Different driver’s licenses can be used to operate different classes of vehicles. The most common is the passenger (Class D) license, which allows you to legally operate a passenger vehicle, van or small truck.
What does class D mean?
Generally, a Class D driver’s license refers to a basic, non-commercial automobile license, also known as the standard driver’s license most people earn as teenagers. Around half of the states use the term “Class D” to describe these basic, non-commercial, non-motorcycle licenses.
What does D mean on driver’s license?
It is what most people on the road have. People with a valid Class D license are able to legally drive passenger cars, but less well-known is the fact that holders of this license can also typically drive trailers and towing vehicles that weight fewer than 10,000 pounds.
What can I drive with D Licence?
PCV (Passenger Carrying Vehicle) was formerly known as PSV (Passenger Service Vehicle). The Bus PCV Category D licence allow drivers who pass the PCV Category D Bus licence to drive any kind of buse or coach including single deckers, double decker buses and also bendi buses.
What is a DL Class D?
In most states, a Class D license is a standard, non-commercial driver’s license that allows you to operate basic vehicles, such as sedans, SUVs, and vans. Class D delivery drivers distribute goods along a specific route while driving a non-commercial car.
What can a Class C driver drive?
With a class C driver’s license, you can drive delivery trucks, warehouse trucks, large passenger vans for 16 or more passengers, and small trucks transporting hazardous materials.
What is a Class D license in CT?
Class D – Any motor vehicle that does not require a CDL.
What is a Class C?
A Class C is a motorhome built with a cab or cut-away chassis. A cab/cut-away chassis provides a front structure that looks like a van, including seats, a dash, opening doors, and body sheet metal. Many people like the Class C because it is familiar to their own automobile.
What are Class C vehicles?
A Class C vehicle is a motor vehicle that does not meet the standards for Class A or Class B vehicles and is intended to transport either 16 or more passengers or hazardous materials (HAZMAT). Large passenger vans, small HAZMAT trucks, and small trucks towing a trailer are all examples of class C vehicles.
What does C mean on driving licence?
A category C license allows drivers to drive vehicles over 3.5 tonnes, but must not exceed 32 tonnes. Category C (or Class 2 as they are otherwise known) licenses typically cover a vehicle with a cab and trailer fixed permanently together.
What are the classes of driving licence?
NTSA Driving License Categories, requirements and fees
- Category A. AM (Moped)
- Category B. B1 (Light Vehicle Automatic)
- Category C. C1 (Light Truck)
- Category D. D1 (Van)
- Category E. Age: 21 – 65 years (Licensed as EC1, EC, ECE, ED, ED1, ED2 and ECD3)
- Category F (Persons with Disability)
- Category G.
Does C1 require before C?
If the vehicle has a MAM between 3.5 tonnes and 7.5 tonnes then a category ‘C1’ LGV driving licence is needed, however, if the (MAM) is more than 7.5 tonnes then a category ‘C’ LGV driving licence is needed.
New York State driver license types and classes
|ACommercial (CDL)||Age 21 or olderLegal presence in the United States||Most single unit vehicles and vehicle combinations up to legal weight limits depending on endorsements and restrictions.||H, M, N, P, S, T, W, X Commercial Learner Permit (CLP) Limited to: M, N, P, S, W|
|BCommercial (CDL)||Age 18 or olderLegal presence in the United States||Most single unit vehicles that a Class E driver can drive plus buses and trucks that have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more depending on endorsements and restrictions.||H, M, N, P, S, W, X Commercial Learner Permit (CLP) Limited to: M, N, P, S, W|
|CCommercial (CDL)||Age 18 or olderLegal presence in the United States||Most single unit vehicles that a Class E driver can drive plus buses and trucks that have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)of 26,000 lbs. or less depending on endorsements and restrictions.||H, M, N, P, S, W, X|
|DOperator||Age 18 or over, or age 17 with Driver Education.|
- Passenger automobiles and trucks having a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,000 pounds or less
- And Towing a vehicle with a maximum gross weight of less than 10,000 pounds (for example, a trailer) is considered to be a towing vehicle. Is capable of towing a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 10,000 pounds, provided that the aggregate weight rating of the two vehicles is 26,000 pounds or less
- Motorcycles (mopeds) with a restricted use
- Vehicles that pull another vehicle (for example, a trailer) with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 3,000 lbs. or less
- Passenger cars and trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 10,000 lbs. or less Motorcycles (mopeds) with a restricted use
- See the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Law and the restrictions on drivers under the age of 18 for further information.
|EFor-hire: Taxi, Livery, Limo||Age 18 or older||The same type of vehicles as Class D, plus for-hire vehicles that carry 14 passengers or less.||F, G, R, W|
|MMotorcycle||Age 18 or over, or age 17 with Driver Education. Can be combined with other Classes, for example Class DM||Motorcycles|
|MJJunior Motorcycle||Age 16-17 with Driver Education. Can be combined with Class DJ (DJMJ)||Motorcycles, with restrictions for drivers under age 18.Seethe Graduated Driver License (GDL) Law and the restrictions on drivers under age 18.|
Types of Driver’s Licenses: What Do They Mean?
While most people associate a driver’s license with standard two- or four-door automobiles, there are many other types of vehicles on the road that require a certain sort of driver’s license in order to operate. In actuality, the several sorts of driver’s licenses are arranged into classes that range from A through E, as well as specific versions such as MJ and DJ licenses. In the United States, the criteria for and types of driver’s licenses might differ somewhat from one state to the next.
Different Driver’s License Types
Please don’t be concerned; as a New England truck driving school, we are here to assist you in understanding the distinctions between some of the most prevalent license kinds.
Although it may seem strange to begin with a license that is in the middle of the alphabet, a Class D license is the most popular sort of driver’s license available. It is the most common type of vehicle on the road. People who have a valid Class D license can lawfully drive passenger automobiles, but it is less well-known that they can also legally drive trailers and towing vehicles that weigh less than 10,000 pounds if they have a valid Class D license. This can include hauling a boat, an RV, a landscaping trailer, and other similar items.
Junior License (DJ)
The Class DJ license is quite similar to a Class D license in many ways. The DJ license differs from state to state, although it is primarily intended for new or younger drivers who have recently completed their driver’s examination. When it comes to driver safety, it often includes stricter weight limitations, prohibitions on the use of hand-held devices, and even driving curfews during specific periods of the day.
Commercial Driver’s License (Class A, B, and C)
It is necessary to hold a commercial driver’s license in order to operate cars with a gross vehicle weight rating more than 26,000 pounds. In light of the distinctions between big commercial vehicles and conventional passenger vehicles, CDL training programs such as ours may assist in preparing people to operate these vehicles and give them with career training to become a professional truck driver. A CDL is divided into several classes, each of which differs in terms of weight and vehicle specifications.
A Class B commercial driver’s license has additional criteria that must be met.
Some people may opt to enroll in Class B driver’s license training in order to get more prepared for this sort of driver’s license.
Taxi and Livery (Class E)
Taxis were a key factor in most metropolitan regions prior to the introduction of Uber and Lyft.
They are still popular today, despite the fact that they are not as visible, and drivers must have a specific license to operate one. Drivers must be at least 18 years old in order to operate these for-hire cars, however there is often a passenger capacity restriction.
When compared to automobiles, motorcycles are a lot of fun for many people to ride, but they are a totally different sort of vehicle to handle. The majority of states mandate the acquisition of a separate motorbike license. Many states provide junior motorcycle licenses (MJ), which are similar to ordinary Class D licenses but have additional limitations, such as age. We encourage you to contact us now to take the first step toward a future as a professional truck driver. If you are interested in acquiring your commercial driver’s license, contact us today to learn more.
- Our team, equipment, and ability to give hands-on professional tractor trailer and HVAC technician training are all backed by more than 50 years of career training expertise at NETTTS. For more information on new job training or upgrading your present abilities, contact your nearest school at (800) 333-2888 now.
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Depending on the “class,” licenses are awarded in the following categories: graduated (G), operator (D), motorcycle (M), commercial (A, B, C). Whenever a Class M license is paired with any other class of license, the Class M license will be appended as an endorsement to the rear of the present license, unless otherwise specified.
Operator License (Class D)
Drivers with an operator license are able to operate any vehicle that does not need a motorcycle or commercial driver’s license. To be eligible to apply for an operator license, you must be at least 18 years old.
Motorcycle License (Class M)
To operate a motorbike or motor-driven cycle, you must have a motorcycle license or endorsement (L or M) on your driving license. To apply for a motorbike license, you must be at least 16 years old.
Commercial Driver License (Class A, B or C)
For drivers of heavyweight vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, vehicles hauling a trailer with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,001 lbs. or more where the combined GVWR is 26,001 lbs. or more, vehicles capable of transporting 16 or more passengers (including the driver), or vehicles required to be placarded for hazardous materials, a commercial driver license (CDL) is required.
Graduated Driver License (Class G)
A commercial driver’s license (CDL) is required for drivers of heavyweight vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, vehicles hauling a trailer with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,001 lbs. or more where the combined GVWR is 26,001 lbs. or more, vehicles capable of transporting 16 or more passengers (including the driver), and vehicles required to be placarded for hazardous materials.
Driver License Types
A valid Arizona Travel ID is the only credential that conforms with the federal REAL ID Act of 2005, which was passed in 2005. In addition to the driver’s license, it is also available as an identification card. Only the Arizona Travel ID (driver’s license or ID card), a United States passport, and other federally recognized identification will be allowed at TSA airport security checkpoints for domestic travel beginning on May 3, 2023.
Teenagers who have reached the age of 15 years and six months may be eligible to receive a graduated and/or motorcycle instruction license. An accompanying licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and who occupies the seat alongside the driver is required for the beneficiary.
These permissions are good for a period of twelve months. There is also a permission for a commercial driver’s license. To be eligible, applicants must be at least 18 years old. These are good for six months from the date of purchase.
Under 21 Driver License
The license is in a vertical style, and it includes the date on which the licensee will become 21 years old.
Depending on the kind and weight of vehicles that may be driven by the individual to whom the license is granted, a Georgia Driver’s License is assigned a classification.
Explanation of Classes
When towing a vehicle, Class A (Commercial) refers to any combination of vehicles (power unit and trailer) with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, provided the GVWR of the vehicle(s) being towed exceeds 10,000 pounds. This category includes automobiles classified as B and C. Exams in both knowledge and driving ability are necessary. Must be at least 18 years old, yet they are only permitted to drive on interstate highways until they reach the age of 21. Class B (Commercial) includes any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, as well as any such vehicle pulling another vehicle weighing no more than 10,000 pounds.
Exams in both knowledge and driving ability are necessary.
Class CP (Permit)– This permit is available to any individual who is at least 15 years old and who passes a knowledge test as well as a vision assessment, as well as meeting the conditions for school enrolment.
Class C (Non-Commercial and Commercial) includes any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of not more than 26,000 pounds; or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR of not more than 10,000 pounds; or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR of more than 10,000 pounds, provided that the combination of vehicles has a gross combined vehicle weight rating of not more than 26,000 pounds; and any self-propelled or towed vehicle that is Three-wheeled vehicles with a steering wheel are included in this category.
Licences for Class C (Commercial) vehicles are provided only if the vehicle is meant to transport sixteen or more people (including the driver), or if the vehicle is being used to transport hazardous items in amounts that need the use of a placard for transportation.
Driver’s Education course consisting of classroom and hands-on training for Class C vehicles – available to 16-year-olds who have held a Class CP license for at least one year and one day; have not been convicted of any serious traffic violations; meet school enrollment requirements; and have completed a Driver’s Education course consisting of classroom and hands-on training.
It is necessary to pass a road test. Holders of a Class D license are restricted to the following restrictions:
- You are not permitted to operate a motor vehicle between the hours of 12:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m.
- During the first six months after issuance, you are not permitted to operate a motor vehicle with any passenger who is not a member of the driver’s immediate family (defined as the license holder’s parents and step-parents, grandparents, siblings and step-siblings, children, and any other person who lives at the license holder’s residence)
- During the second six months
A vehicle combination with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, providing the GVWR of the vehicle(s) being towed is greater than 10,000 pounds, is classified as Class E (non-commercial). This category includes cars classified in Classes F and C. When applying, you must be at least 18 years old, pass a knowledge and competence exam, and have a valid Class C driver’s license in your possession. Vehicles in Class F (non-commercial) have a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, or they are towing another vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds.
When applying, you must be at least 18 years old, pass a knowledge and competence exam, and have a valid Class C driver’s license in your possession.
Riders must be at least 16 years old and have completed the driver’s education program described for Class D license, or they must be 17 years old.
A person at least 21 years of age who is licensed for the class of vehicle being operated, who occupies the front seat alongside the driver, and who is fit and capable of exerting control over the vehicle are required to be present when a class A or B vehicle is driven.
- Mopeds – A moped is any motor-driven cycle with an engine with a cubic capacity of less than 50 cubic centimeters (3.05 cubic inches) that is capable of propelling the cycle at a speed of not more than 30 miles per hour (MPH) and does not need clutching or shifting. Mopeds are free from the requirements for registration and licensing that apply to other types of motor vehicles.
- The following are the rules for riding mopeds on Georgia’s roads and highways:
- Applicants must be at least 15 years old and in possession of a valid driver’s license, instructional license, or restricted permit. It is necessary to wear protective equipment (a motorcycle helmet)
- There is no need for a tag. Every individual using a moped on a public route is required to follow the same traffic regulations as apply to drivers of motor vehicles. It is not permitted to travel on restricted access highways or other roads where the minimum speed limit is more than 35 mph.
- A low-speed vehicle is any four-wheeled electric vehicle whose top speed attainable in one mile is greater than 20 miles per hour but not greater than 25 miles per hour on a paved level surface, and which is manufactured in accordance with the federal motor vehicle safety standards for low-speed vehicles set forth in 49 C.F.R. Section 571.500 and in effect on January 1, 2001
- Low-Speed Vehicles -A low-speed vehicle is defined as any four-wheeled electric vehicle whose top speed attainable in one mile is greater than 20 miles per hour but not greater than 25 miles per hour on a paved level surface and which is manufactured in accordance with the federal motor vehicle safety standards for low-speed vehicles set forth in 49 C.F.R. Section 571.500 and in effect on January 1, 2001.
- A lane is reserved for all low-speed vehicles, and no motor vehicle should be operated in such a way that any low-speed vehicle is denied the full use of a lane
- In order to avoid overtaking and passing in the same lane as the car being overtaken, a low-speed vehicle must be driven at a slower pace. It is unlawful for anybody to operate a low-speed vehicle across lanes of traffic, or between neighboring lines or rows of automobiles. The operation of low-speed vehicles in a single lane should not be done more than two abreast
- Low-speed vehicles are only permitted to be used on highways when the official speed limit does not exceed 35 miles per hour. When operating a low-speed vehicle on a highway with a stated speed limit greater than 35 miles per hour, the operator must comply with the following requirements:
Note that drivers of such cars must possess a current driver’s license.
What Does Class D License Mean?
SolisImages/iStock/GettyImages Each state has its own categorization system for different sorts of driver’s licenses, which is different from one another. In certain areas, there are as many as nine different “classes” of driver’s licenses available, however in other states, there are just a few alternatives available. The term “Class D driver’s license” refers to a basic, noncommercial car license, often known as the “standard driver’s license,” which is the type of license that most people get while still minors.
The legal specifics of a Class D license vary from state to state, although the majority of them follow a few fundamental criteria.
Many states describe Class D licenses as those that allow drivers to operate cars that are under a specific weight restriction. These weight restrictions may differ from state to state, although the majority of states set a vehicle weight restriction of 26,000 pounds as their cutoff threshold. Illinois, on the other hand, has a Class D license with a weight restriction of 16,000 pounds, which is higher than the national average. It is through these weight restrictions that commercial vehicles, such as coach buses and 18-wheelers, are differentiated from non-commercial passenger vehicles.
Make sure to verify with your state’s licensing regulations to find out what the actual weight restrictions are in your area.
Even the biggest passenger SUVs are generally less than 7,000 pounds in total weight.
In the event that you tow recreational vehicles or equipment with your car or truck on a frequent basis, be certain that you keep below the weight restriction established by your state while on the road. Continue reading:Weight Requirements for a Commercial Driver’s License
Number of Passenger Restrictions
Many jurisdictions indicate in their licensing statutes that a Class D standard license holder is permitted to transport up to 15 people in a vehicle, but no more than that number. These states do not want you to believe that you may operate a coach bus with only a basic driver’s license in their jurisdiction. If you want to transport more than 15 passengers, you’ll most likely need to obtain a special license that only allows for the transportation of large groups of people.
Class D Doesn’t Include Motorcycles
The great majority of states have additional motorcycle licenses that must be obtained in addition to a basic Class D license in order to ride a motorbike. A specialized skill set is required for motorcycle riding, just as it is for operating a commercial vehicle. If you intend to ride a motorbike, you will need to get a separate motorcycle license, which is often labeled as a Class M license.
Each State Has its Own Classifications
While around half of the states use the phrase “Class D” to refer to a basic license, the remaining jurisdictions have their own categorization schemes. For example, in jurisdictions such as California, Georgia, and Kansas, a basic license is referred to as a “Class C license.” A chauffeur license in Iowa is referred to as a Class D license, which is similar to the Class C designation used in other states. Mississippi, on the other hand, defines one of its four commercial driver’s licenses as a Class D license, while its basic non-commercial driver’s license is designated as a Class R license.
Find out how Class D is defined in your state’s licensing requirements, or even if it is used at all, by consulting your state’s licensing regulations.
- In most cases, a Class D driver’s license refers to a basic, non-commercial automotive license with limited privileges. This is the type of license that the majority of drivers have. This sort of basic license is referred to as “Class D” in about half of the states.
Department of Public Safety Driver Service Bureau
NEW DRIVER’S LICENSE (4 year license – $24.00 / 8 year license – $47.00) New Driver’s License (4 year license – $24.00) To be eligible for a driver’s license in Mississippi, you must be at least 16 years of age. All candidates are required to submit the following documentation:
- An application that has been completed and signed
- An original birth certificate or any other suitable document
- SSN Card or formal government letter displays the entire nine digits (see here for more information)
- The applicant must provide two proofs of residency. Applicants under the age of 21 may utilize evidence that is relevant to their parent’s or guardian’s domicile. If you are changing your name, you will need to get legal documentation. 16 years of age or older – Before applying for a regular driver’s license, the applicant must have kept their learner’s permit for at least twelve months or until their seventeenth birthday (whichever comes first). To be eligible for a Regular (class R) driver’s license after the twelve-month period has expired, you must supply the following documentation. The following documents are required: 1) A valid learner’s permit
- 2) An up-to-date school attendance form
- And 3) A waiver of road testing affidavit Young drivers under the age of seventeen (17) are not obliged to keep their learner’s permit for a period of twelve (12) months and can get both their learner’s permit and driver’s license on the same day. To be eligible, you must pass a knowledge and vision exam as well as provide all appropriate documentation. It is not necessary to submit a waiver of road testing when the applicant is 17 years old or older
- However, candidates under the age of 18 who have not completed high school must provide a valid proof of attendance form to be considered. Unless they are within two months of their 18th birthday or are married, they are not eligible. If you are married, you must provide your marriage license. If you have graduated, you must provide your diploma or GED certificate. It is only valid for 30 days
- Applicants who have a valid out-of-state Learner’s Permit will be awarded credit for the months they spent in the state while waiting for their driver’s license to be issued
- A new Mississippi resident who already possesses a valid out-of-state driver’s license is no longer necessary to sit for a knowledge exam or a driving test on the open road. Anyone who moves to Mississippi and has an out-of-state license that has expired is obliged to sit for the knowledge exam. It is necessary for Mississippi residents to repeat the knowledge examination if their driver’s license has been expired for more than 18 months. A driver’s license may be renewed at any point throughout the six-month period following the expiration of the license.
A Class D Light Commercial License is available for $29.00 per year or $55.00 per year for a total of four years. For any other vehicles or combinations of vehicles that are not included in Class A, Class B, or Class C, as well as any vehicle with a logo for commercial usage, taxicab, limousine, or any vehicle that transports no more than fifteen (15) people, a Light Commercial License is necessary. You do not need a commercial license to operate a pickup truck unless you are transporting hazardous items in quantities that need the use of a placard, in which case you will need one.
All candidates are strongly encouraged to schedule an appointment at dps.ms.gov/appointment with the Driver Service Bureau.
Regular Driver License
A Class D License is a conventional driver’s license that is necessary in order to operate a passenger car.
It may be obtained online. In the United States, a Class D vehicle is defined as any vehicle or combination of vehicles having a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,000 pounds or less, as long as the following conditions are met:
- The vehicle is not being utilized for the purpose of transporting hazardous materials, which are needed to be placarded under state and federal regulations. The vehicle is not used to carry more than fifteen people, including the driver, or
- The vehicle is not utilized as a school bus that transports children to and from school in exchange for remuneration
Generally speaking, the vast majority of people who apply for a Tennessee driver’s license will be drivers of normal passenger automobiles, pickup trucks, or vans, rather than commercial vehicles. The Driver License Manualis intended to provide you with the knowledge you require in order to obtain a Class D driving license. It is necessary for the driver to get a Commercial Driver License if the vehicle is utilized for any of the above mentioned reasons.
What documents will you need to bring?
- A letter of hardship permission specifying the permissible driving routes and times
- The required documents Please ensure that this is the genuine letter from the Tennessee Department of Safety.
If you are under eighteen (18) years of age you will need:
- Proof of school attendance/progress (SF1010 Form, provided by the school
- Required for Learner Permit only unless student is applying for TN Intermediate Driver License with an out-of-state Learner Permit or Driver License)
- Teenage Affidavit/Financial Responsibility (also available at the Driver Services Center)
- Certification of 50 hours behind the wheel driving experience (SF-1256) (also available at the Driver Services Center)
- Teenage Affidavit/Financial Responsibility ( If you are seeking for an Intermediate License while holding an out-of-state permit, you must additionally submit a Motor Vehicle Record from the state that issued the permission with your application. If you need additional information, see the Driver License FAQ6, Graduated Driver License FAQ3, and Section A-3, GDL Section, Comprehensive Driver Manual. To find links to other states’ online driver services, please visit our Out of State Driver Services page.
When applying for a Tennessee Driver License for the first time when under the age of eighteen, documentation of past driving experience must be provided. The candidate must choose one of the following options:
- A learner’s permit valid for at least six (6) months (180 days) is required
- Alternatively, Have had a valid driver’s license in another state for a minimum of 90 days
If you are under the age of eighteen, you must have an adult sign a Minor/Teen-Age Affidavit and Cancellation form, which may be obtained at any driver license station or downloaded in Adobe PDF format.
Who is not eligible?
- Whoever’s driver’s license is now suspended or revoked in Tennessee or in another state
- Anyone who the Commissioner has reason to think, due to mental or physical disability, would be unable to operate a motor vehicle safely
- A frequent drinker or someone who is addicted to the usage of drugs has been proved to be ineligible for parole. Individuals who have been expected to provide proof of financial responsibility but have not yet done so
- Anyone under the age of 18 who has dropped out of school before graduating, or who does not make “sufficient progress” in school, is subject to deportation. Applicants seeking driver licenses or identification only licenses who are neither citizens of the United States or lawful permanent residents of the country will be denied eligibility.
Who is not required to have a driver license?
- Anyone whose driving privileges are currently suspended or revoked in Tennessee or any other state Individuals with mental or physical disability who the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to suspect will be unable to operate a motor vehicle safely
- A frequent drinker or someone who is addicted to the usage of drugs has been found to be ineligible. any anyone who has been asked to provide proof of financial responsibility but has not yet done so
- Anyone under the age of 18 who has dropped out of school before graduating, or who does not make “sufficient progress” in school, is subject to deportation
- Applicants seeking driver licenses or identification only licenses who are neither citizens or lawful permanent residents of the United States will be denied eligibility.
Where do you go to get your license?
Anyone whose license is currently suspended or revoked in Tennessee or any other state; Individuals with mental or physical disability who the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to think would be unable to operate a motor vehicle safely; A regular drinker or someone who is addicted to the usage of drugs who has been demonstrated to be a criminal; any anyone who has been obliged to provide proof of financial responsibility but has not yet done so; Anyone under the age of 18 who has dropped out of school before graduating, or who does not make “sufficient progress” in school; Anyone who is neither a citizen of the United States or a lawful permanent resident will not be eligible to receive a driving license or an identity only license.
- The many types of licenses available
- The documents and other requirements for license applications
- Information on Intermediate Driver Licenses and how this graduated driver license works for driver license applicants under the age of eighteen
- And other topics related to driver licenses. simple summaries of the examinations that must be passed in order to obtain a Driver License
The manual also contains the material required to pass the knowledge examinations for a Class D Tennessee driving license.
Vehicle Guide: Class D License
- Whoever owns or runs a truck or truck tractor that weighs at least 8,000 pounds but not more than 26,001 pounds, or that is more than 80 inches broad
- Drivers of approved emergency vehicles, as well as farmers and other individuals who operate commercial motor vehicles but are exempt from acquiring a commercial driver license, are required to obtain a Class D license.
All motor vehicles, with the exception of mopeds, are required to adhere to the same traffic laws and regulations.
A truck or any vehicle towing another vehicle may not follow within 300 feet of another truck or vehicle hauling a vehicle, unless the truck or vehicle is towing a vehicle itself. In addition, this legislation does not apply to overtaking or passing within cities or towns, nor does it apply to highways.
The following vehicles are required to be able to stop within the distances specified by law. Within 30 feet at a speed of 20 mph:
- Vehicles with a single unit weight of less than 10,000 pounds
Those weighing less than 10,000 pounds per unit of transportation;
- Single-unit vehicles weighing more than 10,000 pounds
- All buses
- Combinations of a two-axle towing vehicle (such as a truck tractor) and a trailer, with the trailer weighing 3000 pounds or less
- All combinations of vehicles used in tow-away operations
Within 50 feet at a speed of 20 mph:
- Any and all other vehicles, excluding passenger vehicles having a seating capacity of less than 10 passengers, including the driver
Brakes that can be actuated by the driver of the towing vehicle are required on any trailer or semi-trailer weighing more than 3000 pounds or 3000 pounds more. To prevent the trailer from breaking away from the towing vehicle, the brakes must be constructed and linked such that they will immediately stop the trailer.
Lights, Side Marker Lamps, and Reflectors
Equipment that must be present on all buses, trucks, truck tractors, and trailers includes:
- Every bus or truck has two reflectors, one on each side of the vehicle, and one stop light in the rear. Every bus or truck has a width of at least 80 inches: On the front, there are two clearance lamps, one on each side of the vehicle. A total of two side marker lamps are installed on each side, one located at or near the front and one located at or near the rear. A total of two reflectors, one at or near the front and one at or near the rear, are located on each side. Electric turn signals are also required on these cars if they were manufactured after January 1, 1972. Every tractor truck includes the following features: On the front, there are two clearance lamps, one on each side of the vehicle. Every trailer or semi-trailer weighing more than 3,000 pounds is required to have one stop light at the rear. On the front, there are two clearance lamps, one on each side of the vehicle. A total of two side marker lamps are installed on each side, one located at or near the front and one located at or near the rear. Two clearance lamps, one on each side, and two reflectors, one at or near the front and one at or near the rear, are located at or near the rear. In addition, there should be two stoplights on the rear of these automobiles. On automobiles manufactured before January 1, 1972, just one stoplight is authorized. Every pole trailer weighing more than 3,000 pounds must comply with the following requirements: The front, side, and rear of the vehicle are illuminated by one side marker lamp and one clearance lamp on each side (which may be used in conjunction). Two reflectors, one on each side of the pole trailer or cargo, are mounted on the rear of the vehicle. Every trailer, semi-trailer, and pole trailer weighing 3,000 pounds or less must comply with the following requirements: Two reflectors, one on each side, are mounted on the rear bumper.
Depending on their size, reflectors must be set no lower than 24 inches and no more than 60 inches above the ground level. If the vehicle’s tallest point is less than 24 inches above the ground, the reflector should be positioned at the very top of the vehicle. In the case of a pole trailer, the rear reflectors may be installed on either side of the cargo. Almost every reflector that is necessary on the back of a vehicle may be included into the taillamp. Clearance lighting must be installed on the vehicle’s permanent structure in order to demonstrate the vehicle’s excessive height and width.
Aside from when they are used in conjunction with clearance lamps, side marker lights can be installed at any height. Then both must be visible from all directions, including the front, side, and back.
Limitations on Towing
Depending on their size, reflectors must be installed not less than 24 inches above the ground and not more than 60 inches above. Unless the vehicle’s highest point is less than 24 inches above the ground, the reflector should be positioned at the vehicle’s highest point. On a pole trailer, the rear reflectors can be installed on either side of the cargo, if necessary. Almost every reflector that is necessary on the back of a vehicle may be included in the taillamp assembly. For the vehicle’s extraordinary height and breadth to be clearly visible, clearance lamps must be permanently affixed to the vehicle’s permanent construction.
When this is accomplished, both must be visible from the front, sides, and back.
- It has to be powerful enough to haul the entire towed weight
- A tow rope cannot be longer than 15 feet in length unless it is being used to tow poles, pipelines, machinery, or other things that cannot be quickly dismantled. If you are using a chain, rope, or cable as the towing connection, you must attach a white flag that is at least 12 inches square to the towing connection.
Limitations on Loading; Securing the Load
If the load on your vehicle is not secure, you are not permitted to drive or transfer it on the highway. The load must not be able to drop, move, leak, or otherwise elude detection and containment measures.
- When moving items that have the potential to tumble or blow onto the roadway, you must employ a tight-fitting cover. Dirt, sand, lime-rock, gravel, silica, rubbish, and waste are examples of such materials. For every vehicle hauling wood logs or pulpwood, correct equipment must be used. This includes lock chains that are strong enough to secure the load.
The rearview mirror on your vehicle must provide you with a view of the roadway for at least 200 feet behind you, no matter what type of load it is hauling.
Whenever a load extends to the back of a loaded vehicle by more than 4 feet from the bed or body of the vehicle, it must be conspicuously marked. Nighttime It is mandatory to use the following indicators at night or when you cannot see well at least 1000 feet in front of you:
- Two red lights mounted on the back of the cargo that may be seen from at least 500 feet away in the direction of travel
- At the back of the vehicle are two red reflectors that may be seen at night from all distances between 100 and 600 feet when the vehicle is immediately in front of low-beam headlamps. These reflectors should be positioned such that they illuminate the whole width of the load. It is necessary to have two red LEDs, one on each side of the weight, which can be seen from at least 500 feet away. When placing these bulbs, keep in mind that they should be at the end of the projecting load.
Daytime Red flags of at least 12 inches square must be put on the protruding load in areas where red lighting are used at night throughout the day (extreme rear and sides).
Directional Signal Requirements
When the following circumstances are met, your vehicle is required to have directional signals:
- When the following criteria are met, your vehicle must have directional signals:
During the night (from 1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise), vehicles 80 inches wide or longer must be equipped with warning devices if they are operating on any roadway outside of a city or town, or on any divided highway if they are traveling more than 30 feet in length. This restriction applies to vehicles that pull house trailers, such as trucks, buses, truck tractors, and other similar vehicles. The following items of equipment must be brought along:
- Three red flares, three red electric lamps, or three red emergency reflectors are recommended. The use of three red-burning fuses (unless lights or reflectors are carried) is recommended.
Three red emergency reflectors, three red electric lamps, or three red flares; The usage of three red-burning fuses (unless lights or reflectors are carried) is mandatory.
Placement of Warning Devices
Roadway with two lanes of traffic is displayed on the warning device. If a disabled truck, truck-tractor, or bus is parked outside the city borders of a municipality, it must be equipped with emergency warning signs similar to those depicted.
WARNING DEVICES REQUIREMENTS
- Two-way roadway is indicated with a warning device. If a disabled truck, truck-tractor, or bus is parked outside the city borders of a municipality, it must be equipped with emergency warning signs, such as the ones seen above.
Lanterns that run on electricity
- To be visible from 600 feet away under typical conditions at night
- To be operational for at least 12 hours
- To be able to absorb shocks without being damaged.
Reflectors that are free-standing
- Capable of reflecting low-beam headlights from a distance of 100′ to 600′
- Having the ability to tolerate shocks without being damaged
- It has a burn time of at least 15 minutes and complies with the criteria of the Bureau of Explosives (New York).
On a two-way road in the middle of the night.
- One hundred feet ahead, one hundred feet behind, in the center of the lane where the car is located
- The first is on the traffic side, 10 feet to the back or front of the car
On a divided highway, to be precise.
- Two hundred and fifty feet to the rear, and one hundred and fifty feet to the rear, in the center of the lane where the vehicle is stopped
- One ten-foot extension to the back on the traffic side
Electric Lanterns are used at night, in the same way as flares. Free-standing reflectors are used at night and are the same as flares. Fuses on a two-way road during the night
- One lighted fuse, lantern, or reflector should be put on the traffic-side of the car as soon as possible after it is discovered. All additional indications should be installed prior to the fuses blowing their circuits.
The gross weight of a vehicle on the roadway, as measured by the wheels of any one axle, shall not exceed 22,000 pounds at any one location. In a vehicle or combination of vehicles, the total weight allowed on all axles is determined by the number of axles and the distance between them. To account for tolerances, vehicles with larger wheel bases and 5 or more axles can weigh up to 80,000 pounds. Section 316.535 of the Florida Statutes provides additional information, and the Florida Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Weights and Safety can be reached at Douglas Building, Room 208, 2540 Executive Center Circle West, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0450, or by phone at (850) 488-7920 for more information.
Maximum Width, Height and Length
Other modes of transportation:
- 13 feet, 6 inches is the maximum height of a vehicle with a cargo on top of it. The maximum width of a vehicle with a cargo is 96 inches wide (8 feet). Vehicles up to 102 inches in length may be permitted on roadways with traffic lanes 12 feet wide or greater (8.5 feet). Maximum length, including load overhang (load overhang over the front or front bumper of the vehicle cannot exceed 3 feet)
- Maximum length, including load overhang a single unit with two axles will cost you $35
- 40 feet for a single unit with three axles
Class D License
Questions for the Exam The Class D Driver’s License examination consists of 20 multiple-choice questions and 20 road signs. It is possible that some of the exam questions will be drawn from the list below, while others may be drawn from the Class E test questions in Chapter 5. The maximum number of questions and road signs you may miss is five, and you cannot miss more than five road signs.
- What is the speed limit for trucks in residential neighborhoods, unless otherwise marked
- Who is required to have a Class D license
- Is it necessary for the registered owner of a straight truck delivering his own merchandise to hold a Class D license? How closely may a truck follow another truck on an open roadway, except overtaking and passing each other
- The stoplight of the towing vehicle is obscured by a trailer
- Where else should a stoplight be located? In what locations should reflectors be installed
- Provide three instances of loads that must be covered as a result of falling or blowing debris on the roadway
- In the rearview mirror, how many feet should you be able to see objects no matter how much weight is on the vehicle
- When a car is towing another vehicle with the use of a chain, what information does the chain need to display? What is the maximum length of time that the drawbar may be between the towing vehicle and the vehicle being pulled
- Is it appropriate for a motorist hauling dangerous gases to approach a railroad crossing and be directed to go across the track without coming to a complete stop by a police officer? Assume that a cargo extends 4 or more feet beyond the bed or body of a vehicle that is being driven on a roadway during daylight hours. What color and how many flags should be used to identify it
- How many flags should be used to identify it
- Which red flags should be shown in the event that a truck becomes disabled on a two-lane highway during the daylight outside of a city or town
- And When are red fuses used in the event of a truck or bus breaking down on a highway at night
- How many feet is the maximum height of any vehicle allowed to be? When are warning devices need to be displayed? The length of single-unit trucks with three axles is limited to a certain length.
If you come across an accident, call for help from the Emergency Medical System (EMS) to ensure that help arrives as soon as possible. Then follow these four first aid guidelines:
- Utilize barrier gear, such as gloves and a mask, to protect yourself from any harm or illness. Begin to take deep breaths. If the wounded individual has stopped breathing, begin artificial respiration as soon as possible to save their life. Continue until you are relieved by another trained person or the sufferer is breathing regularly. Put a stop to the bleeding. The majority of bleeding may be stopped by applying pressure to the wound. If at all feasible, you should insert a gauze pad, a clean cloth, or even your fingers (if you are wearing protective gloves) in the area to be disinfected before proceeding. The initial step should always be to halt bleeding from an artery. The blood from an artery will be brilliant crimson in color and will flow out of the incision in spurts when it is ruptured. When the blood is deeper in color and flows uniformly, it indicates that it is coming from a vein. The gauze or cloth should not be removed after being placed in place
- Shock should be treated. Injury victims may experience shock as a result of their injuries. Every function of the body slows down while a person is under shock, including the heart rate. Shock can have life-threatening consequences. It has the potential to be fatal. Shock may manifest either immediately following a crash or later. Individuals who have been injured must be treated for shock regardless of whether or not they appear to be in shock.
- Assure the individual who has been hurt. Your ability to remain calm will be beneficial. Make sure they don’t get anything to drink. Covering the person with blankets or coats will help to keep the body warm. Make the individual lie down on his or her back. Keep bystanders at a safe distance so that the wounded individual might get some fresh air
- Unless there is a head injury, they should keep their head as low as possible. Tight collars should be loosened to make breathing easier.
Don’t try to move an injured person who is unable to move or who complains of pain in the back or neck, or who has suffered a head injury. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REMOVE THE HELMET FROM A MOTORCYCLE RIDER WHO HAS BEEN INJURED. PRUDENT CARE AND GOOD JUDGMENT SHOULD BE EMPLOYED. Working within the scope of care you have been trained to provide is strictly prohibited.
Basic Terms and Definitions
The term “driver license” refers to any license to operate a motor vehicle granted under the statutes of the state of California. A driver license or driving privilege in Alabama can only be issued, suspended, cancelled, or revoked by the Department of Public Safety, which has exclusive and exclusive power under Alabama legislation and case law1. Driver licenses in Alabama are granted according to their categorization. The standard, or general, driver license is a class D license that enables the bearer to operate a non-commercial motor vehicle on public roadways in this state, subject to certain limitations that may be in place.
An applicant for a CDL must first possess a valid class D driver’s license, be at least 21 years old3, possess a valid medical certificate that meets the requirements of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and pass the written and driving examinations designed for the class of CDL being sought, among other requirements.
When a 14 or 15-year-old applies for a class M license with a ‘B’ limitation, the license is created specifically for motor-driven bikes.
Suspension of a driver’s license is a serious offense.
A driver’s license can be reinstated after it has been suspended if certain compliance requirements are met, such as paying a fine for an unpaid or ‘outstanding’ traffic violation or serving a limited duration license removal following a conviction, as well as the payment of an administrative fee to the Department of Public Safety.
It is almost typically the outcome of a significant traffic crime conviction that results in a revocation, and it is generally considered a necessary responsibility of the Director of Public Safety4.
Additional requirements for re-licensing following revocation include compliance with the Safety Responsibility Law5, payment of the necessary reinstatement costs, and passing the driver license examination.
According to Section 760-X-1-.02 of the Alabama Administrative Code, Reinstatement of Driving Privileges After Revocation, “The Director of Public Safety may, at any time after the expiration of six months from the date of revocation, reinstate a person’s driving privilege who has had his or her driving privilege revoked.”.
Any subsequent license removal actions must be served in sequence, with the first license removal action being completed in its entirety before the second removal action can be initiated, even if the second (or third) license removal action is entered before the first removal action is completed in its entirety.
Barbour, which was a first-of-its-kind decision in this state, that driving license suspension periods should be counted sequentially rather than continuously, rather than concurrently.
Cancellation of Driving License: The annulment or termination of a person’s driver license by official action of the Director of Public Safety as a result of a mistake or fault in the application procedure.
Cancellation is neither a suspension nor revocation; rather, it is a sort of license removal that requires the disqualified licensee to clear the prior state before being able to possess an Alabama driving license.
Driver License Compact (now in use): There are several interstate compacts in place, including the Driver License Compact (DLC), which allows the various states to exchange information about license suspensions and traffic violations of non-residents and forward that information to the state where the motorist’s license is issued, also known as the home state.
As of right now, 45 of the 50 states are participants in the Driver License Compact.
Since 1966, Alabama has been a member of the Democratic Leadership Conference.
Nonresident Violator Compact (currently in effect): There are 45 states that have signed on to the Non-Resident Violator Compact (NRVC), which allows for the processing of traffic citations that transcend state lines.
Whenever a motorist is cited for a traffic violation in another member state and fails to respond to the citation (for example, by failing to appear in court or by settling the case prior to court), the state where the violation occurred notifies the driver’s home state, which in turn suspends the driver’s license until the driver resolves his or her case in the other state.
Sixth, the DLA’s objectives are to require each state to recognize licenses issued by other member states, to require each state to report traffic convictions to the licensing state, to prohibit a member state from confiscating an out of state drivers license or from jailing an out of state driver for a minor violation, and to require each state to maintain a complete driver’s history, including withdrawals and traffic convictions from non-DLA states.
- Any report about a licensee that is received by a DLA member state from a non-DLA member state shall be treated as if it had come from a member state.
- Foreign nations will not be subject to the Drivers’ Privacy Protection Act (DPPA), which means that other jurisdictions will be able to access motor vehicle information and transmit the driver’s history if the driver switches his or her license.
- Individuals who have lost their driving privileges or who have been convicted of a significant traffic offence are identified by the National Driver Registry (NDR), which receives this information from state driver licensing bureaus.
- This is a collection of information about problem drivers that has been submitted by all 51 jurisdictions in the United States.
- Working in collaboration with the Commercial Driver License Information System (CDLIS), the PDPS will notify licensing authorities that the subject of the inquiry has previously been subjected to a license revocation proceeding in another state.
- The Administrative License Suspension Act of Alabama went into force in 1996 and was rewritten in 1999, with the majority of the changes being in the licensee’s favor.
The Administrative License Suspension Act’s intended purpose is to expeditiously remove the arrested subject’s driver’s license through an informal, non-judicial administrative process, thereby eliminating the incentive for the arrested motorist to delay license removal while waiting for the final disposition of a criminal prosecution.
The law was established as a means of ensuring compliance with the state’s Chemical Test for Intoxication Act.
The Administrative License Suspension Act has rendered most of the Implied Consent statute obsolete in terms of applicability; nonetheless, many of the fundamental principles have survived, including the following:
- The term “driver license” refers to any license to operate a motor vehicle granted under the statutes of the state of New York. To issue, suspend, cancel, or revoke an Alabama driver license or driving privilege, the Department of Public Safety has been granted the unique and exclusive jurisdiction to do so by legislation and case law1. Driver licenses in Alabama are granted based on their class. It is a class D license that allows the bearer to operate a non-commercial motor vehicle on public roadways in this state, subject to certain restrictions. Those who hold driver license classes A, B, and C are also in possession of Commercial Driver Licenses2 (CDL), which are granted as an endorsement to the class D license. For a CDL, an applicant must first possess a valid class D license, be at least 21 years of age3, possess a valid medical certificate that meets the requirements set forth in Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations, and pass the written and driving examinations that are specific to the class of CDL that is being sought. Driver License class M is only valid for the operation of motorcycles and does not permit the driving of four-wheel vehicles. A class M license with a ‘B’ limitation is meant for motor-driven bikes and may be awarded to a 14 or 15-year-old who meets the other requirements of the state. Having the authority to operate a motor vehicle on public roadways in the state of Alabama, even if the motorist is unlicensed or has a license from another state, is referred to as driving privilege. Suspension of a driver’s license consists of the following actions: It is the temporary or limited time period withdrawal of a driver license or privilege that is referred to as “suspension of driving privilege.” Determining whether a suspension action is discretionary or required will rely on the legislation that authorizes the suspension action in question. The reinstatement of a driver’s license following a suspension order is generally accomplished upon completion of specified compliance requirements, such as the settlement of an unpaid or ‘outstanding’ traffic violation, or the serving of a limited duration license removal as a result of a conviction, as well as the payment of the required reinstatement fee to the Division of Public Safety. Driver’s License Suspension/Revocation: The complete and total revocation of a driver’s license or privilege is known as revocation. It is almost typically the outcome of a significant traffic violation conviction that results in revocation, and it is generally a necessary responsibility of the Director of Public Safety4. In order to obtain a new driver’s license upon the completion of the requisite time of revocation, the affected individual must submit a formal application for a new license. In addition, the applicant for re-licensing after revocation must comply with the Safety Responsibility Law5, pay the relevant reinstatement fees, and pass the driver license examination. According to the Code of Alabama, there is no set time frame in which either the revocation order or the motorist’s application for re-licensing must be completed before the order can be lifted. According to Section 760-X-1-.02 of the Alabama Administrative Code, Reinstatement of Driving Privileges After Revocation, “The Director of Public Safety may, at any time after the expiration of six months from the date of revocation, reinstate a person’s driving privilege who has had his or her driving privilege revoked.” A revocation order is in effect for six (6) months for each revocation order, unless otherwise provided by legislation, such as the one-year revocation period required in 32-5A-191(f) for second offense DUI or the three-year revocation period given in 32-5A-191(g) for third offense DUI. Regardless of whether the second (or third) license removal action is entered before the first removal action is fully served, each license removal action must be served in succession, with the first removal action completed in its entirety prior to the start of the second removal action. It was recently decided in the case of Alabama Department of Public Safety v. Barbour, which was a first-of-its-kind decision in this state, that driving license suspension periods should be counted sequentially rather than continuously, rather than concurrently, as previously thought. Because of this, the Department of Public Safety’s practice of “stacking” each license removal action into a continuous period of license removal was legal. When a driving license is cancelled, it means that the person’s license has been revoked or terminated by official action taken by the Director of Public Safety because of a mistake or omission during the application process. (According to the most common scenario, the applicant neglected to reveal a prior suspension or license revocation action in another state, and the Department of Public Safety did not find this pre-existing condition until the National Driver Register sent notification to the license state.) A cancellation is neither a suspension nor a revocation
- Rather, it is a sort of license removal that requires the disqualified licensee to clear the prior state before being able to hold an Alabama driver’s license again. Vehicle Operator’s License Compact (currently in effect): There are several interstate compacts in place, including the Driver License Compact (DLC), which allows the various states to exchange information about license suspensions and traffic violations of non-residents and forward that information to the state where the motorist is licensed, also known as the home state. The offense will be treated as if it had been committed in the home state, with home state laws being applied to the out-of-state offense by the home state attorney general. There are 45 states that are currently participants of the Driver License Compact (DLC). When a licensee’s state (the state of issue) receives notification of a violation occurring outside of the state, the licensee’s state (the state of issuance) is obligated to take reciprocal action in accordance with the requirements of the licensee’s state legislation. Because of its participation in the DLC, Alabama has been a member since 1966. Refer to Section 32-6-30 et seq. of the Code of Alabama (1975). Violator Compact with Nonresidents (Pre-Existing): There are 45 states that have signed on to the Non-Resident Violator Compact (NRVC), which allows for the processing of traffic citations that cross state boundaries. Motorists who have been cited for traffic offences in a state that is not a member of the NRVC are required to post bond before their cases can be heard. Whenever a motorist is cited for a traffic violation in another member state and fails to respond to the citation (for example, by failing to appear in court or by settling the case prior to court), the state where the violation occurred notifies the driver’s home state, which in turn suspends the driver’s license until the motorist resolves his or her case in the other state. (Proposed/Pending) Driver’s License Agreement Developed by the Driver License Compact (DLC) and the Non-Resident Violator Compact (NRVC), the Driver License Agreement (DLA) is a new interstate compact written by the Joint Executive Board of the Driver License Compact (DLC) and the Non-Resident Violator Compact (NRVC), with assistance from the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA), a fifty-state organization comprised of motor vehicle and law enforcement administrators and executives Sixth, the DLA’s objectives are to require each state to honor licenses issued by other member states, to require each state to report traffic convictions to the licensing state, to prohibit a member state from confiscating an out of state drivers license or from jailing an out of state driver for a minor violation, and to require each state to maintain a complete driver’s history, including withdrawals and traffic convictions from non-DLA states. 7. Whenever a DLA member state receives a report about a licensee from a non-DLA member state, the member state will be compelled to handle the report as if it had originated from a member state. A state is required to add all out-of-state traffic convictions on the driver’s record, and the home state is required to apply its own rules to all out-of-state traffic convictions, just as it did under the prior compacts. The DLA permits other jurisdictions to access motor vehicle data in compliance with the Drivers’ Privacy Protection Act (DPPA), which does not apply to other nations, and to transmit the driver’s history if the motorist switches his or her driving license. A computerized database managed by the United States Department of Transportation that contains information about drivers who have had their licenses revoked or suspended, or who have been convicted of serious traffic violations such as driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, is the National Driver Register (NDR). Individuals who have lost their driving privileges or who have been convicted of a significant traffic offence are identified by the National Driver Registry (NDR), which receives the information from state driver licensing organizations. In order to search the National Driver Register, the Problem Driver Pointer System (or PDPS) is employed (NDR). All 51 jurisdictions in the United States have contributed information about problem drivers to this collection. If an NDR search yields useful information, the PDPS will “direct” the enquiring jurisdiction to the State of Record, which has information on the driver’s current status and driving history of the individual. Together with the Commercial Driver License Information System (CDLIS), PDPS will notify licensing authorities when the subject of an enquiry has been subjected to a prior license revocation action in another state. Law governing administrative license suspensions is known as the Administrative License Suspension Act. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration refers to this section of the law as “Administrative License Revocation,” and it is intended to identify alcohol-related traffic offenders quickly based on chemical test results alone, and to subject the offender to immediate driver license suspension after being identified. Originally passed in 1996, Alabama’s administrative license suspension statute has since been revised, with the majority of changes being in the favor of licensees. A number of overlapping and competing concerns are addressed in the present version of the Act, including the previously approved Implied Consent legislation and the existing DUI statute. The Administrative License Suspension Act’s intended purpose is to expeditiously remove the arrested subject’s driver’s license through an informal, non-judicial administrative process, thereby eliminating the incentive for the arrested motorist to delay license removal while waiting for the final disposition of a criminal trial. In 1971, the Alabama Legislature passed the Implied Consent Law, which can be found in Code of Alabama, 1975, § 32-5-192. The law was created to ensure that the state’s Chemical Test for Intoxication Act was followed. The Administrative License Suspension Act has rendered most of the Implied Consent statute obsolete in terms of applicability
- Nonetheless, many of the key principles have survived. These are some of them:
One caveat: Section 32-5-316 of the Code of Alabama (1975) authorizes “any court of competent jurisdiction” trying a case involving the operation of a motor vehicle and the violation of any criminal statute or ordinance to enter an order, in its discretion, prohibiting the operation of a motor vehicle on any public road or highway for a period specified by the court or for an indefinite period of time, as the court may decide.
In the more than three decades that this editor has worked in traffic law and law enforcement, I have only witnessed one such court-ordered entry, which occurred in the case of a DUI-related death that was prosecuted as murder, and upon conviction, the trial court entered a lifetime revocation of the defendant’s driver’s license.
- a “combination” vehicle with a gross combined weight rating (GVWR) of 26,000 pounds or more is needed to have a class A license.
- In most cases, the car being towed cannot weigh more than 10,000 pounds.
- CDL endorsements are necessary for unique transportation needs such as double/triple trailers, hazardous products, and other special transportation requirements.
- For the hazardous materials endorsement, federal regulations provided by the Department of Homeland Security/Transportation Safety Administration demand a background check and fingerprints, which is performed by the Transportation Safety Administration.
- 4 See, for example, Section 32-5A-195 (j) of the Code of Alabama, which states: It is the Director of Public Safety’s obligatory obligation to terminate a driver’s license or privilege upon obtaining information about a previous criminal conviction for any of the following crimes:
- Automobile-related homicide or manslaughter
- In the case of a second or subsequent conviction for driving under the influence within a five-year period
- Any offense in which a motor vehicle was utilized
- Any felony in which a firearm was used
- An individual’s failure to stop (also known as ‘Leaving the Scene of an Accident’) results in the death or serious harm of another. In any driving license or registration requirement, perjury or the submission of a false affidavit to the Director of Public Safety is prohibited. Verdicts on three (3) accusations of reckless driving during a 12-month period An unauthorized use of a motor vehicle that does not result in the conviction of a felon is defined as follows:
5According to Section 32-7-31 of the Code of Alabama, 1975, the Director of Public Safety must obtain proof of financial responsibility for a period of three years from the date of any revocation order. In most cases, this is referred to as the SR-22 requirement, and it necessitates the motorist posting a certificate of SR-22 insurance with the Department of Public Safety’s Safety Responsibility Unit prior to being eligible for re-licensing. 6 As a tax-exempt, non-profit organization, the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA) is responsible for developing and coordinating model programs in motor vehicle administration, law enforcement, and highway safety.
The American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA) was established in 1933 to represent state and provincial authorities in the United States and Canada who administer and enforce motor vehicle regulations.
The activities of the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA) promote standardization and reciprocity across the states and provinces. The organisation also acts as a point of contact for various levels of government as well as the private industry.