vehicle, according to the circumstances.
For the applicant to be granted permission to remove a particular limitation or drive another motor vehicle, he or she would be required to take another road test in the new vehicle.
15) J17 allows a person having a Class L or M motorcycle or motor driven cycle license to operate a motorcycle or motor driven cycle with rear wheel extensions while keeping a single front wheel on the vehicle.
17) J50 Farm Waived Non-CDL Farm Vehicle Driver FVD (only for Class A truck/tractor and semi-trailer combo vehicles).
Farm products, equipment, and supplies can be transported to and from a farm by using a truck/tractor semi-trailer, provided that it is utilized within 150 air miles of the farm and does not serve as a common or contract carrier’s vehicle.
Those who qualify may operate a truck/tractor, semi-trailer, or other agricultural vehicle to transport farm products, equipment, or supplies to or from a farm if the vehicle is used within this State or interstate within 150 air miles of the farm and is not used in the operations of a common carrier or contract carrier, respectively.
19) J60 Automatic Transmission When a driver is unable to operate a standard shift noncommercial vehicle owing to the limited use of one or both arms and/or legs, an automatic transmission limitation is applied to the vehicle.
21) J72 Out of country at the time of issuance A driver’s license granted to a motorist who is temporarily residing outside of the United States of America at the time of the expiration of his or her driver’s license is known as a J72 license.
23) J74 Military deferral card issued at the expiration of the driver’s license to allow the licensee, spouse, and dependent children who are living with the licensee while on active duty serving in the Armed Forces of the United States outside the state of Illinois to have their licenses extended while in the military.
- Alternative modes of communication are required for J88 Deaf and Hard of Hearing.
- 27) J90 BAIID only requires the driver to operate motor vehicles equipped with a Breath Alcohol Ignition Interlock Device (BAIID) and no other vehicles (BAIID).
- j) A Type K limitation indicates that the driver is only permitted to operate a commercial motor vehicle inside the state.
- m) A Type N limitation specifies that a P endorsement is only valid in a vehicle classified as Class C or below in classification.
- An exception from a Type P limitation is allowed by 49 CFR 383.153(b)(9), which permits a commercial learner’s permit holder to operate an automobile meant to transport passengers without any passengers aboard (October 1, 2014) .
- (October 1, 2014).
- In accordance with 49 CFR 383.153(b)(10), a Type Z limitation prohibits a commercial motor vehicle driver from operating a commercial motor vehicle equipped with an air over hydraulic braking system (October 1, 2014).
- 2) To challenge any other sorts of limitations that have been imposed on the driver’s license as a result of this Section, an appeal must be filed with the Department of Administrative Hearings in accordance with IVC Section 2-118.
3) In accordance with the Administrative Examination Law, the courts will conduct an additional review of any limitations imposed. (Source: 45 Ill. Reg. 732, effective December 23, 2020; amended at 45 Ill. Reg. 732, effective December 23, 2020)
License Types & Restrictions
In Pennsylvania, driver’s licenses are given based on the class and kind of vehicle that you operate, rather than your age. So the sort of driver’s license you need relies on the type of car you drive, and not the other way around. In general, the vast majority of people who apply for a Pennsylvania driver’s license will be drivers of normal passenger automobiles, pickup trucks, or vans, according to statistics.
Classes of Driver’s Licenses
- In order to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, and if the vehicle(s) being towed is/are in excess of 10,000 pounds, a CLASS A (minimum age of 18) is required. Using the following example: Recreational Vehicle, the towing vehicle has a weight rating of 11,000 pounds and the vehicle being towed has weight rating of 15,500 pounds (for a total combined weight of 26,500 pounds)
- CLASS B (minimum age of 18): This class is required to drive any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of 26,000 pounds. As an illustration, motor homes weighing at least 26,001 pounds are permitted. CLASS C (requires a minimum age of 16): People 16 years of age or older who have proved their credentials to operate any vehicle, with the exception of those needing a Class M qualification, and who do not fulfill the requirements of Class A or Class B will be awarded a Class C driver’s license, which will be valid for one year. Firefighters and members of rescue or emergency squads who have a Class C driver’s license and a certificate of authorization from a fire chief or the head of the rescue or emergency squad will be authorized to operate any fire or emergency vehicle registered to their respective fire department, rescue or emergency squad, or municipality (emergency use only). Class C driver’s license holders are authorized to operate a motor-driven cycle with an automatic transmission and cylinder capacity of 50 cubic centimeters (ccs) or less, a 3-wheeled motorcycle with an enclosed cab, or an autocycle. CLASS M (minimum age 16): A Class M driver’s license will be issued to those individuals 16 years of age or older who have demonstrated their ability to operate a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle. Someone who is certified to operate only motorcycles or motor-driven cycles will receive a Class M driver’s license, which is the most restrictive type of license available. If you take your driving test on a motor-driven cycle, you will have a “8” limitation placed on your driver’s license. You are not permitted to operate a motorbike due to this limitation. If you take your driving test on a three-wheeled motorbike, you will have a “9” limitation placed on your driver’s license. You are not permitted to operate a two-wheeled motorbike under this limitation.
According to Section 1512 of the Pennsylvania Vehicle Code, the Department has the authority to impose driving restrictions that are appropriate for the licensee’s driving ability when special equipment is required to be installed on a motor vehicle or when other restrictions are necessary to ensure the safe operation of a motor vehicle. Medical Restrictions and how they are applied: 1 -When driving, the license holder is required to wear corrective lenses (glasses or contacts). Two mirrors on either side of the vehicle are required for compliance with this requirement.
In order to operate a vehicle equipped with dual controls (right side brake pedal), a permit holder must have a licensed driver trainer in the passenger seat at all times.
Commercial Driver’s Licenses
- CLASS A (minimum age 18): A Class A license is issued to those individuals who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, provided that the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds, and who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more. Holders of Class A licenses are permitted to operate cars for which a Class B or Class C license has been given. It is necessary to secure suitable endorsements when they are required. Classes A and B licenses are issued to those who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, or any such vehicle towing another vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 10,000 pounds, and who are at least 18 years old. It is possible for the bearer of a Class B license to operate cars for which a Class C license has been given. It is necessary to secure suitable endorsements when they are required. Classes A and B vehicles are exempt from the requirement for a Class C license. A Class C license is issued to individuals 18 years of age or older who have demonstrated their qualifications to operate any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 26,000 pounds or any combination of vehicles, except combination vehicles that include motorcycles, that does not meet the definition of a Class A or Class B vehicle. It is necessary to secure suitable endorsements when they are required.
NOTE:To operate a Commercial Motor Vehicle on an interstate highway, you must be 21 years of age or older, whichever is greater (traveling between two or more states). This applies to ALL levels of education.
Commercial EndorsementsThe following authorizations are required when operating vehicles of the type listed:
H- Permits the driver to operate a vehicle that is transporting hazardous chemicals on public roads. N- Approves the use of tank vehicles. P- Approves the operation of vehicles transporting people.
Drivers of school buses are given the authority to operate them under the letter S. T- Permits a Class A driver to tow double and triple trailers with one vehicle. An X represents a combination of approvals for hazardous chemicals and tank vehicles.
H- Gives the driver permission to operate a vehicle that is hauling hazardous chemicals on public roads. Drivers of tank vehicles are granted permission to use N-. P- Approves the operation of vehicles transporting people. Drivers of school buses must have a valid S license to operate them. This class A driver’s license grants him or her the authority to tow double and triple trailers. This symbol represents a mix of hazardous materials and tanker approvals.
South Dakota CDL Restrictions
When you are not permitted to operate or handle certain types of vehicles or goods, restrictions are imposed on your commercial driver’s license (CDL).
|L||If the driver does not pass the Air Brakes Knowledge Test, does not correctly identify the air brake system components, does not properly conduct an air brake systems check, or does not take the Skills Test in a vehicle with a full air brake system, they must have an “L” no full air brake restriction placed on their license. Prior to 7/1/15, this was restriction “B”.|
|Z||If the driver takes the test in a vehicle with an air over hydraulic brake system, then they will have a “Z” no full air brake restriction placed on their license. The driver is not authorized to operate a CMV equipped with full air brakes.|
|E||If the driver takes the Skills Test in a vehicle that has an automatic transmission, then an “E” no manual transmission restriction is placed on their license.|
|O||If the driver takes the Skills Test in a Class A vehicle that is not a truck-tractor/semi-trailer combination, an “O” restriction will be placed on their license restricting them from driving any Class A vehicle that is a truck-tractor/semi-trailer. Prior to 7/1/15, this was the corrective lenses restriction.|
|M||If a driver possesses a Class A CDL, but obtains his or her passenger or school bus endorsement in a Class B vehicle, the State must place an “M” restriction indicating that the driver can only operate Class B and Class C passenger vehicle or school buses. Prior to 7/1/15, this was restriction “J”.|
|N||If a driver possesses a Class B CDL, but obtains his or her passenger or school bus endorsement in a Class C vehicle, the State must place an “N” restriction indicating that the driver can only operate Class C passenger vehicle or school buses. Prior to 7/1/15, this was restriction “K”.|
|V||If the State is notified by the FMCSA that a medical variance has been issued to the driver, the State must indicate the existence of such a medical variance on the CDLIS driving record and the CDL document using a restriction code “V” to indicate that there is information about the medical variance on the CDLIS record.|
|W||Seasonal CDL for farm-related service industry that allows operation of a Class B and C commercial motor vehicle within 150 miles of the place of business or farm being served.A seasonal CDL is valid for one 180-day period or two 90-day periods each calendar year.|
|K||May operate intrastate only.|
|P||CLP only. No passengers in commercial motor vehicle.|
|X||CLP only. No cargo in a tank.|
K – Intrastate Restrictions: This restriction applies to CDL drivers who are only permitted to operate inside the state of Colorado. The “K” constraint is essential for the following reasons:
- For all CDL drivers between the ages of 18 and 21 who are currently employed
- A CDL driver who cannot fulfill the standards for the Department of Transportation medical examination (part 391, FMSCR) but who has been granted an exemption by the Colorado State Patrol is considered exempt. If an exemption from the FMCSA is solely valid for intrastate commerce
- If the CDL driver self-certifys to Non Excepted Intrastate Driving (option C) or Excepted Intrastate Driving (option D), the driver will be able to drive in any state.
If a driver surrenders an out-of-state license that has the “K” limitation on it and one of the four conditions listed above is not met, the “K” restriction does not transfer over to the Colorado CDL and the driver must obtain a new license in Colorado. If a driver is tested in a commercial vehicle that does not have air brakes, a limitation will be placed on the driver’s CDL indicating that they are not qualified to operate vehicles that have air brakes. The driver must pass the air brakes written exam and then acquire a CDL permit with the limitation removed.
- All standard fees are applicable.
- When an individual’s CDL is restricted because the vehicle in which the CDL skills exam was conducted has an automatic gearbox, the individual’s CDL is restricted.
- They are only permitted to drive passenger vehicles classified as Class B or Class C under the restrictions (bus).
- They are only permitted to operate a Class C passenger car under the restrictions (bus) O – There is no tractor trailer.
- P – No Passengers in a CMV Bus: If an individual’s CLP contains a passenger endorsement, this limitation is put on the individual’s CLP.
- Having an authorized eyesight or diabetes medical waiver from the FMCSA results in a limitation on an individual’s commercial driver’s license or commercial driver’s license (CLP or CDL).
- Tanker Vehicle: If an individual has the N (Tanker) endorsement on their CLP, they will be subject to this limitation.
- When an individual’s CDL is restricted due to the lack of a full air brake system in the vehicle that the CDL Skills test was conducted in, the individual’s CDL is designated as Z.
The CLP must be kept for a minimum of 14 days before a full CDL skills exam may be administered. All applicable license and testing fees are included. Fill out an online form to receive extra information.
Commercial Driver Licenses/Permits may be subject to additional restrictions dependent on the type of vehicle and equipment that the driver utilizes for the Skills Test in question. Commercial Learner’s Permits are restricted to showing just the Passenger, School Bus, and Tank vehicle endorsements in addition to the other limitations listed below.
- (E) – This vehicle does not have a manual transmission. It is required that if an applicant takes the abilities test in a vehicle with an automatic gearbox, the state must note on the CDL, if one is given, that the individual is prohibited from operating a commercial motor vehicle with a manual transmission. An automated transmission is defined as any transmission that does not operate entirely on the gear shift and clutch concept for the purposes of the skills test and the limitation. (K) – Only for intrastate use: If an application certifies that they are either Non-Excepted Intrastate or Excepted Intrastate, the state must specify on the CDL, if one is issued, that the individual is prohibited from operating a CMV in interstate commerce, unless they are exempted from this restriction. States may implement this limitation for a variety of reasons other than those listed above. (1) If an applicant does not take, or fails to take, the air brake component of the knowledge test, or if he or she performs the skills test in a vehicle that is not equipped with air brakes, the state must indicate on his or her CLP or CDL, if one has been issued, that the person is prohibited from operating a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) equipped with any type of air brakes. Air brakes are defined as any braking system that operates entirely or partially on the air brake principle for the purposes of the skills test and the limitation. The State shall specify on the CDL, if one is issued, that the individual is prohibited from driving a passenger vehicle that necessitates a Class “A” CDL if an applicant asking for a passenger endorsement conducts the skills test in a passenger vehicle that necessitates a Class “B” CDL
- And (N) – There are no Class A and B passenger vehicles available: The State must specify on the CDL, if one is issued, that the individual is prohibited from driving a passenger vehicle requiring a Class A or B CDL if the applicant asking for a passenger endorsement conducts the skills test in a passenger vehicle requiring a Class C CDL. When a driver takes the skills test in a combination vehicle for a Group A CDL in which the power unit and towed unit are connected with a pintle hook or other non-fifth wheel connection, the state must indicate on the CDL if issued that the driver is prohibited from operating any tractor-trailer combination that requires a Class A CDL.
(E) – This vehicle does not have a manual gearbox. The state must note on an applicant’s CDL, if one is awarded to him or her, that he or she is prohibited from operating a commercial motor vehicle with a manual gearbox if the application or the test taker uses an automatic transmission. Autonomous transmissions are defined as any transmission that does not operate entirely on the gear change and clutch concept for the purposes of both the competency test and the limitation. (K) – Only for use inside the state of Michigan: A state must declare on a CDL, if one is issued, that the holder is prohibited from operating a commercial motor vehicle in interstate commerce if an application confirms their status as either Non-Excepted Intrastate or Excepted Intrastate.
(1) If an applicant does not take, or fails to take, the air brake component of the knowledge test, or if he or she performs the skills test in a vehicle that is not equipped with air brakes, the state must indicate on his or her CLP or CDL, if one has been issued, that the person is prohibited from operating a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) equipped with any kind of air brakes.
(M) – No Class A passenger vehicle: If an applicant applying for a passenger endorsement performs the skills test in a passenger vehicle requiring a Class “B” CDL, the State must indicate on the CDL, if issued, that the person is prohibited from operating a passenger vehicle requiring a Class “A” CDL; and In the absence of any Class A and B passenger vehicles, the letter N is used: The State must specify on the CDL, if one is issued, that the individual is prohibited from driving a passenger vehicle needing a Class A or B CDL if the applicant asking for a passenger endorsement conducts the skills test in a passenger vehicle requiring a Class “C” CDL When a driver takes the skills test in a combination vehicle for a Group A CDL in which the power unit and towed unit are connected with a pintle hook or other non-fifth wheel connection, the state must indicate on the CDL if issued that the driver is prohibited from operating any tractor-trailer combination connected with a fifth wheel that requires a Class A CDL.
- (P) – There are no passengers in the CMV bus: CLP holders who have received the P endorsement are prohibited from operating any commercial motor vehicle (CMV) that transports passengers other than Federal/State auditors and inspectors, test examiners, other trainees, and the CDL holder who is accompanying the CLP holder, as specified in CFR 383.25(a)(1) of this part.
According to the provisions of CFR 383.25(a)(1) of this part, a CLP holder with a S endorsement is forbidden from operating a school bus with passengers other than federal/state auditors and inspectors, test examiners, other trainees, and the CDL holder accompanying the CLP holder.
- (4) If the State is notified pursuant to 383.73(o) (3) that the driver has been issued a medical variance, the State must indicate the existence of such a medical variance on the CDLIS driver record and any CDL document that may have been issued, using the restriction code “V” to indicate the existence of medical variance information on the CDLIS driver record
- And (X) – There is no cargo in the CMV tanker: If you have a N endorsement on your CLP, you are only permitted to operate an empty tank vehicle. You are not permitted to operate any tank vehicle that previously carried hazardous materials and has not been thoroughly cleaned of any residue. (Z) – No CMV equipped with a fully operational air brake system: If an applicant performs the skills test in a vehicle equipped with air over hydraulic brakes, the state must indicate on the CDL, if one is issued, that the person is prohibited from operating a CMV equipped with any braking system that operates entirely on the air brake principle. Air over hydraulic brakes are defined as any braking system that operates partially on the air brake principle and partially on the hydraulic brake principle for the purposes of the skills test and the limitation. If there are any extra jurisdictional limits that apply to a driving privilege, they should be noted.