How Much Subsidy To Farmers Get? (Correct answer)

  • Excluding loans and insurance payments, farmers received a record ​ $46.5 billion ​ from the government for 2020. That includes pandemic-related food relief, compensation for low prices and compensation for lost trade due to tariff disputes.

How much do farmers get paid from the government?

Government payments to the farm sector averaged $25,481 for those operations receiving payments, accounting for about eight percent of gross cash income and thirty-two percent of net cash income in 2019 for those farms.

Will farmers get payments in 2021?

1, 2021 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is in the process of issuing $1.8 billion in payments to agricultural producers who enrolled in the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs for the 2020 crop year. 18, 2021 and runs through March 15, 2022.

How much subsidy Indian farmers get?

Thus, farm subsidies form about two percent of India’s GDP. The total input subsidy per ha forms 18.17% of the farm income per ha, the price support subsidy per ha forms 2.46% of the farm income per ha and the total subsidy to farmers form about 21% of their farm income.

Do small farmers get subsidies?

Traditional Subsidies Are Dwarfed by Ad Hoc Programs Farmers can choose to take part in either ARC or PLC for the entire length of each farm bill, typically five years. Not every farm receives payments from these programs every year, but many do, and the programs send out billions of dollars annually.

Do farmers get free money from the government?

The $46 billion in direct government payments to farmers in 2020 broke the previous annual record by about $10 billion, even after accounting for inflation. The more crops they grew, the more government money they got, up to a cap of $250,000 per person.

How much do farmers make a year 2020?

The median annual wage for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers was $68,090 in May 2020. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.

How are farmers paid?

Gross cash farm income (GCFI) includes income from commodity cash receipts, farm-related income, and Government payments. Family farms (where the majority of the business is owned by the operator and individuals related to the operator) of various types together accounted for nearly 98 percent of U.S. farms in 2020.

What benefits do farmers get?

Sustainable farming methods create better food diversity, preserve water with more efficient facilities and drought-tolerant crops, and encourage better livestock health. Farmers represent a front line to defend against the risks of climate change. Organic agriculture forges a path for sustainable food supplies.

How do U.S. farm subsidies work?

Farm subsidies are government financial benefits paid to a specific industry—in this case, agribusiness. 1 These subsidies help reduce the risk farmers endure from the weather, commodities brokers, and disruptions in demand. Out of all the crops that farmers grow, the government subsidizes only five of them.

Are farmers eligible for the PPP program?

Farmers are eligible for PPP loans through the Small Business Administration (SBA), if they have fewer than 500 employees. Borrowers may be eligible for PPP Loan Forgiveness if certain conditions are met. The PPP loans are facilitated through participating lending institutions with established SBA relationships.

How is net farm income calculated?

Net Cash Farm Income = Total Cash income – Total Cash expense Net Farm Income from Operations (NFIFO) = Total Adjusted Income – Total Adjusted Expense Net Farm Income (NFI) = NFIFO + gain (or loss) of capital assets.

Which subsidies are highest in India?

Education as a sector claims the largest share of subsidies accounting for 21 per cent, followed by agriculture (12 per cent), irrigation (11 per cent), industries (10 per cent), power (9 per cent) and transport (7 per cent).

Which country give highest subsidy to farmers?

Out of 26 countries and the EU-28 analyzed by the OECD, agricultural subsidies were highest in the Philippines, followed by Indonesia. The government helped local farmers and consumers out to the tune of 3.1 percent of GDP in the Southeast Asian country.

Interactive Map: Farm Subsidies Ballooned Under Trump

The New Jersey Health Plan Savings (NJHPS) program will be available for the first time in 2021, allowing residents of the state to save money on their health insurance premiums. Depending on their income, people of Additional Jersey will be eligible for these new savings. New and enlarged NJHPS will be available to families with yearly earnings up to 600 percent of the federal poverty level. Individuals earning up to $77,280 per year and families earning up to $159,000 per year will be eligible for state subsidies to help them pay for health insurance starting in 2022.

Visit the New Jersey Health Plan Savings website for additional information.

NJ FamilyCare is a publicly funded health insurance program that provides free or low cost coverage.

CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program): If your household income is at or below 355 percent of the federal poverty level ($7,914 per month for a family of four), your Marketplace application may discover that your children are likely to qualify forNJ FamilyCare, a publicly funded health insurance program for children that provides free or low-cost coverage to eligible children.

  • TheMarket Facilitation Program, or MFP, compensated farmers for losses caused by tariffs imposed by China on agricultural imports from the United States in retaliation for Trump’s trade war in 2018 and 2019
  • The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, or CFAP, compensated farmers for losses caused by the Zika virus in the United States in 2018. Applications for this year’s harvest are still being accepted by the USDA, but Biden has imposed a halt on payouts until further notice.

The total amount of ARC and PLC payments received from its beginning in 2014 to 2019, the most recent year for which payments were received, was $32.04 billion. However, in the final two years of the Obama administration and the first two years of the Trump administration, ad hoc subsidies far outstripped the total payments from those traditional programs: a total of $49.08 billion in five years of annual disaster payments, two years of MFP payments, and two years of CFAP payments through October of last year.

  1. The figure below depicts the increase in farm subsidies since the beginning of the MFP in 2018, when the MFP was implemented.
  2. As a result, the Congressional Budget Office has supplied an estimate of ARC and PLC payments for 2020, which is shown in the chart below.
  3. The majority of the payments were made to just eight states: Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Texas, with the remainder going to other states.
  4. Since 2014, yearly county-by-county subsidy payments have been plotted on the interactive map below.
  5. Investigate the Map It is not simply the large expenditures of government funds that are a consequence of inefficient agriculture subsidies.
  6. An examination of USDA records reveals that government subsidies are being used to subsidize farmers in counties with high levels of nitrate pollution.
  7. Six of the ten most heavily subsidized counties in the United States are located in the San Joaquin Valley: Fresno, Kern, Kings, Merced, Stanislaus, and Tulare.
  8. In contrast to this, all of the conventional and ad hoc subsidies described above represent a small portion of the overall payments made to American farmers each year.
  9. Conservation programs also give payments to farmers on a yearly basis, although the amounts paid are far lower than agricultural subsidies or crop insurance payments to farmers.

Farms classified as “family farms” account for 98 percent of all agricultural production in the United States, with the top 0.3 percent being classified as “extremely big family farms.” Each of these large farms generates a gross farm revenue of at least $5 million per year and supplied its operators with a median family income of slightly less than $1 million in 2019.

Tiny farms that are struggling when crop prices are low or amid the economic crisis precipitated by the epidemic receive just a small part of the funds available.

It’s not by chance that the programs are structured in such a way that farmers with the most acres or the most crop output receive the greatest compensation. For example, with the MFP in 2018 and 2019, the following may be accomplished:

  • The top one percent of beneficiaries got 16 percent of the overall payouts, with an average total payment per farm of $524,298 for both years in the top one percent. The top 10 percent of recipients received 58 percent of payments, with an average total payment of $185,340
  • The bottom 80 percent of recipients received only 23 percent of payments, with an average payment of only $9,109 per recipient for both years
  • And the bottom 80 percent of recipients received only 23 percent of payments.

The payout concentrations for the ARC, PLC, and CFAP schemes were very similar. But, in comparison to the rest of the country, do farmers require all of this money? USDA’s Economic Research Service predicted in December that after all data for 2020 is collected, the median income for all farm households is likely to be $86,992, according to the USDA’s Economic Research Service. That’s over 25 percent higher than the median household income of $69,703 for all households in the United States in 2019.

  • Total direct government payments to farmers climbed by almost 107 percent between 2019 and 2020, increasing the percentage of agricultural revenue derived from government subsidies to about 40 percent.
  • From 2000 to 2020, net farm income is projected to increase.
  • Clearly, even the majority of “little” farmers are better wealthy than the typical American – in 2019, just 3 percent of all farm households had levels of wealth that were lower than the average American household, according to the Census Bureau.
  • (Farmers’ CFAP payments, like other government subsidies, were disproportionately directed to the largest and wealthiest farms, rather than to direct assistance to needy Americans.) And that’s before we even know how much money has been paid through ARC and PLC channels.
  • The Environmental Working Group recommends:
  • Putting an end to the massive ad hoc subsidy packages implemented by the Trump administration. MFP, which distributed more than $23 billion in payouts in 2018 and 2019, should not be extended. Farmers are currently receiving payments from the CFAP
  • But, after those payments are completed, the program should not be continued unless it is specifically targeted at small farmers in need. Increasing the amount of money allocated to conservation activities. The funding for existing conservation initiatives should be raised, rather than billions of dollars being funneled to the richest and biggest farmers. These initiatives continue to provide financial assistance to farmers, but they also provide advantages to the public health and the environment through enhanced water quality and soil health. The adoption of conservation techniques, which may help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, is also encouraged by these initiatives. Traditional commodities agricultural subsidies schemes should be reformed. The ARC and PLC programs require a severe means test in order to prevent the vast majority of the payments from going to the most profitable farms. Farmers can now get benefits if their annual income is less than $900,000, or $1.8 million if the farmer and his or her spouse earn the same amount. Though a farm can only get $125,000 per year in payments, the farm can have an infinite number of “partners” who can each receive up to $125,000, allowing many people who do not live or work on the farm to receive a check every year. It is possible that restricting farm payments to to a small number of eligible managers may significantly limit the number of city slickers who receive payments
  • Changing agricultural subsidy programs to erase the USDA’s racial heritage. Payroll and income restrictions that direct funds to small farms rather than the larger farms would favor Black, Latino and Asian American farmers, who often operate smaller farms than white farmers.
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Observations and footnotes: 1EWG has not yet received USDA data necessary to determine the allocation of subsidies for the entire year 2020. During the first six months of the year, 23.7 percent went to the top one percent of earners and 64.3 percent went to the top tenth.

How Much Do Subsidized Farmers Get Paid?

Farming is not only physically hard, but it is also economically taxing. A poor crop or a reduction in commodity prices might cause a farm to lose everything in a single year.

Various agricultural subsidies and assistance programs are available from the federal government, and they can mean the difference between profit and foreclosure. Farm assistance programs are funded by billions of dollars in government budgets, yet the amount farmers get varies from farm to farm.


Farm subsidies in the twenty-first century are based on a combination of commodity pricing and historical productivity data. The more you generate, the more money you get, up to a maximum of $250,000 in total compensation.

Government Paying Farmers Not to Farm

According to the Encyclopedia of the Great Plains, farm subsidies in the United States began in the 1930s. Price declines for farm products were about 50% during the first three years of the Great Depression. Farmers were operating at a loss, unable to make their mortgage payments, and regularly faced with the prospect of going into bankruptcy. Despite the fact that no one could afford to buy, they continued to bring food, cotton, and tobacco to the market, pushing prices even farther down. The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 was the government remedy, and it was initially applied to wheat, maize, cotton, rice, tobacco, milk, and hog farming.

  1. The federal government’s purpose was to prevent farmers from overproducing, which would result in higher prices.
  2. One possible remedy, according to The Living New Deals, was to buy up the surplus and distribute it to individuals who couldn’t afford to pay market pricing.
  3. In recent decades, the government has backed away from its role in maintaining supply levels by paying farmers not to cultivate anymore.
  4. As a result, prices have become more volatile and have fallen in general.
  5. Farm subsidies, according to the Environmental Working Group, come in a variety of shapes and sizes.
  6. Counter-cyclical payments are made only when market prices fall to an unacceptably low level.

How Much Money?

When it comes to how much the government pays farmers, there are no hard and fast rules. According to Market Watch, it changes from year to year depending on a variety of factors. If commodity prices fall to dangerously low levels, for example, maintaining agricultural incomes will cost more money. When comparing the 2020 pandemic year to the previous year, farm subsidies increased by 107 percent. Political considerations such as appealing to rural voters and reducing government spending play a role as well.

This includes food assistance in the event of a pandemic, compensation for low prices, and compensation for lost commerce as a result of tariff disputes.

According to NPR, a single farm owner can claim up to $250,000, or three times that amount if the property is owned by three partners in equal shares.

The vast majority of the funds were most likely distributed to less than 100,000 farms, or less than 5 percent of the total. According to critics, this has the unintended consequence of favoring larger farms while simultaneously squeezing out the tiny individual farmer.

PRIMER: Agriculture Subsidies and Their Influence on the Composition of U.S. Food Supply and Consumption

Summary of the Report

  • The federal government has long provided subsidies to American farmers, which has had a substantial impact on our food supply and on what we consume. Corn, soy, wheat, and rice, which are the most heavily subsidized crops, are the most abundantly produced and eaten, typically in the form of ultra-processed meals. While sugar continues to receive substantial government subsidies through indirect price supports that benefit producers while increasing prices, the amount of sugar consumed is vastly overestimated. Fruits and vegetables, on the other hand, receive comparatively less government support, resulting in Americans consuming far less produce than is advised.

Introduction The federal government’s agricultural policies and subsidies have had a considerable impact on the availability of food in the United States. Various payment and income supports have had an impact on what and how much food is produced by American farmers. Corn, soy, and wheat, three of the most extensively subsidized and produced commodities, are major constituents in highly processed meals, which are consumed at an ever-increasing rate worldwide. In contrast, just a little amount of support is provided for fruits and vegetables.

The constellation of agricultural assistance programs has an impact on the composition of the food supply, which in turn has an impact on the types of food that are consumed.

Overview of the Farm Bill Long before the Great Depression, the federal government provided financial assistance to farmers in order to reduce surpluses and raise prices, thereby increasing the income of millions of farmers (who accounted for 25 percent of the nation’s population in 1930) and allowing them to increase their productivity.

These programs are contained in a piece of legislation known as the ” Farm Bill,” which is reauthorized (and, on occasion, changed) every five years or so, the most recent being the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, which was passed in December 2018.

Subsidies for Traditional Crops As our research demonstrates, however, the value of such subsidies is not consistent across crops and is substantially concentrated among a select few.Subsidies for Traditional Crops Support is offered for a variety of crops and dairy products, although the majority of support is focused on a small number of commodities, which are collectively referred to as the “Big Five”: maize, soybeans, wheat, cotton, and rice (as of 2012).

Because payments for primary subsidy programs are based on historical production on base acres rather than current production, and corn, wheat, and soybeans account for 82 percent of base acres, this concentration is partly explained by the fact that payments for primary subsidy programs are based on historical production on base acres rather than current production.

Corn is the most plentiful crop in the United States.

(Subsidies for specific crops are also granted through other ways other than the Farm Bill, which are not included in this calculation.) For example, the Department of Energy’s biofuel programs and the Renewable Fuel Standard regulations, both of which promote the production of maize for ethanol, provide additional subsidies and production incentives for corn.

Agribusiness supports for “specialty crops,” which are mostly comprised of fruits and vegetables as well as tree nuts, have been small in absolute terms and have only been accessible for the past three decades.

As an alternative, specialty crops receive indirect price support from a prohibition on growers of other commodity crops from growing specialty crops; some limited funding to support farmers markets; some restrictions on government purchases of fruits and vegetables for various nutrition programs; and requirements for the government to purchase fixed amounts of fruits and vegetables for various nutrition programs.

A new type of crop insurance for specialty crops has recently been made available, offering some direct assistance to farmers that grow them.

SugarWhile sugar is not directly subsidized in a significant way, it is heavily subsidized indirectly through a variety of policies, including domestic production limits and import quotas, marketing assistance loans, and the sugar-to-ethanol program, all of which artificially inflate the price of the commodity.

  1. sugar prices by 69 percent above the global sugar price, and they provide $1.2 billion in annual support to sugar growers and processors, ranking sugar as the fourth most subsidized crop in the world in absolute terms.
  2. Subsidies as a proportion of total market value Effective subsidy rates – the value of subsidies as a percentage of a crop’s market value – are a valuable approach to convey the magnitude and impact of federal agricultural subsidies to farmers and ranchers (sales).
  3. Despite the fact that wheat subsidies were smaller in absolute terms during the last decade than subsidies for maize and soybeans, they accounted for a bigger proportion of the market value of wheat.
  4. A Look at the Composition of the Food Supply The most heavily subsidized crops are also the most numerous, as is the case with the majority of items.
  5. The Marketing Loan Assistance Program, the Agricultural Risk Coverage Program, and the Price Loss Coverage Program are the three largest current subsidy programs.
  6. Soybeans are an exception to this rule, as there are much more acres planted in this crop than there are subsidy funds available.
  7. Also in terms of sales volume, corn is the most important crop, accounting for 26.5 percent of overall crop sales.

Vegetables accounted for 10.1 percent of the total, with fruit and tree nuts accounting for 14.8 percent.

Despite this, Americans consume a substantial quantity of corn and corn byproducts, which are included in a variety of packaged goods.

Dent corn is also used as a feed for pigs and chickens.

Despite this, Americans have consistently failed to fulfill these criteria in any of the categories.

Potatoes and tomatoes were the most popular veggies consumed, with a major share of the potatoes (french fries) and tomatoes (canned) coming from frozen or canned sources (pizza and pasta sauce).

The average person consumes 6.3 ounces of grains per day, of which 5.4 ounces are refined, greatly above the 3-ounce daily allowance.

Despite the higher costs imposed by protectionist output limitations and import bans, sugar is yet another area of overconsumption in the United States.

These added sugars can be found in a variety of forms, including syrups such as high fructose corn syrup and rice syrup, among others.

It is estimated that if the Advisory Committee’s suggestion had been implemented, average sugar intake would have been 2.5 times higher than the recommended daily amount.

The NOVA scale has been developed to categorize foods based on how much processing they have undergone.

These foods account for 58.5 percent of the average American’s daily calorie intake.

Several additives in these processed foods, such as cornstarch, corn syrups, corn oil, hydrogenated oil, and maltodextrins, are derived from the grain of maize.

Breads, crackers, and cake items all use wheat flour as a primary component.

Soy is commonly used as a plant-based alternative protein, but it may also be used as a flour, a non-dairy milk, a binding or thickening agent, and as a binding or thickening ingredient in baking recipes.

For the most part, as a result of these eating behaviors, the majority of Americans consume too many calories, saturated fat, salt, and added sugars, while also ingesting inadequate amounts of Vitamin D, calcium, fiber, and potassium.

Crops that have received the greatest amount of government support—particularly corn, wheat and soy—are extremely prevalent in our food supply and are consumed at rates that are significantly higher than recommended, particularly in highly processed foods.

Despite the fact that subsidies for fruits and vegetables are substantially less, they are consumed in far lower quantities than suggested.

Policymakers and the general public must be aware of the impact that federal agricultural subsidies have on our food supply and diet, which in turn has an impact on our nutrition and health.

, year=2020 progcode=total year=2020 The use of base acres rather than current production to determine subsidy eligibility allows farmers to receive payments for crops that have not yet been planted, while also allowing them greater flexibility in crop planting choices, thereby reducing the influence of subsidies on crop production to some extent.

Look for progcode=total, progcode=total yr=2019 in the search results.

Secret Subsidies: Payments to farms allowed to stretch far beyond rural America, sowing concern about who gets what

(InvestigateTV) – In this episode of InvestigateTV, we talk about how to get started. The United States government distributes billions of dollars in public funds to the country’s farmers each year to assist in keeping agriculture viable when times are bad. However, the federal government is sending millions of dollars in subsidy payments in the names of people who live and work hundreds of miles away from the farms that are receiving the money from the state and federal governments. Even though they are meant to be actively involved in the farm’s operations, it is unclear how or if this is the case in actuality.

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As soon as journalists began requesting further public papers, the USDA withdrew its willingness to provide them.

Farmed Out

Farming is an inherently dangerous enterprise — and this is true not only because of the physical work and large pieces of heavy gear involved. Farmers confront a variety of challenges each year, including weather, illnesses, and pests, as well as the unpredictability of the market for their crops or cattle. In one year, you make money,” says the author. You’ll be out of money for three years. “Then you make a profit the next year,” explained Darvin Bentlage, a fourth-generation Missouri farmer.

Because the programs are based on acreage, farms can apply for funding on behalf of anyone who is “actively engaged” in the farm’s operations — the fact that there are more people involved means the farm gets more money — on top of a system that already favors larger farms due to the way it is structured.

The papers obtained by InvestigateTV from the USDA list the participants of agricultural partnerships, as well as the amounts of money they received from 2016 through 2018.

Along with the luxury suite coordinator and designer, the group included an attorney for an engineering firm based in New York City, an energy executive in New York City, a brand creative director in Florida, and a judge who lives hundreds of miles away from the farm with which she is affiliated, among others.

The money is not going to someone who is farming and who is in desperate need of the money to keep their farm viable, as is the situation in many cases.

Schechinger expressed amazement that InvestigateTV was able to gather information about the participants of the collaboration in the first place.

“Because this is government money, we should be able to identify the participants of these partnerships,” she stated. From politicians to farmers, the issue of who receives subsidies and how much they receive is a source of controversy for everyone involved.

A Lifeline with a Disparity

He was ten years old when Darvin Bentlage had his first ride on the back of a tractor. In Golden City, Missouri, he followed in the footsteps of his father, grandpa, and great-grandfather, who had all raised cattle and farmed vegetables there before him. Darvin Bentlage is a fourth-generation farmer in the state of Missouri. (InvestigateTV) “It’s in your blood,” he stated emphatically. “It’s not a job,” says the author. It is not a professional occupation. “It’s a part of who you are.” In addition to his work with organizations such as the National Family Farm Coalition, Bentlage says farm subsidies such as the Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs have been a lifeline for farmers like himself over the last several years.

  1. For the past couple of years, it has accounted for 40% of our income.
  2. According to the USDA and the Congressional Research Service, the total amount of ARC and PLC payments received annually between 2014 and 2018 averaged $5.2 billion per year, with the USDA and the Congressional Research Service anticipating that figure to rise through 2023.
  3. According to him, the previous six years have been “very hard,” and “we obtained prices that are below the cost of manufacturing,” he explained.
  4. Money is awarded mostly on the basis of acreage and market circumstances for each crop, and there are limits to the amount of money that may be awarded to any individual.
  5. “The subsidy program has always been set up in a fair way, in my opinion, because it is mostly based on acres,” Serio stated.
  6. The tiny farmers, she explained, are “truly the ones that don’t have assets to fall back on when things are tough.” In lean times, large farms have a lot of cash on hand, and they have a lot of land to fall back on.
  7. Farm subsidies, according to Darvin Bentlage, have been a lifeline for his family over the previous five years.
  8. “The tiny folks are unable to compete,” he remarked, adding that, in his opinion, the problem extends beyond land costs.

“As a result, they get the majority of the money.” “On top of that, they’re the ones that don’t need it.” Farmers can evade program restrictions — such as the $125,000 annual cap for the Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage programs, for example — by working in collaboration with other farmers.


He was ten years old when Darvin Bentlage got his first tractor ride in. Having grown up in Golden City, Missouri, he carried on the livestock and crop-raising traditions of his father, grandpa, and great-grandfather, among others. In Missouri, Darvin Bentlage is a fourth-generation farmer whose family has farmed the land for generations. (InvestigateTV) His words were “it’s in your blood.” “This isn’t a job,” says the author. It’s not a job in any way shape or form. The answer is “it’s in your character.” In addition to his work with organizations such as the National Family Farm Coalition, Bentlage says farm subsidies such as the Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs have been a lifeline for farmers like himself over the last several years.

This has accounted for 40 percent of our income over the previous two years.” He explained that as a result, they assist him.

The way Bentlage sees it, “that’s not a manner I want to make money; I’d rather make money through creation.” This has been made harder by the high cost of farming in comparison to the value of his products on the market.

Money is awarded mostly on the basis of acreage and market circumstances for each crop, and there are limits to the amount of money that may be awarded to any one farmer in particular.

As Serio points out, “the subsidy program has always been set up in a fair manner in my perspective, because it is based on acres.” “If you have one acre, you may be eligible for one acre’s worth of farm program payments, and if you have 100 acres, you may be eligible for 100 acres’ worth of farm program payments,” says the expert.

  1. The tiny farmers, she explained, are “truly the ones that don’t have assets to fall back on when they’re hurting.” In lean times, large farms have a lot of cash on hand, and they have a lot of land to fall back on.
  2. Large subsidies, she said, have the additional effect of driving up the cost of land, so pricing small farmers out of the market.
  3. (InvestigateTV) He’s witnessed it firsthand on his 760 acres, according to Bentlage.
  4. As a result, “they collect these subsidies, frequently in excess of the caps,” he explained.

The Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage programs, for example, have annual restrictions of $125,000 that farms can escape by forming partnerships with other farms.


Attorney Serio, of the state of Arkansas, stated that he does not see any problems with the present partnership arrangement. In his words, “Partnerships may be qualified to receive farm program payments if at least one of the partners is actively engaged in farming.” “So it’s not simply that there aren’t any people out there.” It is the partners who are actively involved in the farming business.” He believes that these partnerships are working within the law, based on the instances of farm subsidy payments that InvestigateTV provided to him.

Throughout his career, attorney Robert Serio has represented hundreds of farms and other agricultural clients, among other things.

It was true in the past, and I’m talking about 20, 25 years ago, that there were individuals doing it,” he explained, “but the majority of those individuals were not in partnerships.” This is because the government has investigated partnerships in the past.” A public uproar over the eligibility of people receiving agricultural subsidies led to the enactment of the Farm Program Payments Integrity Act, which established the “actively engaged” criteria in the late 1980s and is still in effect today.

  • In order to be successful, Serio believes that you must have some component of farming.
  • However, according to Schechinger, the criteria of staying within the confines of the law still give a lot of space for interpretation.
  • “That’s exactly how we see these folks in cities receiving their payouts,” says the author.
  • “Congressmen are fully aware that this occurs and that there are things that can be done to prevent it, but they are not taking the necessary steps to prevent it,” she stated.
  • Chuck Grassley, who is a member of the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and is concerned about the situation in 2020.
  • “If Iowans hear me suggest a maximum of $250,000, they’re likely to think, ‘Wow, that seems like a significant subsidy,’ but you’re trying to find a middle ground between those who want the ceiling to be $2 million and those who want it to be $50,000,” says the governor.
  • The 2018 Farm Bill was passed by the United States Senate on June 28th of this year.


According to him, “this is more or less a lighthearted response,” but “everyone who is receiving this assistance should have dirt under their fingernails.” Darvin Bentlage, a farmer from Missouri, had the same sentiments as the author.

“They start recruiting people to join the partnership who have no idea what’s going on out there,” says the narrator.

In his words, “we’ve had as many farmers go bankrupt as we did during the agricultural crisis of the 1980s,” which was marked by record crop price declines and a trade war with the Soviet Union, which resulted in a huge number of farm foreclosures in the United States.

In fiscal year 2020, 589 farms sought bankruptcy protection, an increase from 459 in fiscal year 2016.

He went on to say that he has already seen it have an impact on the next generation of farmers.

“I’d want to see more involvement from young people, but how can they do that?” Mary Claire Molloy and Adam Stockholm contributed to this study, which also included contributions from Esme Middaugh, Vivek Rao, Lucy West, Rachel Hammes, Kyra Miller, Michael Skiles, Sammi Bilitz, Taylor Killough, and Brianna Lanham, who assisted with research.

All of them are from Indiana University’s Arnolt Center for Investigative Journalism, which is a partner of InvestigateTV’s mission. Gray Media Group, Inc. has copyright protection through the year 2021. All intellectual property rights are retained.

Record-high ag subsidies to supply 39% of farm income

In spite of the consequences of the flu epidemic and the trade war, agricultural income in the United States is expected to be the greatest since 2013 because of the largest federal payments in history — $46.5 billion, more than twice the typical amount, according to the government on Wednesday, which added that Farm income will decline in 2021 as a result of the expiration of Trump-era bailouts, according to think tank researchers, but the decline will be mitigated by the continued rise in commodity prices and the growth in agricultural exports.

  1. “Given these latest agricultural income figures, it is difficult to establish a case for further supplemental funds to be directed to the sector,” said Joe Glauber, a former USDA senior economist who is now with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. The commodities markets have performed better than predicted since August, and I estimate net farm income to be higher in 2021 than the $82.2 billion forecast in August.
  3. market.
  4. According to USDA economist Carrie Litkowski, the greatest percentage ever recorded was 65 percent in 1983, amid the depths of the agriculture crisis.
  5. Because of the administration’s decision to give a second wave of coronavirus payments to farmers, the anticipated $46.5 billion in payouts is over $10 billion higher than the USDA estimated on Sept.
  6. On September 7, Trump announced the increased funding during a campaign event in rural Wisconsin.
  7. Direct payments were $22.4 billion in 2019, which is less than half of the amount received this year.
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Crop insurance, on the other hand, is not regarded as a direct payout.

Farmers were able to hold onto a little more money by reducing their costs, which helped to improve the overall income picture.

At the height of the commodity boom, farm income reached a record high of $123.7 billion in 2013.

The debt-to-asset ratio, which has been increasing since 2012, is expected to grow to 13.95 percent this year, up from 13.61 percent last year.

The agricultural bankruptcy rate, which now stands at 3 per 10,000 farms, was predicted to decrease by a little margin this year.

Approximately $13.3 billion of it, according to the USDA, would be paid by the end of this year, indicating that little would be paid in the next year.

As of Monday, $11.1 billion had been paid out in the second round and $10.5 billion had been paid out in the first round, according to the CFPB.

On February 5, the USDA will release its first projection of income for 2021, as well as an update to its estimate for 2020. The USDA’s agricultural revenue prediction may be seen by clicking here.

How Farm Subsidies Affect You

Farm subsidies are financial advantages provided by the government to a certain industry, in this instance the agriculture sector. This type of assistance helps farmers mitigate risks associated with the weather, commodity brokers, and supply and demand interruptions. However, as they have evolved, they have gotten extremely complicated. Because of this, farm subsidies are available to just a select few major farmers. Only five crops are subsidized by the government out of the total number of crops grown by farmers.

  1. Grains supply 80 percent of the caloric requirements of the planet.
  2. Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, Arkansas, and Illinois are the top five states that get subsidies, followed by Nebraska, Kansas, and Illinois.
  3. Peanuts, sorghum, and mohair are among the crops that receive lesser subsidies.
  4. Between 1995 and 2017, a total of $369.7 billion was distributed.

Summary of the U.S. Farm Industry

In 2017, the combined agricultural and food business contributed 5.4 percent to the overall GDP of the United States. It accounted for 11 percent of all employees. Farming generated 1 percent to the gross domestic product and employed 1.3 percent of the workforce in the United States. Corn is the most important crop in the United States. In 2017, more over 15 billion bushels of corn were harvested, with 15 percent of that crop being exported. Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, and Kansas are considered to be part of the corn belt.

  • California is the state that generates the most food in terms of dollar value.
  • These are not subsidized in any way.
  • Understanding the soil characteristics and weather patterns in a given area provides a distinct competitive edge.
  • Large farms, defined as those with an annual income of $1 million or more, account for around 3 percent of all farms.
  • The majority of farms specialize in a single crop.
  • Pros
  • Subsidies help to ensure that the nation’s food supply remains secure. Farms are vulnerable to viruses, illnesses, and extreme weather conditions. Subsidies assist farmers in adjusting to fluctuations in commodity prices. Farmers are reliant on loans, which makes their company a bit of a risk.
  • Farms in the United States are located in one of the world’s most ideal geographical locations
  • They benefit from the technological advances of a contemporary company
  • Farmers in the top ten percent of the income distribution got 78 percent of the subsidies. Farm subsidies are a hindrance to the implementation of international trade agreements.


Extreme weather events such as droughts, tornadoes, and hurricanes must be protected in order for America’s food supply to remain safe. During wars, recessions, and other economic crises, the government has an important role to play in maintaining food production. The production of food is more vital to the nation’s well-being than the production of other commercial items. Farms are particularly vulnerable to drops in commodity prices. Commodity traders decide the pricing of commodities traded on an open market.

  • Farmers might take their chances on what the market will bear when it comes time to harvest their crops.
  • Regardless, they are placing their wager on the fact that their costs will be lower than their future revenues.
  • dollars, the value of the dollar will have an impact on the amount of money that farmers get.
  • Pathogens, illnesses, and extreme weather conditions can cause crop and animal death.
  • Because to the outbreak of avian influenza in 2015, egg prices increased by 17.8 percent.
  • Loans are essential for farmers.

This gives the impression that farming is a game of chance. Even a one-time expenditure or several years of low pricing might be financially devastating. Farms are unable to relocate. If a local processor cancels their contracts or becomes bankrupt, they may be forced to stop their operations.


Farms in the United States are located in one of the most advantageous geographic zones on the planet. Rich soil, plentiful rainfall, and access to rivers for irrigation when the rains don’t come are all advantages of this region. In addition, modern farms enjoy all of the benefits of running a contemporary business. They have highly qualified workers, sophisticated equipment, and cutting-edge chemical research in the fields of fertilizers and seeds on their side of the fence. Farm subsidies have the same effect as regressive taxes.

  • The vast majority of the funds are directed toward huge agricultural corporations.
  • The top one percent of the income distribution got 26 percent of the payouts.
  • Farm subsidies were obtained by 50 persons who were on the Forbes 400 list of the wealthiest Americans.
  • Farm subsidies in the United States impede international trade.
  • Tariffs between members of the World Trade Organization would have been removed under the Doha Round.


Agriculture has traditionally been a beneficiary of federal assistance. The vast majority of agriculture programs were established during the Great Depression. The following is a condensed history of the programs and their objectives.

  • 1862: The Homestead Act, passed in 1862, provided land in the western United States to people who were willing to farm the property. The Morrill Act of 1862 provided funding for agricultural institutions. Farmers were allowed to obtain loans from the government thanks to the Federal Farm Loan Act. During World War I, it was responsible for ensuring that there was enough food. The Farm Credit System was established in 1929 as a result of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929, which also established the Federal Farm Board. It attempted to prevent the collapse of crop prices. It requested farmers to reduce their agricultural production, but this did not succeed. It purchased and hoarded crops in order to limit supply. When President Franklin D. Roosevelt incorporated agriculture subsidies in his New Deal program in 1933, the Farm Credit Administration was established. They were originally established to assist farmers who had been devastated by the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression of 1929
  • The Agricultural Adjustment Act was put into law by Congress in 1933. Farmers were compensated for reducing crop yield. By 1937, agricultural prices had more than doubled. This legislation was struck down by the Supreme Court in 1936 because it taxed processors while providing subsidies to farmers. The Emergency Farm Mortgage Act gave loans to farmers to keep their farms from going into default
  • 1934: The Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act provided payments to farmers who planted soil-building crops, such as beans and grasses, to fight dry conditions. Farmers were taught and farm debt payments were modified by the Resettlement Administration in 1935, thanks to the Rural Electrification Act, which offered loans to agricultural cooperatives to provide power for their rural regions. Ten million acres of marginal agriculture were purchased, and the landowners were compensated for converting it to pasture, preserves, or parks. As part of this effort, it relocated farmers to better land while also teaching them contemporary conservation and agricultural practices. 1937: The Farm Tenancy Act established the Farmers’ Home Corporation, which provided loans to tenant farmers who wanted to purchase their farms. The Farm Security Administration took over for the Resettlement Administration in order to give financing and training to farmers
  • 1938: The New Agricultural Adjustment Act corrected the problems caused by the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act. It was in place until the 1990s that this price support mechanism was in place. The federal government ensured that farmers would get a price that was high enough for them to stay profitable. What was the mechanism through which it accomplished this? It compensated farmers in order to ensure that the supply did not exceed the demand. In order to avoid overproduction, the government provided subsidies to farmers who chose to leave croplands fallow. It also purchased any surplus crops. Afterwards, it either preserved the items or distributed them to feed low-income individuals across the world.

How Farm Subsidies Affect the Economy

Farmers may be encouraged to grow crops that aren’t drought-resistant because of the government crop insurance program, according to some experts. They are encouraged to grow the same crops year after year as a result of the insurance policy, regardless of crop production. The inability to move to drought-resistant crops as a result is a barrier to their success. The drought in the Midwest is exacerbated as a result. Between 2006 and 2015, the Midwest had a prolonged period of drought. Drought is anticipated to worsen as a result of global warming.

  • Farmers are being forced to drain groundwater from the Ogallala Aquifer at a rate that is eight times quicker than the rate at which rain is replenishing it as a result of the drought.
  • It provides 30 percent of the irrigation water used in the United States.
  • According to scientists, it would take 6,000 years for rain to completely refill the aquifer.
  • Another type of subsidy encourages farmers to cultivate maize for the production of ethanol biofuel.
  • This results in an additional 120 billion gallons of water being drained from the aquifer each year.

It is exported to China, where it is transformed into the low-cost clothes that is sold in American retail stores. Food stamp financing is included in farm subsidy legislation. As a result, urban members of Congress are more likely to support farm subsidy legislation.

How Farm Subsidies Affect You

Grains are the most highly subsidized, making them significantly less expensive than vegetables and fruits in many countries. Consequently, grains account for one-fourth of the average American’s caloric intake. Another quarter of the total came from oil derived from maize, soybeans, and canola. Fruits and vegetables account up less than 10% of the total. A total of more than 6 percent of farm subsidies are allocated to four “junk food” ingredients: corn syrup, high-fructose sugar, corn starch, and soy oils, among others.

Farm subsidies are common in most developed nations.

In order to diminish this advantage, the World Trade Organization restricts the quantity of subsidized grains that nations may add to global stockpiles in order to reduce this advantage.

As a result, the volatility of food prices rises.

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