Supreme Court order to abolish Haj subsidy The Supreme Court found that Hajj by Indian Muslims is funded to a substantial extent by the Indian Government. The Court ruled that this subsidy is not only unconstitutional but inconsistent with the teachings of Quran.
What is the meaning of Haj subsidy?
- Haj subsidy has now been withdran from Muslims who go for Haj pilgrimage. For thousands of Muslims who go on Haj pilgrimage each year, the government withdrew the Haj subsidy today. In Haj subsidy, the government use to give discounts on Air India flight tickets to Haj pilgrims.
Is there any subsidy on Amarnath Yatra?
According to a parliamentary question, government of India does not extend any direct monetary subsidy to individual pilgrims for the Amarnath and Kailash Manasarovar yatras.
What is Hajj subsidy in India?
Subsidy is provided by the Government towards airfare to the pilgrims going for Haj through Haj Committee of India under Goverment quota. Ministry of Civil Aviation processes the matter regarding short-listing of airlines for Haj pilgrims covered under Government subsidy.
What is the cost of Hajj from India to 2020?
The estimated cost per Haj pilgrim after reduction is approximately Rs 3,30,000 for Ahmedabad and Mumbai Embarkation points; approximately Rs 3,50,000 for Bengaluru, Lucknow, Delhi and Hyderabad Embarkation Points; approximately Rs 3,60,000 for Cochin and Srinagar Embarkation Points; approximately Rs 3,70,000 for
Does the Hajj cost money?
Considering Hajj Costs While the pilgrimage is affordable for most locals, those living outside of Saudi Arabia can expect the total cost to range from US$3,000 to US$10,000 per person. You will use cash for many of the day-to-day expenses.
When was Haj subsidy stopped in India?
The subsidy had been reduced from Rs. 685 crore in 2011 to Rs 200 crore by 2017. It was stopped by the government from 2018 onwards and will be used instead for education of Muslim girls. Union minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi confirmed it had been withdrawn.
Is there any subsidy to Kailash Mansarovar pilgrims?
Under the chief minister pilgrimage scheme, the government provides a 50% subsidy on expenses (maximum Rs 30,000 at the time of starting) to pilgrims. The government also increased the subsidy for a pilgrimage to Kailash Mansarovar from Rs 30,000 to Rs 50,000.
What is economic subsidy?
Key Takeaways. A subsidy is a direct or indirect payment to individuals or firms, usually in the form of a cash payment from the government or a targeted tax cut. In economic theory, subsidies can be used to offset market failures and externalities to achieve greater economic efficiency.
How much money does Hajj generate?
Hosting between 2 to 3 million visitors in the span of two weeks, Saudi airlines, hotels, restaurants, shopping malls, and the transportation sector used to feel the positive impact of the pilgrimage season. In 2019, the Hajj revenue made up about 7% of the Saudi GDP, amounting to more than $12 billion.
How much does Hajj 2021 cost?
The Hajj and Umrah ministry has announced three Hajj packages. The first costs 12,113 Saudi riyals ($3,230) and the second 14,381 riyals. Both packages include food, transport and accommodation in camps. The third package, for 16,560 riyals, will include accommodation in buildings, meals, shuttle service and amenities.
What is the cost of Hajj 2022?
Hajj 2022 Packages and Price And the cost of haj too may increase from a minimum Rs 2,50,000 per pilgrim to approximately Rs 3, 75000,” said Haj Committee’s CEO Dr M A Khan. 3
Is Hajj open for 2022?
The Ministry of Hajj and Umrah launched the Umrah weekly indicator at the beginning of Hijri year 1440. Hajj 2022 is scheduled for July 7th to 12th, 2022.
Why is Hajj expensive?
A statement from the Saudi embassy in London hinted at other reasons for the increasing cost of Hajj. It said: ” The cost of services provided by travel companies which operate Hajj tours is however a factor of the marketplace in the UK, over which the Saudi Arabian government has no control.”
How much does it cost to do Hajj in 2020?
Saudi ministry reveals 3 packages for Hajj, costs from $3,200 to $4,266.
Do you have to pay to enter Mecca?
Muslims are expected to undertake the trip once in their lifetime—at least for those who are physically or financially capable. The trip carries considerable costs for visitors, especially for transportation and lodging, and depending on your geographic location, could cost from as low as $800 to upwards of $7,000.
Haj subsidy – Wikipedia
Hajj pilgrims in Lucknow, India, on their way to Saudi Arabia and eligible for Hajj subsidy (air tickets) To enable pilgrims to go to Mecca for Hajj, the Government of India provided them with a subsidy depending on their religious beliefs. The subsidy took the form of subsidized plane fares, food, lodging, and insurance, all of which were provided by the government. The program’s beginnings may be traced back to the British colonial era. The Hajj Act of 1959, passed by the Government of India in the post-colonial era, significantly extended the program.
The first flights between Mumbai and Jeddah were operated as part of the expanded Haj subsidy program, which began in 1954 as a concept conceived by the then government.
Since 1984, Air India and Saudi Arabia, the national carriers of India and Saudi Arabia, have shared the whole Hajj traffic flown by both airlines.
In the past, the Haj board would solicit bids to transport these pilgrims to Mecca, and for many years, Saudia (the Saudi Arabian government-owned airline) has consistently been the lowest bidder.
- Since 2000, more than 1.5 million Muslims have taken use of the subsidy; since 2008, more than 120,000 Indian Muslims have taken advantage of the subsidy each year.
- In fact, the Indian government has established special Haj flight terminals for these Muslim pilgrims at major international airports to ensure their convenience.
- In 2008, the entire subsidy offered by the Indian government to Muslim pilgrims amounted to US$1,815 per pilgrim.
- On the 16th of January, the Union Minister for Minority Affairs said that the Hajj subsidy had been totally phased out, and that the money had been diverted to educational reasons for children belonging to minorities in the country.
- a panel of Justices Aftab Alam and Ranjana P Desai directed the central government to gradually lower the amount of subsidy so that it is totally eliminated within a 10-year term from today.
The court stated that it lacked authority to speak on behalf of the minority community and that it would be presumptuous to tell Muslims what was a good or bad religious practice, despite the fact that it cited the Quran to state that the haj pilgrimage was mandatory only for those who could afford the expenses of travel, food, and lodging.
The roots of the Haj subsidy may be traced back to the British colonial era. The Port Haj Committees Act, passed by the British colonial administration in 1932, established a government-funded Haj Committee and designated Bombay and Calcutta as the two embarkation sites for Muslims traveling to Haj in British India. The Haj Committees Act, along with the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act of 1937, was one of a series of legislation issued by the British colonial administration to satisfy Muslim concerns in a riot-torn South Asia before to division.
Ltd., were given a monopoly on the sea-based Haj pilgrimage undertaken by Muslims from South Asia by the colonial administration.
A new Haj Committee Act was passed in 1959, repealing and replacing the previous 1932 Act, which established a committee in the Port of Bombay to aid Muslim pilgrims traveling to Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Jordan and to deal with other related concerns. To handle all aspects of pilgrimage, including disseminating information, negotiating travel arrangements, arranging guides, providing assistance to the poor and grievance resolution, this Act was passed. Article 16 of the 1959 law also established a Haj Fund, which was funded by the taxpayers to offset overhead expenditures.
From sea travel to air travel
The Haj subsidy was modified in 1973, when the Indian government abolished sea travel as a mode of transportation for the Hajj due to two factors: rising oil prices following the formation of OPEC and a ship accident that claimed the lives of 39 pilgrims in June 1973 while on a government-managed Haj trip. When it came to traveling to Saudi Arabia, the Indian government changed the mode of transportation from ships to airplanes. The government also boosted the subsidy to offset the difference in price between sea and air tickets at the same time.
In 2007, the government spent a total of 47,454 dollars (US$630) for each passenger.
|Year||Hajis sent on subsidy||Subsidy paid by the government|
|2007||109,991||₹ 5.95 billion(US$79 million)|
|2008||121,694||₹ 8.95 billion(US$120 million)|
|2009||121,695||₹ 8,647.7 million(US$110 million)|
The Haj Committee of India, which is affiliated with the Ministry of Civil Aviation, offers subsidies for air travel to pilgrims. Flight travel was charged at Rs. 35,000/- each pilgrim during Haj 2014, but the real air fee fluctuated from Rs. 63,750 to Rs. 1,63,350 depending on the embarkation location in India, and was always more expensive than the standard rates for air tickets. For Haj-2015, a fee of Rs. 42,000/- would be paid to each pilgrim who travels to Mecca through HCOI in order to cover the cost of their airfare.
836.56 crores to Rs.
During the year 2014, the amount was further lowered to Rs.
Supreme Court order to abolish Haj subsidy
The Supreme Court of India ruled in 2012 that the Haj subsidy will be phased down by 2022. According to the Supreme Court, the Hajj performed by Indian Muslims is supported to a significant part by the Indian government. The Court determined that this subsidy is not only unlawful, but it is also incompatible with the principles of the Quran. Using Quran verse 97 in Surah 3 as an example, the Court stated that Al-e-Imran ordains as follows: “Manifest signs (for example, the Maqam (place of Ibrahim)) can be found within it, and everyone who enters it is guaranteed security.
Following the Court’s 2012 ruling, the center was instructed to spend the funds on educational programs and other development initiatives for the minority population.
In August 2010, the Minority Affairs Ministry issued a public statement against the provision of subsidies for Haj pilgrimage, claiming that the policy was in violation of Islamic beliefs.
In lieu of that, a “premium would be imposed from better-off Hajis to cross-subsidise the travel costs for the less well-off Hajis.” Muslims will be able to take part in the Haj pilgrimage at a subsidised rate just once in their lifetime, as opposed to the current policy of “once every five years,” according to a notification sent to the Supreme Court by the Centre.
As part of its ongoing review of a Bombay high court decision that had directed the Ministry of External Affairs to allow certain private operators the right to operate the services of 800 pilgrims who were earmarked under the VIP quota subsidised by the government, the Supreme Court heard an appeal filed by the Centre challenging that decision.
The Centre had hoped that these seats would be allotted on a “reasonable basis” under the new order.
By 2017, the subsidy has been decreased from Rs. 685 crore in 2011 to Rs. 200 crore. It has been discontinued by the government as of 2018 and will be redirected to the education of Muslim females in its place. Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, a Union minister, stated that the proposal had been dropped.
This practice has received a great deal of criticism, both from Hindutva organizations opposed to governmental support of private pilgrimages outside India and from Muslim pressure groups who oppose the practice. Mohib Ahmad cites Air India as an example of the latter, claiming that even the subsidised cost is greater than the standard fare charged by rival carriers. Even in the face of widespread opposition from the Muslim population, the government has maintained its support for the Haj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
Although he recommends that charter fares be set at two-thirds of regularIATAfares, he points out that the Haj incurs higher costs than other charters because two empty flights are required to transport the aircraft back to India and position the aircraft in Arabia in preparation for the pilgrims’ return journey.
- We believe the subsidy to be a subsidy to Air India, rather than a benefit to the Muslim community as a whole.” As the Shahi Imam of Delhi’s Jama Masjid Mosque, Syed Ahmed Bukhari expressed concern that the subsidy had been in effect for more than a decade.
- Asaduddin Owaisi, a member of parliament from the city of Hyderabad, stated that this amount of subsidy is only intended to be a subsidy for the airline Air India.
- The Hajj subsidy, according to some Muslim authorities, violates Islamic principles, and that the money should be used to fund education and health instead of the Hajj stipend.
- Madani, a member of theRajya Sabha and general secretary of the Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Hind, the provision of a Hajj subsidy is a technical violation of IslamicSharia, as the Koran states that Hajj should be conducted by Muslims using their own funds.
It has been maintained by Praveen Togadia of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad that the government-sponsored Haj subsidy is funded by Hindu taxation and that it should be repealed or replaced with a comparable payment for Hindu religious pilgrimages.
- In India, there is a history of Haj announcements. The Haj Committee Act, 1959, was passed by the government of Uttar Pradesh, India. India’s government is represented by Vij and Shivam (28 February 2011). According to Muhammad Farooq, “the notion of India’s Hajj subsidy” is a fabrication. Kafila. “Muslim MPs urge revocation of subsidy for Haj journey,” according to a report published on September 11, 2016. 7th of March, 2011. abcdeSHRI VAYALAR RAVI, SUBSIDY FOR HAJ PILGRIMAGE, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF CIVIL AVIATION, LOK SABHA – QUESTION NO 2125, March 2011
- AbMinistry of External Affairs, Government of India,LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION 300 ANSWERED ON 16.03.2011, See ANNEXURES-I
- Ab The Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA)
- Advertisement for a Haj Assistant Travel Agency Nistula Hebbar and the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India, January 2014
- (3 November 2017). “The Haj subsidy will be tapered down starting next year.” According to the Hindu, “women above the age of 45 no longer require mehram in order to travel to Haj.” “SC STRIKES DOWN HAJ SUBSIDY” was published on November 4, 2017. on the 8th of May, 2012
- AbcAchin, Kurt (10 May 2012). “India’s Supreme Court orders an end to subsidies for Hajj pilgrims.” The Voice of America is a public broadcasting service. 10 May 2012
- Ab”Abolish haj subsidy in ten years: Supreme Court tells government.” The Times of India published an article on May 9, 2012, titled retrieved on September 12th, 2016
- Religion, Law, and the State in India, by Duncan and Derrett (1968), is a classic work. New York’s Free Press publishes this book. Islamic Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937
- Universal Law Publishing, New Delhi
- Pages 3-7
- History of the Mogul LineShip List
- “Haj subsidy has Air India seething,” writes Shauvik Ghosh. The Financial Express published an article on September 13, 2008. The following article was retrieved on June 26, 2009: ab”Muslim leaders support lowering Haj subsidy.” The Hindustan Times published an article on April 11, 2010. The original version of this article was published on January 21, 2012. 8th of May, 2012
- Retrieved 8th of May, 2012
- “Each year, the number of Hajj applicants in India declines.” Geo TV is broadcasting in Pakistan. 8th of May, 2012
- Daniel P. George is the author of this work (17 June 2011). “Haj may be less expensive
- A new airline will transport pilgrims.” The Times of India is a national newspaper in India. The original version of this article was published on January 8, 2012. “How much subsidy does the government provide to Haj pilgrims?” is a question that was answered on May 10, 2012. the abcSPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (CIVIL) NO.28609 OF 2011Supreme Court of India
- The abcRanjan, Amitav
- And the abc (13 October 2010). “Haj subsidy reductions will begin shortly.” “The Supreme Court has rejected the Centre’s request to modify the quota for Haj pilgrims,” according to The India Express, accessed on July 14, 2011. The Times of India published an article on July 27th, 2012. According to a report published on January 26, 2013, “Haj subsidies has been phased away, with the Supreme Court taking credit for the decision.” “Haj subsidy: The Centre has ended the Haj subsidy as part of a program to ’empower minorities without appeasement,'” according to the Times of India on the 17th of January 2018. The Times of India (in Hindi)
- “Haj Subsidy, Anyone?” said Mohib Ahmad. Indian Muslimsblog, 18 January 2006, Archived 25 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Indian Muslimsblog, 25 February 2009. abSyed Shahabuddin, “Haj subsidy is a fact and must be phased down eventually,” retrieved on June 25, 2009. The Milli Gazette published an article on September 15, 2002. Retrieved on June 26, 2009
- “Muslim support for elimination of subsidies for India’s Haj pilgrims – The National”
- “Haj subsidy unIslamic, spend that money on our education and health”
- “Haj subsidy unIslamic, use that money on our education and health”. The Indian Express published an article on November 17th, 2006. “Why can’t Hindus get subsidies like Muslims, says Praveen Togadia?” reads the headline on May 10, 2012. The Economic Times published an article on March 26th, 2017. 3 November 2017
- Retrieved 3 November 2017
Haj subsidy cancelled: All you need to know about the 85-year-old policy
History may be traced back to 1932, when the Port Haj Committees Act was passed by the British government, which provided assistance to Muslims who were undertaking the required religious pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. (Image courtesy of the National Archives) The government said on Tuesday that it will no longer provide a stipend to Haj pilgrims on an annual basis. The administration has stated that it will utilize the subsidy cash to strengthen the position of minorities. The policy of assisting Muslims who wish to make the pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia may be traced back to 1932, when the British Parliament passed the Port Haj Committees Act, which provided financial assistance.
- In addition, it has received a great deal of criticism from a variety of sources in recent years.
- In 2017, a meeting of the Central Haj Committee determined that the incentive will be phased off by the following year.
- It also includes support for Muslim pilgrims traveling within the country to reach specially designated Haj departure airport terminals, as well as housing, medical treatment, and meals during their stay.
- Later, more flight legs were added to the list of eligible flights for subsidy.
- Air India and Saudi have been sharing the traffic since 1984.
- According on the grade of lodging and airport costs from the place of embarkation, the amount levied from each pilgrim after the subsidy varies.
- When it came to Haj in 2014, the subsidised flight price charged each pilgrim was Rs.
63,750 and Rs.
By 2016, the sum that each pilgrim had to pay had increased to Rs.
As a result, the Haj subsidy was reduced by about half of the anticipated cost for the year 2017.
After the British government established a government-funded Haj committee in 1932 and designated Bombay and Calcutta as two ports from which Muslims may leave on their pilgrimage, the Haj subsidy was officially established in 1933.
The preceding Act was repealed by the government in 1959, following independence.
A further amendment to the Committee Act was made in 1973, when the means of transportation to Saudi Arabia was shifted from sea to air, in response to rising oil costs.
Until 1995, around 5,000 pilgrims traveled by water each year, whereas approximately 19,000 pilgrims traveled by air annually.
What are some of the objections leveled against the Haj subsidy program?
According to reports, government subsidies have resulted in significant profits for Air India, with the carriers reaping considerably greater benefits than the pilgrims.
Some political parties have referred to the subsidies as “minority appeasement,” which is a euphemism for minority appeasement.
The Haj is not the only religious journey to which the government contributes funds.
Examples include the expenditures by the state and federal governments on pilgrim amenities for the four Kumbh melas held in Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik and Allahabad respectively.
The Kailash Manasarovaryatra will take pilgrims from Northern India to the Himalayas of Tibet. The Uttarakhand government decided last week to raise the stipend for Mansarovar pilgrims from Rs 25,000 to Rs 30,000, bringing the total amount of subsidy to Rs 30,000.
Centre Cancels Haj Subsidy. But Who Was It Really For, Anyway?
The Hajj pilgrims are depicted in this photograph. Reuters is credited with this image. New Delhi, India: The Haj subsidy has frequently been cited as an example of “Muslim appeasement” by BJP leaders in recent years. Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi has recently indicated that the subsidy would be discontinued, raising the question of whether the subsidy was an attempt to keep the national carrier, Air India, financially afloat while it was in the early phases of disinvestment. At the same time, the Centre and numerous states continue to spend millions of crores of rupees on promoting the social and cultural activities – as well as religious pilgrimages – of other communities, particularly Hindus, notwithstanding the cancellation of the Haj subsidy.
He went on to say that the Saudi Arabian administration had agreed in principle to enable pilgrims to make the Haj pilgrimage from India via ship, and that the topic would be discussed in the near future.
He said that the decision was the result of a Supreme Court judgment issued on the subject six years earlier: “During the Congress government in 2012, a constitutional bench of the Supreme Court decided that the Haj subsidy be abolished.” As a result, in accordance with the recommendations of a committee, we have decided to phase down the Haj subsidy gradually in the new policy.” A large portion of the Haj subsidy has gone to financially subsidize airlines.
- However, there are several levels to the subject of Haj subsidy, with many people believing that the subsidy itself is nothing more than a sham.
- So, who was the subsidy intended for: those traveling to Mecca on Hajj or those flying on Air India?
- Since the Supreme Court ordered in 2012 that the subsidy will be phased off over a ten-year period, the amount of the subsidy has actually been declining.
- He had also ordered that the money saved be utilized for social purposes, such as educating girls and expanding the number of schools and hostels that are specifically designed for them.
- Factly.in is the source.
- At the conclusion of the season, the process is repeated in reverse.
- Although Muslims such as Owaisi are vocal in their opposition to the Haj subsidy program, they believe the matter may be resolved by abolishing Air India’s monopoly on the transportation of Hajis.
Taking departure from Ahmedabad’s Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport on January 30, 2013, an Air India passenger jet transports passengers.
While right-wing parties have constantly brought up the topic of Haj subsidies in the media, the vast sums of money given out by the Centre and state governments for numerous Hindu festivals and pilgrimages have remained mostly unnoticed by the public.
The Kumbh Mela in Allahabad attracted around Rs 1,150 crore in expenditure from the central government in 2014.
Of course, the Indian government spends money both in India and in Saudi Arabia to make the pilgrimage easier and to ensure that they have a safe travel to Mecca.
Furthermore, the Union culture ministry has provided Rs 100 crore to the Madhya Pradesh government for the Simhastha Mahakumbh, which is held in Ujjain once every 12 years and is organized by the Union minister of culture.
The Center also devotes a substantial amount of resources to the Kailash Manasarovar Yatra, which takes pilgrims from India to Tibet across the Himalayan mountains.
Under the leadership of Akhilesh Yadav, the state of Uttar Pradesh began providing a stipend of Rs 50,000 to pilgrims from the state who wish to travel to Kailash Mansarovar in Tibet, China, for the first time.
The Adityanath administration also provides a Rs 10,000 stipend to every pilgrim from the state who travels to Ladakh for the Sindhu Darshan pilgrimage, according to J K.
The Amarnath Yatra, as well as cleaning water bodies around the Navratri time, Ganesh Chaturthi, and even Chhath Puja, are all substantial expenditures for both the Centre and the states, in addition to the Kumbh melas.
Aside from the big Hindu holidays, state governments have also begun lavishing large quantities of money on smaller, more local celebrations in recent years.
Many things might be said about the withdrawal of the Haj subsidy – as well as about the other government spending that remains uninterrupted – in such a circumstance.
Cancelling Haj Subsidy Is a Good Step, Now the Government Should Stop Spending on All Religions
Muslims pray in the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, ahead of the annual Haj pilgrimage on August 29, 2017, according to local media. Reuters is credited with this image. As a result of an interim decision issued by a Muslim judge, Justice Aftab Alam, in 2012, the Narendra Modi administration has now decided to discontinue the so-called Haj subsidy program. The action has been enthusiastically embraced by the public at large. The BJP has been vocal in its opposition to the Haj subsidy, claiming that it was implemented to ‘appease’ Muslims.
- According to the court’s order, the government was required to phase out the subsidy over a ten-year period, and the administration should be commended for doing this in less than six years.
- Is it true that the Indian government does not spend money on other religions?
- Was the Supreme Court correct in issuing such a mandate to the executive branch of government?
- In the case of the subsidies, the courts When Justices Markandey Katju and Gyan Sudha Mishra delivered a landmark decision in 2011, maintaining the validity of the Haj subsidy, it was hailed as a watershed moment in Indian history.
As Justice Alam pointed out, “we also take note of the fact that this court has determined that the provision of the subsidy was legally lawful.” We are not blind to the reality that public funding and resources are used in a variety of other purely religious activities, both directly and indirectly, and that this is not uncommon.
Furthermore, a two-judge bench cannot override a judgment rendered by another two-judge panel.
Also read:Centre Cancels Haj Subsidy. But Who Was It Really For, Anyway?
Furthermore, why did Justice Alam make no mention of the possibility of phasing out governmental funding on other religious occasions? Private tour operators had contested a section of the government’s Haj policy, which required them to have at least 250 square feet of office space, in this particular instance. The court included the matter of Haj subsidy on its own initiative, which was superfluous given that the court had just a year earlier confirmed the subsidy’s validity. However, policy concerns are the sole province of the government, and courts should preferably refrain from interfering with them.
In reality, Justice Alam undertook this endeavor by invoking the Quran, which commands Muslims to make the trip if they can afford it in terms of transportation, food, and lodging, among other factors.
Justice Katju observed that Article 27 would be violated only if a substantial portion of the total amount of income tax collected, a significant portion of the total amount of central excise, customs duties, sales tax, or a substantial portion of any other tax were to be used for the promotion of a particular religion, as determined by the court.
- In reality, when the complete amount of the Union government’s budget is taken into consideration, the Haj subsidy will represent a relatively minor proportion of the overall budgetary allocation.
- Myths and misconceptions about the subsidies As previously reported, the Haj subsidy primarily went to Air India, rather than to the pilgrims who were traveling to Mecca for the pilgrimage.
- Each pilgrim was charged 5,000 Saudi riyals (about $1,200) for lodging in Mecca and Medina.
- It appears that 180 riyals are for local transportation and 500 riyals are for the charge of the Mualim (the Saudi facilitator of Haj), for a total of 680 riyals in expenses.
- In addition, a fee of 2,100 riyals is imposed, which is refunded to the pilgrim upon their arrival in Mecca after they have spent the money on meals and other costs.
- It is reasonable to charge the extra cost to Air India since the Saudi government mandates that the flights return empty.
- For years, the government has been charging pilgrims an additional fee of around Rs 85,000-95,000 each person.
The pilgrimage to Amarnath.
The state of Kerala contributes Rs 46.5 lakh yearly to the Travancore Devaswom Budget, while the state of Tamil Nadu contributes Rs 13.5 lakh annually to the Devaswom Fund for the “maintenance of Hindu temples” from the consolidated fund under Article 290A of the Indian Constitution.
The Devasthan Department received Rs 38.91 crore in the 2017-18 budget from the BJP-led government in Rajasthan, with Rs 16 crore going to the pilgrimage of older folks, according to the budget.
Additionally, Muslims receive financial assistance from the state, which includes compensation packages for Muslim imams in Gujarat.
In Karnataka, large budgetary contributions are provided to churches; in 2015-16, the state allocated Rs 16.56 crore to churches.
To support madrasas and pilgrimages to Kashi, Ayodhya, and Mathura under the Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spirituality Augmentation Drive, the Adityanath administration has budgeted Rs 394 crore for madrasas and Rs 800 crore for pilgrimages to these three holy cities.
Keeping an ear out for the Supreme Court The Narendra Modi government’s argument for abolishing the Haj subsidy is also puzzling, as it cites the Supreme Court’s decision as justification.
According to one example, repeat enemy property ordinances go against not only court rulings in property disputes, but also against a constitutional bench judgment on the’re-promulgation of ordinances which was deemed to constitute fraud on the constitution’ (repeated enemy property ordinances).
- Similarly, the Supreme Court’s ruling against reservations in promotions and jallikattu is a good example of this.
- Restoration of Nehruvian secularism and the liberation of the Indian state from religious influence are very necessary.
- Let the government keep out of religious activities and festivals.
- Religion is a personal and private matter.
Ideally, this clear-cut separation should lead to ultimate liberation and, consequently, the reduction of the influence of religion on our government and society. Faizan Mustafais vice-chancellor, NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad. Views stated are personal.
Haj subsidy: Centre ends Haj subsidy as part of policy to ’empower minorities without appeasement’
The Most Important Points
- Mr. Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, the Union Minister for Minority Affairs, has announced that the Haj subsidy has been discontinued. “This decision is in line with the administration’s commitment to minority empowerment without appeasement,” the government stated
- The Haj subsidy would be utilized for educational empowerment and the care of females from minority communities.
NEW DELHI: The government of India has announced that it would increase the minimum wage to Rs. Hajpilgrims will no longer be eligible for any government assistance starting this year, according to the administration, which claims the decision is part of its objective of empowering minorities without appeasement. In a statement issued on Tuesday, Union Minister for Minority AffairsMukhtar Abbas Naqvi announced that theHaj subsidy had been discontinued. According to Naqvi, “This is part of our policy to empower minorities in a dignified and non-appeasement manner.” According to a 2012 Supreme Court judgment, the government was required to phase off the Haj subsidy gradually by 2022.
- As the expense of travel increases, the government will provide pilgrims with options like as air travel and water transportation.
- Within five years, the proposal intends to rationalize the allocation of the Haj quota between the Haj Committee of India and commercial trip operators, with a 70:30 split between the two organizations.
- This tale is also available in Bengali.
- A total of 1.75 lakh Indian residents are now eligible to participate in the Haj.
- Take a look at this Gujarati tale.
- See how WatchCentre has ended its Haj subsidy program for pilgrims on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.
Haj Subsidy Withdrawn, Government Says Muslims Didn’t Benefit From It
Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi predicted that 175,000 pilgrims will travel to Mecca this year, the biggest number ever.
- We believe in empowering people without appeasing them. Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi
- Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi He said that Muslims did not gain from the subsidy
- Mr Naqvi stated that the cash will now be utilised for the education of girls.
New Delhi, India: The government said today that it will no longer provide subsidies or lower-cost jet tickets to thousands of Muslims who travel to Mecca for the Haj pilgrimage each year. According to Union Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, the historic step will help Muslims regain their dignity while also empowering them. “We believe in empowerment rather than appeasement,” he added. Despite the withdrawal of the Haj stipend, the minister said that a record 1.75 lakh Muslims will travel to Mecca this year, thanks to an increase in Saudi Arabia’s quota of 5,000 pilgrims from India.
- We believe in development that is respectful of all people.
- Naqvi said himself.
- Officials from both nations are still working out the specifics, according to him.
- Because of the court verdict, the government has been reducing the amount of money it spends on the Haj every year.
- Recently, the government announced that Muslim women over the age of 45 might go to Mecca without the companionship of a man if they traveled in a party of at least four.
- The council, which was charged by the government with developing ideas for a new Haj policy, made many recommendations, including ending the subsidy and allowing older women to go without male guardians.
- In addition to a reduced cost on the national carrier Air India, the Haj subsidy comprises assistance to pilgrims provided by the government in reaching specially-designed Haj departure terminals at airports, as well as food and medical treatment.
Other pilgrimages, like as the Kumbh Melas and the Kailash Mansarovar yatra, are also supported by the government in some way.
What Is Haj Subsidy? Why Is It Scrapped? All You Need To Know
Muslims who travel to Mecca for the Haj pilgrimage will no longer be eligible for the Haj stipend. New Delhi, India: The Haj stipend, which benefits thousands of Muslims who travel to Mecca each year, was removed from the government’s website today. The government used to provide discounts on Air India aircraft tickets to Haj pilgrims as part of the Haj subsidy program. The Haj pilgrims were also supplied with aid in reaching specially designated Haj departure airport terminals, as well as support with meals, medical care, and housing, in addition to the discounted plane price.
- “”We believe in empowerment without appeasement,” Mr Naqvi said, adding that “development with dignity” is something in which they believe.
- Naqvi, thank you for your time.
- The Haj Committee Act of 1959, passed by the government during the post-colonial era, enlarged the scope of the program.
- Earlier this year, the Supreme Court determined that the Haj subsidy is not only unlawful, but also contradictory to the principles of the Quran.
- The government declared today that the Haj subsidy of Rs 700 crore will now be utilised for the educational objectives of children in the country.
- Mr Naqvi went on to say that Saudi Arabia had agreed to enable individuals to travel to Mecca by ship, which is less expensive than flying.
The Daily Fix: Removing Haj subsidy is welcome. But secular principle must apply to all pilgrimages
After removing the Haj stipend from Muslim pilgrims, the Centre stated that the cash will be utilized for women from minority communities who were enrolled in educational institutions. A move of this nature, according to Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, would be consistent with the government’s goal of empowering minorities “with dignity and without appeasement.” Furthermore, it is in accordance with a 2012 Supreme Court decision, which said that the subsidy should be phased down over a 10-year period, with the money being utilized for the “uplift of the community in education and other indices of social development.” On the overall, it appears to be a logical strategy, with the goal of replacing nominal investments in minorities’ welfare with more substantive investments in their welfare, as well as creating the necessary gap between a secular government and religious traditions.
- However, whether or not the Bharatiya Janata Party-led governments follow the second premise with appropriate rigor remains an open topic at this point.
- In certain quarters, it was claimed that monies channeled via the Haj Committee were dispersed as political largesse to community leaders, and that because of high prices, the payments were basically a subsidy for the failing national airline rather than Muslim pilgrims.
- It was used as ammunition in the BJP’s campaign against “pseudo-secularism” and provided a chance for extreme Hindutva organizations to demonize Muslims.
- Few Muslim leaders are now vocal in their opposition to the elimination of the subsidy, while some have voiced dissatisfaction with the fact that it was implemented “suddenly” and “focused” at a single population.
- For huge religious meetings like the Kumbh Mela, the government may argue that it is the government’s responsibility to provide the required facilities as well as law and order for large gatherings in any region of the country, which is true.
- In addition, numerous state governments give financial assistance to people who participate in the pilgrimage.
Madhya Pradesh provides financial assistance for a variety of pilgrimages for senior citizens and their companions, including visits to Ayodhya, Mathura, the birthplace of Sant Kabir, St Thomas’s Church in Kerala, as well as Hindu religious sites in Pakistan, China, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka, among other places.
Recently, the BJP was accused of diverting government funds to the “Gorakhpur Mahotsav,” a star-studded extravaganza held in the chief minister’s former Lok Sabha constituency.
Interestingly, it is at variance with the secular criteria that the party sets for itself when it comes to participation in the Haj. To reiterate a truism of secular politics, if the state wishes to distance itself from religion, it must do so across the board, across all religions.
The Big Scroll
Shoaib Daniyal says that the Congress’s Muslim symbolism has been detrimental to both the party and the Muslim population as a whole. Here’s an explanation of why the Haj subsidy is such a contentious issue.
- Haris Wankhede writes in the Indian Express about how the Bhima-Koregaon protests signal a return to a more radical past for Dalit awareness
- See also: Many governments have undertaken so-called changes in the public distribution system, according to Jean Dreze, who writes in the Hindu, which are causing millions of people to suffer. Shekhar Chandra, writing in Mint, poses a bleak question: can we still escape reaching the climatic tipping point?
Padmavatpic.twitter.com/AvX8JpToDu On January 16, 2018, hemant morparia (@hemantmorparia) tweeted:
‘I had first visited Baliara in 2009, two months before the storm hit,’ says Joydeep Gupta of the threat that rising sea levels pose to millions of people living in the Sunderbans. Former headmaster of the village school Badruddin Sarkar had then climbed on top of the 18-foot embankment and pointed out the residences he used to own – the first of which had been destroyed by increasing sea levels in 1991 and the second of which had been destroyed by a rising sea level in 2004. The only thing that could be seen of the second structure was the trunk of a coconut palm, which had formerly been a component of the foundation.
Why Muslims are not mourning withdrawal of Haj subsidy
Finally, the Narendra Modi government has decided to revoke the Haj subsidy that the Union government had provided to Muslim Haj pilgrims traveling to Mecca under the previous administration. The Supreme Court has recommended the government to phase off the Haj subsidy by the year 2022, in accordance with the Constitution. In the last election, the Haj subsidy had been a major campaign topic for the BJP, and its final elimination will be extremely pleasing for the party’s hardline followers across the country.
- Since the announcement of the move by the Minister of Minority Affairs, there hasn’t been a single protest against the government’s decision to implement it.
- More and more Muslim figures, including Ulema, are coming forth and declaring that the subsidy was a farce and that it did not benefit Haj pilgrims in any way.
- The elimination of subsidies has been met with enthusiasm by Muslims.
- Muslims were taken advantage of under the name of subsidizing.
- The fare will be less expensive if the subsidy is removed.
- It is a rule of the International Air Transport Association that anyone traveling for pilgrimage would receive a 40 percent discount on his or her airfare.
- When it comes to the Haj subsidy, there are two quite different points of view.
Over 1.7 million Muslims traveled to Mecca last year, and the federal government supported the Muslim pilgrimage by spending Rs 250 crore, a pittance by any standard.
This amounted to Rs 837 crore in the year 2012.
The amount of Haj subsidy received in 2016 was less than half of the amount received in 2012, totaling just Rs 405 crore.
While on its journey to pick up the pilgrims, the airplane must first fly empty all the way from Indian airports to Mecca, Medina, or Jeddah, and then load the pilgrims into the aircraft once it arrives.
However, it is also true that the Rs 65000 or Rs 80000 in airfare that Air India charges Hajis is far greater than what can be guaranteed by a fair bidding procedure.
There was no Haj subsidy until the early 1970s, when the growing cost of jet fuel compelled the airline firms to hike the prices of their tickets significantly.
As a result of the commotion, the government intervened and gave subsidies to travellers in the form of subsidized air travel tickets.
Additionally, it should be noted that every pilgrim spends a minimum of Rs 170000 for the Haj journey.
Hajis who are lodged close to the Grand Mosque in Mecca are taxed more, whilst those who are accommodated in Aziziya, which are far-flung suburbs of Mecca, are charged less.
It should be noted that tens of thousands of pilgrims who travel to Mecca through private Haj operators rather than the Haj Committee-managed pilgrimage pay significantly more.
High-end tour companies cater to wealthy Muslims who do not like to go through the anguish of living in big communal-style lodgings and sharing a room (or large-sized hall) with a half-dozen or more individuals.
Corruption is widespread and pervasive in India, and it goes deep.
When it comes to the Haj pilgrimage subsidy, it has been said several times that it benefits corrupt government officials as well as the national carrier Air India, rather than the pilgrims.
“It goes without saying that there is corruption, but one does not know how far up the food chain the money flows.
The Haj Committee is legally responsible for organizing arrangements for the transportation of pilgrims, and this obligation is vested in them.
According to Syed Shahabuddin, who wrote in 2002, “the Haj Committee has accumulated the required competence to determine its key needs for the tender at this point.” Syed Ubaidur Rahman’s other columns can be found here: Owaisi’s appeal grows as a result of the talaq billWill Indian Muslims take a break from the intense concentration on political politics that has characterized recent years?
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The meeting of Jamiat Ulama with Modi is a positive start. Syed Ubaidur Rahman is a writer and political analyst living in New Delhi. He has written numerous works about Muslims and Islam in India, including Understanding Muslim Leadership in India, which was published by Oxford University Press.