How Do I Prove That I Get Paid Adoption Subsidy? (Best solution)

Does the adoption subsidy include medical assistance?

  • However, at the time of his adoption, the subsidy we received included state medical assistance only, with no additional monthly assistance. There is also assistance in the form of the adoption tax credit. This credit is available for five years following the year you completed your adoption.

Do you have to report adoption subsidy on taxes?

Tax benefits for adoption include both a tax credit for qualified adoption expenses paid to adopt an eligible child and an exclusion from income for employer-provided adoption assistance. The credit is nonrefundable, which means it’s limited to your tax liability for the year. 4

Do adoption subsidies count as income?

Because adoption assistance is not considered taxable income by the IRS *, families may think that it will not count as income for other government programs. Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) — Foster care or adoption assistance payments are not considered income.

How long does adoption subsidy last?

The recurring assistance, in the form of monthly adoption subsidy payments can, under recently enacted federal law, continue until the child reaches age 21. The monthly payments also follow the child from one state to another, if the childs family moves.

Do adoptive parents receive a stipend?

Depending on the special needs of the child you adopt, you may or may not receive a monthly stipend. The stipend is to help cover any additional care your child may need based on learning disabilities, mental health needs, physical health issues, or other special needs of the child.

Can you receive SSI and adoption subsidy at the same time?

A child, if eligible, may receive benefits from both programs simultaneously. The adoptive parents of the child eligible to receive title IV-E adoption assistance payments and SSI benefits may make application for both programs and the child, if eligible, may receive benefits from both programs.

What can adoption subsidy be used for?

Adoption assistance (also known as adoption subsidy) provides support that helps adoptive families access medical care, counseling or therapy, special equipment, tutoring programs, and other supports that help them raise their children who have special needs.

What category does adoption assistance fall under?

Adoption Assistance, also known as adoption subsidies, provides financial help and services for children with physical, mental and developmental disabilities and their adoptive parents. Each state agency has its own definition of “special needs” used to identify children eligible for adoption assistance.

Does adoption affect Social Security benefits?

You would typically only be eligible to receive social security benefits from your birth parents if you were adopted as result of their death and you received survivor benefits. Adoptees can benefit from their adoptive parents’ social security the same as anyone else, so your adoption won’t really affect the process.

How much money do you get back on taxes for adopting a child?

For adoptions finalized in 2021, there is a federal adoption tax credit of up to $14,440 per child. The 2021 adoption tax credit is NOT refundable, which means taxpayers can only use the credit if they have federal income tax liability (see below).

How much do foster parents get paid per child?

Payments Summary Fostering Agencies also pay foster carers a professional fee. The fee is an income payment for the foster carer. The allowance and fee average a total weekly minimum payment of £450 for each child.

Do you get money for adopting a child UK?

Adoption pay and leave Adoption pay is equal to 90% of your salary for the first 6 weeks of pay. The remaining 33 weeks are paid at £145.18 a week or 90% of your gross average weekly earnings (whichever is lower). If you are in a couple and both of you work, you may also share parental leave and pay.

Do adoptive parents get paid monthly?

Adoption and guardianship assistance programs are designed to help parents and relatives afford the costs associated with raising eligible children and youth in foster care. Benefits vary by State but commonly include monthly cash payments, medical assistance, and nonrecurring adoption expenses, among others.

Does the government fund adoption?

The federal government gives adopters a big break in the form of an income tax credit of $10,160 for adoption expenses. If you adopt two children, then you can take double the adoption expenses as a credit, or up to $20,320.

Who To Contact If Adoption Assistance Payment Is Late

Frequently, the National Adoption Coordination Center (NACAC) gets inquiries from adoptive parents who have questions concerning their adoption aid payments. Usually, these calls are concerning a payment that hasn’t been received, but occasionally, they are about how payments might be made, particularly through direct deposit. The following table contains the information we have for each state that has replied to our survey.


The day on which the cheque is issued changes from month to month. Families that receive a paper check will be notified of the date of the following month’s check by the check stub on the envelope. People who have direct deposit will be notified by email when their payment has been posted to their account. They will also be notified by email when their payment will be processed for next month, if they have direct deposit. Families who are experiencing difficulties receiving their payment or who desire to set up direct deposit should contact their Adoption Subsidy Specialist.

The phone numbers for the Phoenix and Tucson offices are 602-771-6470 and 520-885-8002, respectively.


Every county is in charge of administering their own program. If payment for adoption help is not received, families should contact the finance department of the county that pays the adoption assistance. The timetables differ from county to county. In Colorado, all adoption aid payments are made by direct transfer only.


The cheques are usually delivered to parents by the 10th of the month. In Georgia, electronic payments are accepted through direct deposit or debit card transactions. When it comes to families that wish to make the changeover from paper payments to electronic payments, they should contact their county of residency for assistance. Families who are experiencing difficulties with their payments may contact Mr. Adrian Owens at 404-657-3558 or [email protected] for assistance.


Hawaii sends its employees’ paychecks four days before the end of the month. If the adoption subsidy check is not received within a reasonable amount of time, the family should contact the adoption unit that handled the adoption subsidy. If the family changes residence, the adoption unit should be notified immediately so that subsequent payments may be issued to the right location.


Personnel from the Department of Homeland Security must be authorized by their peers, and they are allowed to do so by the beginning of the month. Normally, checks are mailed out by the 5th of the month, and direct deposit payments are processed by the 9th of the month, unless otherwise specified. Holidays and weekends might cause a certain date in a month to be moved about. According to IFAPA, an estimated timetable is kept on file. Contacting their subsidy worker should be the first step if a family is experiencing difficulties with their payment or want to set up direct deposit.

If they are unsure of the identity of their subsidy worker, they should contact their local DHS office or Tracey Parker at 515-281-8799 or [email protected] for more assistance.


On the third Monday of each month, adoption subsidy checks are processed. Checks will be given the following week, and direct deposits will be made by the following Friday. For any concerns with their payment, adoptive families should contact their Regional Billing Specialist, who may be located here. Kentucky only accepts adoption subsidies in the form of direct deposit or debit card payments. Within the first 30 days of the adoption subsidy program’s inception, new couples will get a paper check and the chance to select between the two options.

3826 for assistance.


Adoption subsidy payments are mailed out twice a week on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Adoption subsidy payments can be made directly to families’ bank accounts through direct deposit. Families who are experiencing difficulties with their payments can call Kristi Poole, Michelle O’Ryan, or Susan Harris at 207-624-7966 for assistance.


If you have any questions about the subsidy, please contact [email protected] [email protected] via email. You can also call 617-748-2443 and dialextensions 1 (for renewals), 2 (payment problem), 3 (Masshealth), 4 (Tuition and Fee Waiver), or 5 (Tuition and Fee Waiver). Include your name, child’s name, case ID (if applicable, parentSSI), and phone number (Spanish Speaking).


Adoption subsidy cheques in Maryland are typically received by the 12th of the following month. If adoptive parents have any questions or concerns about their payment, they may call the Maryland Department of Human Services at 1-877-347-2729 for late payments of Maryland adoption subsidies. Families have the option of receiving their money by cheque or direct deposit.


Make contact with your Caseload Analysts are assigned based on their last name.


Applicants for adoption/kinship assistance may be able to obtain funds through direct deposit. They can make arrangements with their specialist to do so. Payments are made on the 2nd Wednesday of each month, unless otherwise specified. If a payment is late, you can check the Benefits Information Portal web page to determine if the payments are being held up due to a processing issue or if the payment is just being held up. If the problem is not related to the system, you should consult with your professional.

Last Name Specialist Phone E-mail
A-B andW-Z Sue Koch 651-431-4683 [email protected]
C-G Kristie Krumwiede 651-431-4719 [email protected]
H-Lev Tiffany Price 651-431-4732 [email protected]
Lew-Q Rebecca McNeil 651-431-4723 [email protected]
R-V Sia Vang 651-431-4724 [email protected]


Every month, on the 15th of the month, the adoption subsidy is sent to the family’s EPPICard (Debit Card). If a family has not received their money, they should contact the staff member whose last name corresponds to the adoptive parent’s. Families who share a last name with you A-LLaQuita [email protected] [email protected] Families who share a last name with you M-ZCarmelita (Connie) [email protected] (Connie) [email protected]


Payments for Adoption Assistance are made on the fourth working day of the following month. If you have opted for direct deposit, you should expect to receive your money within 2-3 business days, depending on the processing time of your financial institution. It is likely that you will receive a paper check shortly after receiving it, depending on how long it takes for the mail to arrive. Contact Kyla Rock, Post Adoption Services Program Manager at 406-841-2464 or [email protected] if you have not received your payment within 30 days.

New Hampshire

On the 4th working day of each month, adoption assistance funds are distributed. In the event that you have opted for direct deposit, you should receive your funds within 2-3 business days, depending on the processing time of your financial institution. According to the length of time it takes for mail to arrive, you should receive a paper check shortly after receiving it. Kyla Rock, Post Adoption Services Program [email protected] If you have not received your payment, please contact: Visit this link and complete the enrollment form if you would like to be enrolled in direct deposit.

New Mexico

Adoption assistance in New Mexico is paid by direct deposit or debit card transactions. The Department of Finance Authority is in charge of determining the timetable. Jason Deherrera can be reached at 505-827-8413 or at [email protected] if parents have any questions or concerns regarding the payments or the timing of the payments.

North Dakota

Checks are mailed out on the first Thursday of each month, unless it is the first or second day of the month, in which case it will be mailed out on the second Thursday of the following month (8th or 9th). Payments made by direct deposit will be credited to your account the day after your checks are sent. It will not be possible for the state to commence the stop payment/reissue process until the check has been past due for more than 10 days. Make contact with your county adoption subsidy worker or the appropriate state office to get started on this procedure.

Interested families should speak with either their county adoption subsidy worker or the state office if they wish to receive their subsidy payment via direct deposit.


The payment day is the 15th of the month, and payments are not deemed late until the 25th; nevertheless, there may be certain months in which payments are issued sooner than the 15th of the month. Every family has a Post Adoption Services worker allocated to them; this is the person you should call if your payment is late. For information about the allocated worker and their supervisor, please see this web page. Direct deposit is an option for families that wish to get their aid. After the adoption has been finalized and the parents have decided on direct deposit, they can contact Conduent (XEROX) for assistance in setting up direct deposit.

The telephone number for Conduent (XEROX) is 888-401-9843. The best course of action for the parent is to contact their individual worker first; if they require another card, they may contact Conduent (XEROX) at the number shown above and request that another card be supplied to them.


Tennessean adoption aid is best delivered to adoptive families by direct deposit; however, handwritten cheques are still accepted. Amounts due for adoption assistance are distributed on the 15th of each month. People who are having difficulties making their payments should contact John Johnson at 615-253-6351 or [email protected] if they have any questions or concerns.

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The state of Texas does not have a set deadline for processing. Families should notify their Regional Adoption Assistance Specialist if payment has not been received by the 15th of the month or if it has been received beyond that date. Families who qualify for adoption assistance can get their funds through direct deposit. It may be set up through the state office or a Regional Adoption Assistance Specialist. It will take between 30 and 60 days, during which time the adoptive family will continue to receive a paper cheque in their mailbox.


Payroll checks are mailed out or direct deposited on the Friday after the first Wednesday of each month on the first Friday of the month. When families are having difficulties making their payments, they should contact their Adoption Assistance work, which is listed on both the original agreement and the yearly mailings. Families who do not know who their worker is can get in touch with Marty Shannon at 801-538-4171 or [email protected] for assistance.


Get in touch with your Adoption Support Consultants, who are allocated to you based on your region and last name.

West Virginia

Payments for adoption assistance are made on (or around) the eighth business day of the month and are a reimbursement for the previous month’s services. Adoption aid payments from the state can be made through direct transfer. Alicia McIntire may be reached at (304) 647-7476 Ext: 76355 or [email protected] if you need to set up direct deposit or report payments that are late.

US Adoption Assistance/Subsidy

Are you thinking about adopting a child who was raised in foster care? Or did you previously adopt a child from a foster care situation? In many circumstances, you will be able to get assistance!

Why Does Adoption Assistance Matter?

Foster children awaiting adoption, as well as children who have previously been adopted from foster care, have a variety of needs that include physical, mental, and developmental requirements. According to research, these children are at an increased risk of developing moderate to severe health issues, learning challenges, developmental delays, physical impairments, and mental health concerns as a result of their genetic background. In many circumstances, their adoptive families require assistance in order to satisfy their requirements.

Support for adoptive families to receive medical care, counseling or therapy, special equipment, tutoring programs, and other services that would aid them in raising their children who have special needs is provided through adoption assistance (also known as adoption subsidy) or adoption subsidy.

Who Is Eligible for Adoption Assistance

Adoption support is offered to children who have been found by the state or county to be unable to be adopted without the assistance of adoption assistance. For the purposes of determining eligibility for adoption assistance, these children are referred to as “special needs.” Adoption support is available to around 90 percent of children adopted from foster care in the United States. Programs and benefits differ from state to state; thus, you should review your state’s adoption aid profile to learn more about how it defines “special needs” in this context.

What Does Adoption Assistance Include?

In most cases, adoption assistance/adoption subsidy consists of three categories of benefits:

  • Payments are made on a monthly basis and vary depending on the age of the kid, his or her requirements, and the state. Coverage under Medicaid
  • A reimbursement for certain one-time adoption fees (also known as nonrecurring adoption expenses)
  • And

In certain areas, benefits may also cover daycare, respite care, and other types of support services, among other things. Benefits vary from state to state and are tailored to the individual needs of each kid. View your state’s adoption aid profile to discover more about the programs and services available in your area.

How Do I Access Adoption Assistance?

Adoption support is provided for the vast majority of children adopted from foster care, while procedures differ from state to state. In the case of an adoption, you can speak with your social worker about the support available for a specific kid or sibling group that you are interested in fostering or adopting. If you have previously adopted from foster care and would want adoption aid or would like to request an increase in adoption assistance, you can look into the processes in the state where you adopted.

Learn More

For the most majority of children adopted from foster care, adoption aid is accessible; nevertheless, adoption policies differ from one state to another. Adoption workers can advise you on the assistance available for a specific kid or sibling group that you are interested in if you are in the process of becoming a parent. In the event that you have previously adopted a child from foster care and would want adoption aid or would like to request an increase in adoption assistance, you may look into the processes in the state from which you adopted.

  • Learn about the adoption help or adoption subsidy programs available in each state. The following are some of the most important themes in adoption aid (see the most popular topics below/view the entire list):
  • Eligibility and Benefits for Federal (IV-E) Adoption Assistance
  • Negotiating Adoption Assistance/Adoption Subsidy Agreements
  • Adoption Assistance/Adoption Subsidy Agreements
  • Issues Concerning Adoption Assistance Across State Lines: Expenses for College for Your Adopted Child
  • What Happens When You Adopt from Another State or Move After Your Adoption
  • What Happens When You Adopt from Another Country
  • Adoption Assistance and Adoption Tax Issues
  • Obtaining Adoption Assistance/Adoption Subsidies after Adoption Finalization
  • Adoption Assistance and Adoption Tax Issues
  • Revisit the main terms that are frequently spoken in talks concerning adoption aid. See a list of all of the adoption support programs available in each state
  • For further information, please call 800-470-6665 or 651-644-3036, or email [email protected]

The Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption provides a significant portion of the funding for the Adoption Subsidy Resource Center. We are appreciative for the help provided by the foundation.

Adoption and Guardianship Assistance by State

Several programs, including adoption and guardianship aid, are meant to assist parents and relatives in meeting the financial obligations of raising qualifying children and youngsters in foster care. Various benefits are available in different states, but the most frequent are monthly cash payments, medical help, and nonrecurring adoption expenditures, among other things. The adoption and guardianship help database contains descriptions of State rules on accessible programs and services in each state, as well as information on how to obtain assistance.

Choose one of the following two options: A) Choose a state from the drop-down menu to get questions and answers on state policies on adoption and guardianship aid, as well as post-adoption services.

Despite the fact that every effort has been taken to ensure that this material is thorough and up-to-date, further information can be obtained in state legislation, the state administrative code, and/or the websites of state agencies.

If you become aware of any modifications to the existing policy, please notify Information Gateway immediately. Following are some resources for adoption, postadoption, and guardianship support that you may find useful:

  • Guides and manuals for each state, as well as services for postadoption and permanency support, as well as State Adoption Program Managers and Supervisors of Permanency/Guardianship Support, as well as State Adoption Assistance Specialists. National Foster CareAdoption Directory Search
  • Adoption costs and sources of financial support
  • Foster/Adoptive Family Associations /Coalitions in each state
  • State Foster/Adoptive Family Associations /Coalitions in each state

MDHHS – Adoption Assistance Payments

  • The Medical Subsidy policy was revised on April 21, 2011. Policy modifications were implemented in response to the observed needs of the families with whom the Adoption and Guardianship Assistance Office works on a daily basis, as well as their proposals and those of community partners that work with adoptive and guardianship families in the community. Changes include: increased funding for medical and dental needs not covered by insurance, increased flexibility with tutoring and camp funds to allow families the opportunity to access services that best meet their child’s needs, and an expansion of mental health funding, including the addition of respite funds, in order to encourage the use of community treatment options. To see the whole policy, AAM 640, please see the link provided below. In order to obtain further information about programs that might benefit your family and the prior approval procedure to acquire financing, please contact your assigned continuing worker. Important information for everyone who receives payments from the State of Michigan has been released. Please take time to read this carefully. The new SIGMA (Statewide Integrated Governmental Management Applications) system will process payments given to foster care parents, private providers, adoptive parents, and service providers starting on October 3, 2017. Resources for Adoptive Parents in Additional Languages

Important News from the Adoption and Guardianship Assistance Office:

  • Our team is hard at work trying to get in touch with all of the families who have not yet completed their yearly reports for the year 2020. To help parents who have not yet completed the annual report for the current calendar year, we are reaching out to them via phone, mail, and email, among other methods. Every year, every kid who receives help is required to submit a completed yearly report. In order for payments to continue, the yearly report must be filed within the month in which the kid was born. You will get a letter from the Adoption and Guardianship Assistance Office (AGAO) if you have not completed your child’s yearly report for 2020 by the time their birthday arrives. Please contact the analyst assigned to your case so that we may help you. Thank you for your time and consideration. Contact Information for AGAO Employees

Post-Adoption Parent Resources

Adoption Assistance is handed out on a biweekly basis. You should allow for typical mailing time beyond the payment date, and you should wait at least five days following the anticipated payment date before reporting that you have not received your check. EFT payments are credited to your account one business day following the issuance date specified in the schedule, unless otherwise specified. If you have any queries concerning adoption assistance, you may find a list of contacts by clicking here.

Pay Period Tentative Warrant Date
January Thursday, January 6, 2022
February Thursday, February 10, 2022
March Thursday, March 10, 2022
April Thursday, April 7, 2022
May Thursday, May 5, 2022
June Thursday, June 9, 2022
July Thursday, July 8, 2022
August Thursday, August 4, 2022
September Friday, September 9, 2022
October Thursday, October 6, 2022
November Thursday, November 10, 2022
December Thursday, December 8, 2022

The following dates are subject to change without notice.

Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

Enroll in electronic funds transfer (EFT) to allow the state to deposit funds into your bank account directly. There are a variety of reasons why you would desire to utilize EFT, including:

  • Elect to have your money deposited straight into your bank account by signing up for electronic funds transfer (EFT). EFT may be beneficial for a variety of reasons, including:

Register as a vendor through the State of Michigan SIGMA Vendor Self Service website (VSS). If you want assistance with this procedure, please go to the registration instruction. You may also obtain a copy of the Electronic Funds Transfer (Direct Deposit) Authorization for Vendor Payments form by visiting the website listed above. If you are having difficulties with online enrolling, you can contact 888-734-9749 for help. If you relocate, be sure to update your contact information online as well as with the Adoption and Guardianship Assistance office to ensure that your information is current.

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Change of Address

Changes in mailing addresses must be submitted in writing. Make certain you include the following:

  • Identifying information for parents: name, phone number, child’s name, and date of birth
  • Complete old address
  • Complete new address, and effective date of new address
  • Parent’s signature

If you do not make your subsidy payments using electronic funds transfer (EFT), be careful to send this information as soon as possible to prevent receiving a delayed check payment. Information should be sent to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services. Postal Address: Suite 612P.O. Box 30037Lansing, MI 48909Adoption and Guardianship Assistance Office

A Guide to Adoption Subsidies and Assistance for Adoptive Parents

Adoption subsidies are now widely regarded as a key component of ensuring the long-term well-being of some of the country’s most disadvantaged children and youth. Children adopted from foster care in the United States, as well as children with special needs who are adopted privately, are eligible for these benefits. The majority of the time, the advantages are provided until the kid reaches the age of majority.

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Who Provides Adoption Subsidies?

Adoption subsidies are available through either the Title IV-E program or a non-Title IV-E program, depending on the circumstances. Children are not eligible for both Title IV-E and non-Title IV-E benefits at the same time. According to the Title IV-E program, the federal government is responsible for at least a share of the subsidy benefits. The balance of the costs is covered by the state and/or the county. Even while the federal part paid for each kid is usually stable, the amount that states and counties augment is depending on the policies of specific governments and can vary substantially from one state to the next.

When a kid’s level of need is determined by factors such as medical requirements and difficulty in obtaining a placement, the state will use this information to decide which programs a child is qualified for.

The purpose of this page is to provide information on Title IV-E adoption subsidies because non-Title IV-E benefits are handled entirely at the state level.

What Does an Adoption Subsidy Provide?

A Title IV-E adoption subsidy is typically comprised of four major advantages, which are as follows:

  • Medicaid (or its state equivalent)
  • One-time compensation for adoption expenditures
  • Access to post-adoption support programs
  • And a monthly stipend

During the application and approval process, families designate which of these benefits they would like to apply for, and the state or county must indicate whether or not they have received final approval or refusal for each individual component for which they applied during the process. The monthly stipendis meant to assist a family in meeting their financial obligations that are not covered by insurance. Examples include the following:

  • The cost of therapeutic equipment, specialized transportation, gas to and from appointments, reimbursement for additional time off work, and home changes required in order to accommodate a handicap are all covered expenses.

Depending on the state that is providing the subsidy, this amount may be set in stone based on the established degree of need, or it may be adjustable based on the circumstances of each particular kid who applies for assistance. It is possible to find matching rates for each degree of need even within states with fixed rates. Because of all of the variations within and between states, as well as across rate levels, the monthly stipend might range anywhere from $250 and $2,500 per month. Medicaid is frequently the most important factor in determining whether or not an adoptive family would be eligible for a subsidy.

  1. However, the majority of children who are eligible for financial support are at risk of having a larger need for professional medical and/or mental health care in the future than other children.
  2. Medicaid can act as a supplemental insurance for families that already have private insurance to cover the adopted kid, and it can assist with co-pays and deductibles for the adopted child.
  3. To receive home health nursing or therapeutic services, for example, a kid may be needed to be insured by Medicaid in order to qualify.
  4. The amount of compensation and the sort of qualifying cost that is eligible for reimbursement varies from state to state.
  5. In private adoptions, practically any aspect of the procedure is eligible for compensation, including travel expenses.
  6. Many jurisdictions allow access to some or all of the PASS services regardless of whether or not a subsidy application has been approved, whilst other states require subsidy eligibility for some or all of the PASS services.

A second point to mention is that the level to which states provide assistance varies greatly. For example, some states have huge resources accessible to families while others are extremely limited in what they can provide. Examples of PASS include the following:

  • Free counseling for the kid and/or other members of his or her household
  • Financial assistance for house improvements to accommodate a handicap on an annual basis
  • Financial assistance for child care on a monthly basis Meetings of the support group
  • Access to skilled advocates who can assist students in navigating educational systems
  • Families can connect with one another via the use of specialized events.

Who Is Eligible for an Adoption Subsidy?

Adoption subsidies are awarded based on a set of criteria, rather than on the sort of adoption being sought. However, while there are minor changes across states, the most important components of eligibility determination are the same throughout the country.

Type IV-E Subsidies Eligibility

The first step is for a kid to demonstrate that he or she has special needs that qualify him or her for Title IV-E eligibility. These are the three requirements that must be met:

  1. It has been determined by the child welfare authority that the child cannot or should not be returned to the birth parents’ home
  2. The child has a medical condition or other factor in their situation that makes them more difficult to place for adoption, such as being a member of a large sibling group, age, or other factors
  3. A reasonable but unsuccessful attempt to place the child with a family that does not require the subsidy
  4. Or the child has developed an emotional attachment to the family with whom they are placed and it is not in the child’s best interests to move to a new placement solely for the purpose of avoiding subsidy provision

In addition to meeting all three of those requirements, a kid must additionally meet the requirements for at least one of the following categories:

  1. The child must be the child of a minor parent who is also eligible for Title IV-E and who is already in foster care
  2. The child must be at least three years old at the end of the state’s fiscal year, or the sibling of a child three years or older at the end of the fiscal year who is also being adopted (this age restriction will be removed on July 1, 2024)
  3. And the child must have a birth family who met the income guidelines for Aid to Families and Dependent Children (AFDC) during

Adoption Subsidy Process – Application, Determination, and Provision

The state child welfare workers will assist with the application and determination procedure for children who have been adopted from foster care by their families. When adopting from foster care, adoptive families can and should request the assistance of an advocate to guide them through the process. Adoptive families can seek support through the North American Council for Adoptable Children (, which maintains a directory of advocates in practically every state that they can contact.

Before finalizing an adoption involving children whose previous adoptions were disrupted, it is recommended that the adoptive parents consult with an attorney or a licensed adoption agency in the state where the child’s previous adoption was disrupted to assist them with the application for transfer of the child’s Title IV-E benefits prior to the adoption’s completion.

SSI recipients who have a sufficient medical need to be eligible for the program are automatically eligible for a subsidy, as long as they fulfill the first three requirements for eligibility.

It is the adoptive parents’ or their attorney’s responsibility to contact subsidy advocates for assistance with the application process if there is no agency involved.

The application is forwarded to the state for assessment and approval.


A judgment of eligibility must be made and the family notified within a “reasonably quick” timeframe, according to the regulations. Even though some jurisdictions have their own laws for what constitutes “reasonably quick,” it might take many months to get notified that you are eligible for a program. Because of the subsidy procedure, it is not uncommon for adoption finalizations to be delayed. Family members should anticipate that their expectations regarding the timeline of the adoption process will need to be adjusted.

In most jurisdictions, it is strongly suggested, but not essential, that you retain the services of an experienced and qualified attorney during the appeals process.

However, while this is an additional price, the appeals process is complicated and full of deadlines and legal jargon that may be confusing to even the most experienced counsel. In addition, an experienced attorney may be able to give valuable insight about the chances of a reversal of the decision.


Whenever a kid is adopted from foster care, the state that has custody of the child is responsible for paying out any benefits that have been authorized for the child, regardless of whether or not the adoptive parents live in the state. It is the resident state of the adoptive parents that is in charge of everything in a private adoption; it is neither the state in where the kid was born, nor the state in which the custodial agency is based. Adoption contracts will be signed between the adoptive parents and the state or county, if the application is granted.

  • Subsidy benefits should begin immediately upon the completion of the finalization process.
  • In the event that there are any problems with getting a subsidy set up after the adoption is finalized, or with any benefits going forward, adoptive parents should make sure they know who to contact.
  • You will need to notify your subsidy worker of your relocation, and they will assist you with the necessary paperwork to ensure that your benefits are transferred to your new state.
  • Your child’s requirements may alter as he or she develops.
  • Renegotiating your monthly stipend and requesting extra perks that you may have previously denied are also options available to you.
  • This process is done completely between the state and the adoptive parents, and it is unusual that an advocate is required; nevertheless, advocates are available if you require assistance.

Tips for Applying for an Adoption Subsidy

Important considerations to bear in mind while applying for an adoption subsidy include the following:


While the benefits are essential for many families in order to provide long-term stability for their children, the application and approval procedure can be lengthy in certain jurisdictions. As long as a family receives a subsidy, they will be obligated to use state child welfare services to some level until the kid enters maturity (18 – 21 years old, depending on the state).

Do ask questions as the process goes along to make sure everything is being done correctly and promptly.

The last thing you want is to get turned down for a job because you overlooked a crucial step or misread the specifications. Ask inquiries until you have a clear understanding of what is required and when it is required. If you are dissatisfied with the responses you are receiving, you should speak with your supervisor or an advocate.

Do research the benefits specific to your state and county to have a grasp on what is available and what the child you hope to adopt is entitled to.

Because there is such a wide range of advantages from one state to another, it is a good idea to network with other adoptive parents in your region and reach out to advocates in your state.

Other adoptive parents can be a helpful resource since they have previously gone through the adoption process and have taken advantage of many of the resources that are available to them.

Do state clearly why you need the subsidy.

While you may not necessarily require all of the advantages that an adoption subsidy can give, if you claim that you might potentially adopt without one, many states will consider this as a basis for denying your adoption application. Remember, this is a benefit to which your kid is legally entitled, and it will assist you in ensuring that you are able to provide for them and their unique needs throughout the balance of his or her childhood.


Once you’ve completed your project, it’s extremely hard to qualify for and receive government assistance. The application and approval processes must be completed, with a signed subsidy agreement that has been completely executed prior to finalization, in order for the procedure to be considered genuine.

Do not accept a denial for invalid reasons.

It is possible that states and/or counties have not seen a subsidy application in quite some time, particularly in the case of private adoptions. It is possible that the employee with whom you speak is unaware of how to process your application or is misinformed about how the Title IV-E program is designed to operate. Verify the information you’ve been given with someone who is knowledgeable about federal regulations before acting on it.

Do not go it alone.

When it comes to pursuing a subsidy, you have a plethora of options at your disposal. Several resources are available to assist you during the adoption application process, including national programs, advocacy groups, adopted parents, and experienced attorneys/adoption agencies. A large number of these materials are available at no charge.

Do not underestimate the work that will go into the application and approval process.

Obtaining the application, filling it, gathering the necessary papers, and sending it back to the state will take a significant amount of time to complete properly and successfully. Parents will need to set aside additional time to communicate with persons in charge of the approval process and to ensure that the necessary permission documents is in place before the process can be completed. As a matter of fact, according to the author’s personal experience, processing a kid through a subsidy application in private adoption takes on average 100 hours each case.

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A Note for Adoption Professionals

If you are an adoption agency, an attorney, or a member of the public child welfare system, you may be asking why you should be worried about whether a family receives subsidized assistance. A number of adoption professionals believe it falls beyond the scope of their obligations as social and professional adoption counselors. In fact, it can be vital to the fundamental aim of all that those experts do – which is to promote children’s long-term family stability. If a family does not have the financial and logistical security provided by adoption subsidy support advantages, it is more probable that they will reach a moment of crisis when they will be forced to terminate an adoption.

Everyone involved in the adoption process has a responsibility to ensure that strong and suitable supports for permanency are in place prior to finalization, and adoption subsidy benefits are important for the most vulnerable children.

Additional Resources

The National Council For Adoption released the original version of this article in 2021. It is illegal to reproduce or reprint any part of this publication without the express written consent of the author.

New York Adoption Subsidies

By clicking on a highlighted term, you will be sent to the Glossary where you may read the definition of that phrase. To return to the text, press the Back button on your keyboard. In order to assist caseworkers in expediting the adoption subsidy eligibility and approval process, the following information has been provided, with a specific emphasis on handicapped assistance. It is fairly uncommon for adoption subsidy requests to be delayed when the quality or substance of supporting material that is submitted with the application does not support the rate that has been sought.

Providing sections of this material to these specialists may prove beneficial.

Caseworkers are urged to speak with their supervisors and legal personnel when faced with a difficult case situation.

What are Adoption Subsidies?

The availability of adoption subsidies is determined by the unique requirements of the child. Adoption subsidies are monthly maintenance payments (see Glossary:Maintenance Subsidy). As discussed in the glossary entry Adoption Placement, adopted children may be eligible for the federalMedical Assistanceprogram as well as the state-fundedMedical Subsidy. All adoption subsidies are subject to review and approval based on the presentation and approval of documentation that complies with all applicable legislative and regulatory criteria.

An adoption subsidy agreement is a legal arrangement between the prospective adoptive parent(s) and the local department of social services that provides financial assistance to them.

Medical Assistance and Medical Subsidies for impaired children continue to be provided within the same restrictions.

Why are Adoption Subsidies available?

Subsidies are available to assist in meeting the unique requirements of caring for disabled and difficult-to-place children, as well as to encourage and enable their adoption.

In order for children who are no longer able to remain with their biological families to find a loving and caring household, subsidies are provided.

Who qualifies?

In New York State, adoption subsidies are available for children who are disabled or difficult to place, and who are in the care and guardianship of a local commissioner of social services, an authorized volunteer agency, or a licensed or approved foster parent. Every kid in the guardianship and care of a commissioner or a voluntary agency in New York State may not be eligible for a government-sponsored program.

Eligibility Determination

Adoption subsidies are awarded in accordance with federal and state rules and regulations, among other factors. The assessment of eligibility involves verification that the kid complies with regulatory criteria, which must be supported by the provision and approval of all needed documents. Maintenance payments are normally calculated on the basis of the severity of the child’s need. If you want to be eligible for an adoption subsidy, your child’s need must fall within the range of the rate category designated by your local social service district.

How are applications submitted?

An adoption subsidy application, in the form of an adoption subsidy agreement, is submitted to the Department of Human Services for consideration and approval of eligibility. Prospective adoptive parents complete this agreement with the aid of their caseworker at an adoption agency or at the local social services district office where they will be placed. Except in cases where the Office has delegated its approval power to the local district, the application is submitted for review to the county and to the New York State Office of Children and Family Services for consideration.

Except in exceptional circumstances, all applications must be authorized prior to adoption finalization, unless the case falls within the limited window for post-finalization or upgrade requests.

What level of Adoption Subsidy payment will be approved?

A kid who is difficult to place and who qualifies for an adoption subsidy will often get a baseline amount of compensation. A kid who has been declared to be handicapped may be eligible for a subsidy at the basic, special, or exceptional rate depending on his or her circumstances. According to the medical and/or psychological documents provided, the degree of handicapped support is determined by an administrative determination. It is determined that the documentation evaluation is connected to the definitions of adoption subsidy rates in the regulations and classifications set by each social service district, as well as the rates themselves.

When it comes to gathering this information, the prospective adoptive parent(s) and the caseworker will decide who is in charge of doing so and who is responsible for ensuring that the correct documents is provided with the subsidy application.

Some districts calculate the percentage of the subsidy to be given based on the income of the parents and the size of the family. Districts are not permitted to approve less than 75% of the appropriate rate.

What is required documentation?

Regardless of the situation, the requirements demand that documentation be produced by either a medical practitioner, a psychologist, or a psychiatrist. Subsidies are determined by the severity of current issues, not the likelihood of future difficulties. The paperwork is not intended to determine whether or not the kid qualifies for the basic, special, or exceptional rate; rather, it is intended to explain the child’s needs. Doctors and mental health experts are not needed to be familiar with the regulations, and they are not expected to offer suggestions on rate structures or policies.

  • (Prior to finalization, submit an initial application.) It is almost always necessary to file adoption subsidy applications before they may be approved.
  • Applications for special consideration based on disabled status must include the supporting evidence specified above.
  • Doctors must be specific when discussing a child’s needs, including behaviors, the frequency and severity of the problem, the need for intervention, testing, results, diagnosis/diagnosis, treatment suggestions, and prognosis, among other things.
  • If an original application results in a fair hearing, a new application must be submitted and authorized prior to the finalization of the application following the fair hearing, unless an exception is made.
  • Applicants for non-IVE Maintenance and/or Medical Subsidies who have a preexisting ailment unknown to the adoptive parent at the time of finalization and who are identified after the adoption is finalized may be eligible for medical subsidies and/or non-IVE maintenance.
  • In addition, the medical or mental health expert must confirm the date of the diagnosis with the patient.
  • The government may request an application for an upgrade if the circumstances change to the point where the prerequisites to receive a higher rate are satisfied, as described above.
  • No upgrades will be granted for requests for unaltered or stable circumstances that existed at the time of adoption but were not properly documented.

Such requests will be denied. Local social services districts and the Office of Children and Family Services are in complete control of whether or not to give an upgrade to a child or family in need.

What doesn’t support subsidies?

Applications from potential adoptive parents, teachers, IEPs, OP-5 forms (or their equivalents), physical therapists, speech-language pathologists, and occupational therapy students are all included in the enormous number of applications. These sources can supplement, but not completely replace, the documentation that is required. It is acknowledged that medical practitioners have a large amount of work to complete; nonetheless, progress notes, rate authorizations, a prescription form identifying a condition, and a diagnosis without supporting psychosocial history will not be adequate proof for determining a rate.

Accepted documents must be visually appealing.

What about risk of future problems?

Many children have a high chance of having issues in the future that are already apparent at the time of the first adoption subsidy application, which is why many adoption subsidies are granted. When submitting the original subsidy request documents, it is possible that the risk will be documented. If linked difficulties result in increasing child need in the future, an application for an upgrade may be warranted. Children who acquire various sorts of difficulties that are not connected to preexisting conditions or that are not directly traceable to preadoptive circumstances will not be eligible for postadoptive support in the future.

What if the case doesn’t meet requirements for a subsidy?

There are situations when an adoption subsidy application does not fulfill any of the difficult-to-place requirements, and when supporting paperwork for the handicapped definition or the rate for which the application was submitted cannot be supplied. There should be every effort taken to ensure that the essential paperwork is readily available and can be thoroughly reviewed. However, if the case cannot be authorized as requested, and the parent(s) refuse to accept a lesser rate at which they qualify, or if they are ineligible for any other rate, the case will be declined by the insurance company.

Parents who have applied for adoption subsidies must get a refusal letter from local or state officials within sixty days of the application’s denial, informing them of their right to request a fair hearing.

Hearing officers evaluate the application in light of applicable legislation and regulations, and then provide a decision in response to the request for a fair hearing.

How can subsidies be expedited?

Adoption subsidies are granted as part of the adoption process in more than 80% of instances; as a result, it is critical that caseworkers are knowledgeable with the application procedure. The information required is not dissimilar from the information that should be utilized for determining the foster care rate in a given state (see Glossary:Foster Care Board Rate). The collection of accurate information that satisfies the criteria of the rules can begin far before the procedure of terminating parental rights is initiated.

When a kid is placed, it is possible to build a firm baseline of information that will not need to be changed. In order to make the application process go more quickly and easily, the following steps should be taken:


  • All children in care should have succinct, complete, and up-to-date records of exams from the experts who are responsible for them. It is only if this is done regularly from the moment a child is placed in foster care that families will get the right rates approved each year to meet the needs of the children, and parents will have reasonable expectations of the rate they are likely to receive. Consult with medical and mental health specialists to determine the aim of the examinations and the content that will be necessary
  • It is recommended that you conduct current tests so that you have updated reports accessible when the subsidy agreement is presented. Assess a child’s need in the context of CURRENT (as opposed to previous or future) circumstances
  • Assistance with essential training and resource identification to ensure that treatment recommendations are followed by prospective adoptive parent(s)
  • Examine all of the items that have been supplied. They must be comprehensive and up to date. Read 18 NYCRR 421.24 and 427.6 in your policy library to have a better understanding. Make use of this when making decisions
  • Send an email to NYSAS if you have any issues about rule interpretation or policy.


  • Prior to final approval, prospective adoptive parent(s) should be informed on the adoption rate. Request a rate that is not backed up by any supporting evidence
  • Submit information that is insufficient or that is more than one year old
  • Prior to the subsidy agreement being granted, adoptive parents should complete their adoption. As a result, payment will be jeopardized, and it is possible that no medical or maintenance payments will be made.

Please contact the New York State Adoption Service at 1-800-345-KIDS (5437) or by email at [email protected] if you would like further information.

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